Regional Cooperation as a Catalyst for Development The case of Latin America and the Caribbean

DownloadRegional Cooperation as a Catalyst for Development The case of Latin Ameri...

Advertisement
Download Presentation
Comments
jana
From:
|  
(4621) |   (0) |   (1)
Views: 46 | Added: 16-02-2012
Rate Presentation: 0 0
Description:
Where does Latin America and the Caribbean stand today?. Learning from the pastMaintaining a prudent macroeconomic stanceSocially progressiveMarking out a new development agenda based on rights to equalityUnprecedented context: two-speed global economy
Regional Cooperation as a Catalyst for Development The case...

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




2. Where does Latin America and the Caribbean stand today? Learning from the past Maintaining a prudent macroeconomic stance Socially progressive Marking out a new development agenda based on rights to equality Unprecedented context: two-speed global economy ? sluggish in developed countries and dynamic in emerging countries El impacto de las pol?ticas contra c?clicas y a la recuperaci?n del comercio, remesas e IED El dinamismo exportador del decenio radica en Am?rica del Sur, donde est?n concentrados los exportadores de productos b?sicos La apreciaci?n de las monedas en la regi?n causada por la expansi?n monetaria en los pa?ses desarrollados dificulta objetivos de desarrollo con productividad M?xico por el contrario, experiment? una fuerte baja en el dinamismo de sus exportaciones. Esto se explica fundamentalmente por dos motivos: Sus exportaciones est?n concentradas en manufacturas (las cuales no han tenido incrementos de precios comparable a las de las materias primas) en cerca de un 80%; y 2) Ha perdido presencia en el mercado de los Estados Unidos debido a la creciente competencia asi?tica y especialmente China. En C. Am?rica, salvo Nicaragua y Panam?, el desempe?o de esta d?cada es inferior al de la d?cada pasada.El impacto de las pol?ticas contra c?clicas y a la recuperaci?n del comercio, remesas e IED El dinamismo exportador del decenio radica en Am?rica del Sur, donde est?n concentrados los exportadores de productos b?sicos La apreciaci?n de las monedas en la regi?n causada por la expansi?n monetaria en los pa?ses desarrollados dificulta objetivos de desarrollo con productividad M?xico por el contrario, experiment? una fuerte baja en el dinamismo de sus exportaciones. Esto se explica fundamentalmente por dos motivos: Sus exportaciones est?n concentradas en manufacturas (las cuales no han tenido incrementos de precios comparable a las de las materias primas) en cerca de un 80%; y 2) Ha perdido presencia en el mercado de los Estados Unidos debido a la creciente competencia asi?tica y especialmente China. En C. Am?rica, salvo Nicaragua y Panam?, el desempe?o de esta d?cada es inferior al de la d?cada pasada.

3. Trade has played a key role in the region?s economic recovery, thanks to South America?s trade links with Asia-Pacific, especially China Los intercambios comerciales de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe con los principales socios extrarregionales e intrarregionales en el per?odo posterior a la crisis crecieron notablemente, recuper?ndose de la marcada contracci?n de 2009. Al comparar el crecimiento del valor de las exportaciones e importaciones en el primer semestre de 2010, en relaci?n con igual per?odo de 2009, se comprueba que las exportaciones e importaciones a Asia son las que crecieron m?s r?pido en este per?odo. La persistente demanda de China y del resto de Asia estimul? la exportaci?n de varios de los productos b?sicos de la regi?n, mientras que los precios internacionales de dichos productos se han mantenido elevados. El comercio con los Estados Unidos y el comercio intrarregional crecieron a tasas moderadas. Al contrario, el comercio con la Uni?n Europea todav?a no alcanz? los niveles de previos a la crisis.Los intercambios comerciales de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe con los principales socios extrarregionales e intrarregionales en el per?odo posterior a la crisis crecieron notablemente, recuper?ndose de la marcada contracci?n de 2009. Al comparar el crecimiento del valor de las exportaciones e importaciones en el primer semestre de 2010, en relaci?n con igual per?odo de 2009, se comprueba que las exportaciones e importaciones a Asia son las que crecieron m?s r?pido en este per?odo. La persistente demanda de China y del resto de Asia estimul? la exportaci?n de varios de los productos b?sicos de la regi?n, mientras que los precios internacionales de dichos productos se han mantenido elevados. El comercio con los Estados Unidos y el comercio intrarregional crecieron a tasas moderadas. Al contrario, el comercio con la Uni?n Europea todav?a no alcanz? los niveles de previos a la crisis.

