William shakespeare
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William Shakespeare. Biography. April 1564 - 1616 In Stratford-upon-Avon 100 miles NW of London At 18, married Anne Hathaway Became an actor. Map of England. Scenery and Costumes. Scenery – none. All information comes from dialogue.

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William Shakespeare

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William shakespeare

William Shakespeare


Biography

Biography

  • April 1564 - 1616

  • In Stratford-upon-Avon

  • 100 miles NW of London

  • At 18, married Anne Hathaway

  • Became an actor


Map of england

Map of England


Scenery and costumes

Scenery and Costumes

  • Scenery – none. All information comes from dialogue.

  • Very elaborate and expensive – wealthy gave clothes to their favorite servants, who then sold them.

  • No women in plays until 1660. Girls were played by little boys. This is why there are very few female roles.


Puritans

Puritans

  • Upset because of “waste” of expensive clothing.

  • Not fans of cross-dressing or boy/boy roles.


Theaters

Theaters

  • “The Theatre” was north of London.

  • In 1596, it’s lease was lost so the actors took it apart and rebuilt it south, across the Thames.

  • It was renamed, “The Globe.”

  • Built outside of the city so that London officials couldn’t interfere.


Theaters1

Theaters

  • Floor – cheap – standing only

  • Tarras – luxury boxes

  • Stage – trapdoor to “hell”

  • “Hell” – dead people “leave” the stage

  • “Heavens” – Some scenery


The globe

The Globe


Theaters close

Theaters Close

  • During Shakespeare’s time, 200,000 people were living in London

  • Between Dec. 1592 and Dec. 1593, 11,000 died of plague

  • All public areas, including restaurants and playhouses were closed

Costume worn by plague doctor to protect against 'miasmas' of poisonous air


Sonnets

Sonnets

  • With the theaters closed, Shakespeare began writing poems, called Sonnets.

  • He wrote 154 in all.

  • 14 line poems

  • 3 quatrains – groups of 4 lines

  • 1 couplet – group of 2 lines


Sonnet 18

Sonnet 18

  • AShall I compare thee to a summer’s day? B Thou art more lovely and more temperate: A Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, B And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:

  • C Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, D And often is his gold complexion dimmed; C And every fair from fair sometimes declines, D By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed;

  • E But thy eternal summer shall not fade, F Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest, E Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade, F When in eternal lines to time thou growest;

  • G So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, G So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.


Sonnet 18 parody

Sonnet 18 – Parody

  • Shall I compare thee to a bale of hay?

  • Thou art more dusty and far less neat.

  • Rough winds do toss thy mop about, I'd say,

  • Which looks far worse than hay a horse would eat.

  • Sometime thy squinty eye looks into mine

  • Through stringy, greasy hair that needs be trimm'd,

  • And ne'er a horse had such a stench as thine,

  • As though in stagnant sewers thou hast swimm'd.

  • Thy disgusting image shall not fade;

  • This my tortured mind and soul doth know.

  • O, I should love to hit thee with a spade;

  • And with that blow I hope that thou wouldst go.

  • So long as I can breathe, my eyes can see,

  • And I can run, I'll stay away from thee...

  • copyright1991anthonybaldwin


Sonnet 130

Sonnet 130

  • My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.

  • I have seen roses damask'd, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks; And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

  • I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound; I grant I never saw a goddess go; My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:

  • And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare.


Sonnet 46

Sonnet 46

  • Mine eye and heart are at a mortal war

  • How to divide the conquest of thy sight;

  • Mine eye my heart thy picture's sight would bar,

  • My heart mine eye the freedom of that right.

  • My heart doth plead that thou in him dost lie—

  • A closet never pierced with crystal eyes—

  • But the defendant doth that plea deny

  • And says in him thy fair appearance lies.

  • To 'cide this title is impanneled

  • A quest of thoughts, all tenants to the heart,

  • And by their verdict is determined

  • The clear eye's moiety and the dear heart's part:

  • As thus; mine eye's due is thy outward part,

  • And my heart's right thy inward love of heart.


Sonnet 116

Sonnet 116

  • Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments; love is not loveWhich alters when it alteration finds,Or bends with the remover to remove:

  • O, no, it is an ever-fixèd mark,That looks on tempests and is never shaken;It is the star to every wand'ring bark,Whose worth's unknown, although his heighth be taken.

  • Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeksWithin his bending sickle's compass come;Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,But bears it out even to the edge of doom.

  • If this be error and upon me proved,I never writ, nor no man ever loved.


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