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Henry Ford. Model ‘T’ Ford & The Cycle of Prosperity. By S Deodhar. The Model ‘T’ Ford. Henry Ford set out to build a car which everyone could afford to buy. It was slow, ugly and difficult to drive, and was nick named the ‘Tin Lizzie’ by the American people. The Model ‘T’ Ford.

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Henry ford

Henry Ford

Model ‘T’ Ford

&

The Cycle of Prosperity

By S Deodhar


The model t ford
The Model ‘T’ Ford

  • Henry Ford set out to build a car which everyone could afford to buy.

  • It was slow, ugly and difficult to drive, and was nick named the ‘Tin Lizzie’ by the American people.


The model t ford1
The Model ‘T’ Ford

  • The attraction of the Model T Ford was that its price never increased.

  • Costing $1200 in 1909, the price in 1928 was only $295.

  • By 1929 Ford was producing more than one car per minute


Mass production
Mass Production

  • Ford was able to sell cars cheaply because they were mass-produced and every part was Standardised (only one color and one engine size were available).

  • By producing large numbers of cars on an Assembly Line Ford needed fewer skilledworkers, and that cut the cost of paying wages.


Mass production1
Mass Production

Ford invented the idea of using an Assembly Line to speed up production.


`

  • ‘A customer can have any colour he likes for his car so long as it's black’

How would this have helped to cut production costs?


Assembly lines

‘… each man and each machine do only one thing ... the thing is to keep everything in motion and take the work to the man not the man to the work’

Henry Ford 1925

Assembly Lines


More jobs are created in other industries.

Car Industry

Mass productions & Standardisation lead to increased car sales.

More Standardised parts are needed

The Cycle of Prosperity!

Jobs in Diners, Motels & Gas Stations.

Steel

More Oil is used.

Rubber

Leather

More people with jobs means that they can afford to buy a car!

Glass

More roads are built.


Car production cycle of prosperity
Car Production & Cycle of Prosperity

  • Car production used up 20% of America's steel, 80% of her rubber, 75% of her plate glass and 65% of her leather.

  • By the end of the 1920s American cars used seven billion gallons of petrol a year.

  • This helped to create jobs in the oil industry and made the oil state of Texas rich.


Aerial view of the rouge plant in 1930
Aerial view of the Rouge plant in 1930

In 1929, there were 81,000 men working in this one factory


Summary

In order to get a a grade ‘C’ upwards in exams, you must learn and use the key words & facts.

These concepts will be awarded as key ‘knowledge.’

Cycle of Prosperity

Mass Production

Assembly Lines

Unskilled Workers

Standardisation.

Model ‘T’ Ford

Tin Lizzie

Summary

Key Words


Exam question 1
Exam Question 1 must learn and use the

A small town in Texas, 1925

  • How reliable is this source to an historian writing about the effects of mass production in the USA in the 1920s?


Exam question 2

‘A customer can have any colour he likes for his car so long as it's black’

Exam Question 2

  • Does this quote fully explain how the system of mass production worked? Use your own knowledge and the source to explain your answer.


Mark scheme
Mark Scheme long as it's black’


Question 1 level 3

Some cars are similar i.e. long as it's black’Standardisation.

Model T Fords

Cycle of Prosperity – people can afford to buy cars.

Only one town. Not enough evidence for the whole of the USA.

Texas was a rich oil producing state which meant more people could afford to buy cars than other parts of the USA.

Level 4 = an answer which includes one from each column.

Question 1Level 3

For

Against


Question 2 level 3

All the cars are the same colour – black - i.e. long as it's black’Standardisation.

No mention of Assembly Lines

No mention of cheap unskilled workers.

Level 4 = an answer which includes one from each column.

Question 2Level 3

For

Against


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