4. Commodity prices have increased aggravating the risk of primarization El patr?n de crecimiento internacional y la especializaci?n de la regi?n, el alza en los precios de los productos b?sicos incentiva la ?reprimarizaci?n? de la estructura exportadora Entendemos por reprimarizaci?n el aumento en la participaci?n de las materias primas no procesadas (barra verde) en las exportaciones totales. Esto no significa creer en la tesis de la ?maldici?n de los RR.NN? El patr?n de crecimiento internacional y la especializaci?n de la regi?n, el alza en los precios de los productos b?sicos incentiva la ?reprimarizaci?n? de la estructura exportadora Entendemos por reprimarizaci?n el aumento en la participaci?n de las materias primas no procesadas (barra verde) en las exportaciones totales. Esto no significa creer en la tesis de la ?maldici?n de los RR.NN?

5. Why time for equality? Main gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean Although many countries are unlikely to achieve the primary-education target, completed primary schooling is not an educational capital sufficient for obtaining employment. The minimum educational level for a suitable entry to the labour market in order to avoid a situation of relative poverty is a full secondary education. In most countries, complete secondary schooling is required. The region should focus more on secondary education. There have been considerable advances in this area, particularly in terms of coverage, equal access, grade promotion and the completion of secondary education are priorities for the region, and a target which is a long way from being achieved. This situation is an Achilles? heel for the fight against poverty and efforts to raise productivity and improve the competitiveness of the economies of the region. Attention must be given to deficiencies and inequalities in the quality of education, which hold back economic and social development and certainly do not help to build active citizenship and democracy. Although many countries are unlikely to achieve the primary-education target, completed primary schooling is not an educational capital sufficient for obtaining employment. The minimum educational level for a suitable entry to the labour market in order to avoid a situation of relative poverty is a full secondary education. In most countries, complete secondary schooling is required. The region should focus more on secondary education. There have been considerable advances in this area, particularly in terms of coverage, equal access, grade promotion and the completion of secondary education are priorities for the region, and a target which is a long way from being achieved. This situation is an Achilles? heel for the fight against poverty and efforts to raise productivity and improve the competitiveness of the economies of the region. Attention must be given to deficiencies and inequalities in the quality of education, which hold back economic and social development and certainly do not help to build active citizenship and democracy.

6. In terms of poverty, the lost decade of the 1980s was followed by a difficult 1990s and a new century with notable achievements. Moreover, poverty and extreme poverty rose less than expected in 2009 and decreased in 2010 Porcentaje de Poblaci?n Indigentes Pobres no indigentes Total de Pobres 1980 18.6 21.9 40.5 1990 22.5 25.8 48.3 1999 18.5 25.3 43.8 2002 19.4 24.6 44.0 2007 12.6 21.5 34.1 2008 12.9 20.1 33.0 2009 13.3 19.8 33.1 2010 a/ 12.9 19.2 32.1 Volumen de Poblaci?n (millones de personas) Indigentes Pobres no indigentes Pobres 1980 62 74 136 1990 93 107 200 1999 89 122 211 2002 97 124 221 2007 68 116 184 2008 71 109 180 2009 74 109 183 2010 a/ 72 108 180 a/ Estimation. Porcentaje de Poblaci?n Indigentes Pobres no indigentes Total de Pobres 1980 18.6 21.9 40.5 1990 22.5 25.8 48.3 1999 18.5 25.3 43.8 2002 19.4 24.6 44.0 2007 12.6 21.5 34.1 2008 12.9 20.1 33.0 2009 13.3 19.8 33.1 2010 a/ 12.9 19.2 32.1 Volumen de Poblaci?n (millones de personas) Indigentes Pobres no indigentes Pobres 1980 62 74 136 1990 93 107 200 1999 89 122 211 2002 97 124 221 2007 68 116 184 2008 71 109 180 2009 74 109 183 2010 a/ 72 108 180 a/ Estimation.

7. For the first time in the history of the region there were improvements in equality A decade without progress in income distribution? ? Followed by a decade with some steps forward

8. En la regi?n, los modelos de desarrollo reciente crearon incentivos centrados en ventajas competitivas est?ticas y condujeron al progresivo debilitamiento de las capacidades tecnol?gicas, e incluso a su p?rdida. Esto ante la falta de est?mulos para el desarrollo y la consolidaci?n de capacidades m?s sofisticadas. Por tanto, cuando irrumpi? la crisis internacional de 2008 y 2009, AL y C se encontraba en desventaja dados los d?biles cambios estructurales, la escasa diversificaci?n de la producci?n y un limitado desarrollo de los sectores que realizan un uso m?s intensivo de conocimientos y capacidades tecnol?gicas, as? como un ensanchamiento de la brecha de productividad con respecto a otras regiones. As? mismo, la region ha tenido lentos avances en la reducci?n de la pobreza y la desigualdad, con sistemas tributarios regresivos, y cambios de tendencia demogr?fica. Se tienen todav?a como reto la agenda de igualdad de g?nero, el cambio clim?tico y la necesidad de desarrollar econom?as bajas en carbono, as? como el de incrementar la eficiencia energ?tica y uso de energ?as renovables, para facilitar el proceso de desarrollo tan anhelado. En la regi?n, los modelos de desarrollo reciente crearon incentivos centrados en ventajas competitivas est?ticas y condujeron al progresivo debilitamiento de las capacidades tecnol?gicas, e incluso a su p?rdida. Esto ante la falta de est?mulos para el desarrollo y la consolidaci?n de capacidades m?s sofisticadas. Por tanto, cuando irrumpi? la crisis internacional de 2008 y 2009, AL y C se encontraba en desventaja dados los d?biles cambios estructurales, la escasa diversificaci?n de la producci?n y un limitado desarrollo de los sectores que realizan un uso m?s intensivo de conocimientos y capacidades tecnol?gicas, as? como un ensanchamiento de la brecha de productividad con respecto a otras regiones. As? mismo, la region ha tenido lentos avances en la reducci?n de la pobreza y la desigualdad, con sistemas tributarios regresivos, y cambios de tendencia demogr?fica. Se tienen todav?a como reto la agenda de igualdad de g?nero, el cambio clim?tico y la necesidad de desarrollar econom?as bajas en carbono, as? como el de incrementar la eficiencia energ?tica y uso de energ?as renovables, para facilitar el proceso de desarrollo tan anhelado.

9. Latin America and the Caribbean is characterized as a middle income region The concept of ?middle income? masks large disparities in the economic and social situations of the Latin American and Caribbean countries: Levels of poverty and distribution of income Institutional development Ability to generate national savings Capacity to access international financial markets Size and level vulnerability (small open economies in the Caribbean) Countries in the region must deploy further efforts to reduce inequality within their territories and in poor trans-boundary areas Find ways to realize the synergies between social equality and economic vibrancy In spite of improved economic and social performance, the region still has limited capacity to tackle important gaps relying on domestic resources only THE CONCEPT OF ?MIDDLE INCOME? MASKS LARGE DISPARITIES IN THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SITUATIONS OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES The operating definition of ?middle income? fails to reflect the heterogeneity of the countries which make up that group and the great diversity of their needs. Not all countries need the same amount or the same type of official aid, or for the same reasons. The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, regardless of their individual characteristics, have seen a fall in their share of ODA flows. The relative share of Latin America and the Caribbean as a recipient of ODA fell from 9% of the total in 1990 to 7% in 2008. ODA allocation criteria must be updated and improved in order to: Respond to the heterogeneity of the countries? needs Prevent the allocation of ODA from favouring certain groups of countries to the detriment of others. THE CONCEPT OF ?MIDDLE INCOME? MASKS LARGE DISPARITIES IN THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SITUATIONS OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES The operating definition of ?middle income? fails to reflect the heterogeneity of the countries which make up that group and the great diversity of their needs. Not all countries need the same amount or the same type of official aid, or for the same reasons. The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, regardless of their individual characteristics, have seen a fall in their share of ODA flows. The relative share of Latin America and the Caribbean as a recipient of ODA fell from 9% of the total in 1990 to 7% in 2008. ODA allocation criteria must be updated and improved in order to: Respond to the heterogeneity of the countries? needs Prevent the allocation of ODA from favouring certain groups of countries to the detriment of others.

10. Challenges for public management Follow-up to the CELAC initiatives to foster policy dialogue on addressing the global economic and financial crises Technical support to the International Comparison Programme (ICP) for harmonization of statistics on prices and national accounts in the Caribbean Regional Seminar on Fiscal Policy (ECLAC-OECD-IMF) for policy dialogue and sharing of experience Follow-up to the CELAC initiatives to foster policy dialogue on addressing the global economic and financial crises Technical support to the International Comparison Programme (ICP) for harmonization of statistics on prices and national accounts in the Caribbean Regional Seminar on Fiscal Policy (ECLAC-OECD-IMF) for policy dialogue and sharing of experience

11. The role of cooperation for the region?s development is essential The ?middle-income? concept needs to be rethought as a criteria for allocating ODA resources International cooperation: international community must support development efforts, considering that over 90% of poor in the region live in non-poor countries Increasing ODA towards the region, channeled with greater efficiency and effectiveness through strengthened institutional capacities Combining ODA with innovative financing and other cooperation mechanisms such as technology transfers for sustainable development Regional cooperation and integration, in their different modalities, are crucial catalysts for: Cross-fertilization of transversal issues and strengthening the regional voice in global fora To improve the articulation of development strategies at the regional and domestic levels To enhance South-South cooperation and sub-regional integration schemes THE CONCEPT OF ?MIDDLE INCOME? MASKS LARGE DISPARITIES IN THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SITUATIONS OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES The operating definition of ?middle income? fails to reflect the heterogeneity of the countries which make up that group and the great diversity of their needs. Not all countries need the same amount or the same type of official aid, or for the same reasons. The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, regardless of their individual characteristics, have seen a fall in their share of ODA flows. The relative share of Latin America and the Caribbean as a recipient of ODA fell from 9% of the total in 1990 to 7% in 2008. ODA allocation criteria must be updated and improved in order to: Respond to the heterogeneity of the countries? needs Prevent the allocation of ODA from favouring certain groups of countries to the detriment of others. THE CONCEPT OF ?MIDDLE INCOME? MASKS LARGE DISPARITIES IN THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SITUATIONS OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES The operating definition of ?middle income? fails to reflect the heterogeneity of the countries which make up that group and the great diversity of their needs. Not all countries need the same amount or the same type of official aid, or for the same reasons. The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, regardless of their individual characteristics, have seen a fall in their share of ODA flows. The relative share of Latin America and the Caribbean as a recipient of ODA fell from 9% of the total in 1990 to 7% in 2008. ODA allocation criteria must be updated and improved in order to: Respond to the heterogeneity of the countries? needs Prevent the allocation of ODA from favouring certain groups of countries to the detriment of others.

12. Regional initiatives to address inequality and social protection gaps The Inter-American social protection network promotes exchange of experience on the formulation, implementation and impact of social protection and employment policies and measures with the support of OAS-ILO- ECLAC : Emphasis on conditional transfer programmes SICA has created the Central American Secretariat for Social integration (SISCA) fostering sub-regional cooperation on social protection issues CAN countries place increasing emphasis on the sub-regional policy dialogue on social protection, the care economy and families The Caribbean Development Round Table (Trinidad and Tobago, September 2011) will focus on identifying challenges faced by small economies in social protection and regional integration, among other issues Ministerial conferences foster sub-regional dialogue on the impact of the rise in commodity prices on social development in Central America and South America (Santiago and El Salvador) with UN inter-agency support The regional plan of action on information society eLAC 2015 promotes e-health policies CEPAL-FAP-IICA seminars in Santiago and El Salvador on price volatility In commodities and their impact on food prices and development. Social expenditure: harmonization de methodology for measuring social expenditureCEPAL-FAP-IICA seminars in Santiago and El Salvador on price volatility In commodities and their impact on food prices and development. Social expenditure: harmonization de methodology for measuring social expenditure

13. Investing in education and the region?s human capital Priorities of regional cooperation and inter-regional partnerships : Improve the quality and equity in primary education Reduce traditional and emerging gaps in education (illiteracy, coverage, reproduction of social inequities, learning gaps, access to an quality of employment, access to and use of ICT) education). Enhance the efficiency of social spending in education Ibero-American countries have established ?Educational goals 2021? in three phases: complete secondary/preschool 2011- 6 billion 2015- 24 billion 2021- 79 billion The regional plan of action on information society eLAC 2015 promotes policies aimed at enhancing access to and the use of ICTs in education Organizaci?n de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educaci?n, la Ciencia y la Cultura (OEI) 2008: Ibero-American Summit request the identification of a set of Educational Goals 2021. 2009: Ministers of Education of Ibero-America agreed on a set of eleven ?Educational Goals 2021: the education we want for the generation of the Bicentennial? Educational Goals 2021: eleven major goals 1.To strengthen and expand the society?s participation in educational acts 2.To increase opportunities for and provide due educational attention to the diverse needs of the students 3.To increase the supply of early education and promote its educational potential 4.To achieve universal primary and basic secondary education and improve their quality 5.To provide a meaningful curriculum that ensures the acquisition of skills 6.To increase youth participation in higher secondary education, in vocational education and in university 7.To promote the connection between education and employment through technical vocational education 8.To make available to all people opportunities for education/training throughout their entire life 9. To strengthen the teaching profession 10. Expand Ibero-American knowledge space? and strengthen research activities 11.To invest more and more efficiently in education Education is a priority on the agenda of the EU-LAC Summits and a core element of the inter-regional cooperation strategy on information society (@LIS 2) As technical secretariat of the regional Plan of action eLAC, ECLAC promotes inter-regional cooperation to strengthen policies aimed at enhancing access to and the use of ICTs in education through: - Generation of knowledge and identification of good practices in e-education in the region and in other regions of the world (publication on the State-of-the-art of policy-making? in e-education currently in preparation) - Development of bi-regional networks of policy-makers and practitioners - Capacity-building, advisory services and policy recommendations with Ministries of education of the region upon request Organizaci?n de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educaci?n, la Ciencia y la Cultura (OEI) 2008: Ibero-American Summit request the identification of a set of Educational Goals 2021. 2009: Ministers of Education of Ibero-America agreed on a set of eleven ?Educational Goals 2021: the education we want for the generation of the Bicentennial? Educational Goals 2021: eleven major goals 1.To strengthen and expand the society?s participation in educational acts 2.To increase opportunities for and provide due educational attention to the diverse needs of the students 3.To increase the supply of early education and promote its educational potential 4.To achieve universal primary and basic secondary education and improve their quality 5.To provide a meaningful curriculum that ensures the acquisition of skills 6.To increase youth participation in higher secondary education, in vocational education and in university 7.To promote the connection between education and employment through technical vocational education 8.To make available to all people opportunities for education/training throughout their entire life 9. To strengthen the teaching profession 10. Expand Ibero-American knowledge space? and strengthen research activities 11.To invest more and more efficiently in education Education is a priority on the agenda of the EU-LAC Summits and a core element of the inter-regional cooperation strategy on information society (@LIS 2) As technical secretariat of the regional Plan of action eLAC, ECLAC promotes inter-regional cooperation to strengthen policies aimed at enhancing access to and the use of ICTs in education through: - Generation of knowledge and identification of good practices in e-education in the region and in other regions of the world (publication on the State-of-the-art of policy-making? in e-education currently in preparation) - Development of bi-regional networks of policy-makers and practitioners - Capacity-building, advisory services and policy recommendations with Ministries of education of the region upon request

14. Strengthening financing, investment and productivity in the region The Rio Group and CELAC promote regional common positions in the International follow-up Conferences on Financing for Development (Regional consultation, Santiago, August 2011) The Central American Council of Ministers of Finance and Economy (COMIECO and COSEFIN) are currently developing the Plan for investment and financing for Central America, Panama and the Dominican Republic Regional cooperation in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to foster development Regional Plan of action eLAC 2015 Regional dialogue aimed at ensuring universal access to broadband and creation of a Regional Information Center on Broadband (ORBA) Mercosur Group for Productive Integration aimed at promoting SMEs, investments and value chains Inter-regional initiatives: Ibero-American policy dialogue on the development of SMEs (IBERPYME) and ?Pathways to prosperity in the Americas? Priority issues for the region?s development agenda: More selective conditions for accessing external financing and possible restructuring of national and international financial architecture Need to redefine regional integration models, financial architecture and access to financing for investment and social protection in middle-income countries and in small economies Broadband regional dialogue aimed at ensuring universal access to broadband in South America and Costa Rica of which ECLAC is technical secretariat and operator of ORBA (Observatorio regional de banda ancha) Participaci?n en seminarios de discusi?n de buenas pr?cticas en pol?ticas p?blicas para pymes en el marco de actividades de la SEGIB con IBERPYME para crear y financiar mecanismos de transferencia de buenas pr?cticas entre pa?ses de la regi?n. Septiembre de 2009, Marzo de 2011. Reuni?n Ministerial sobre la iniciativa Caminos a la Prosperidad en las Am?ricas (m?s conocida como iniciativa Obama) a realizarse en 2011. CEPAL ha preparado documento ?Experiencias exitosas en innovaci?n, inserci?n internacional e inclusi?n social: una mirada desde las pymes? en colaboraci?n con OEA y BID. Priority issues for the region?s development agenda: More selective conditions for accessing external financing and possible restructuring of national and international financial architecture Need to redefine regional integration models, financial architecture and access to financing for investment and social protection in middle-income countries and in small economies Broadband regional dialogue aimed at ensuring universal access to broadband in South America and Costa Rica of which ECLAC is technical secretariat and operator of ORBA (Observatorio regional de banda ancha) Participaci?n en seminarios de discusi?n de buenas pr?cticas en pol?ticas p?blicas para pymes en el marco de actividades de la SEGIB con IBERPYME para crear y financiar mecanismos de transferencia de buenas pr?cticas entre pa?ses de la regi?n. Septiembre de 2009, Marzo de 2011. Reuni?n Ministerial sobre la iniciativa Caminos a la Prosperidad en las Am?ricas (m?s conocida como iniciativa Obama) a realizarse en 2011. CEPAL ha preparado documento ?Experiencias exitosas en innovaci?n, inserci?n internacional e inclusi?n social: una mirada desde las pymes? en colaboraci?n con OEA y BID.

15. Intra-regional trade shows a dynamic performance but not enough? EVOLUCI?N DEL COMERCIO INTRAMERCOSUR En 2010, el comercio intra-MERCOSUR se recuper? de la fuerte desaceleraci?n sufrida en 2009 producto de la crisis de fines de 2008. La tasa de crecimiento post-crisis fue de 34%, esto es 6 puntos porcentuales m?s que el crecimiento de su comercio extrarregional. El an?lisis del coeficiente de comercio intrarregional (proporci?n de las exportaciones intrarregionales en el total) mostr? signos de recuperaci?n. En 2010 sigui? aumentando, aunque a?n no consigue los m?ximos hist?ricos del bienio (1997-1998). Durante el primer trimestre de 2011, los flujos de comercio intra-MERCOSUR continuaron aumentando. Esto, pese a las tensiones existentes entre los socios de mayor tama?o dentro del grupo. EVOLUCI?N DEL COMERCIO INTRA-MCCA El comercio l entre los pa?ses del Mercado Com?n Centroamericano (MCCA),?calculado como el total de las exportaciones entre sus miembros en las exportaciones totales?, lleg? a niveles cercanos al 25% en 2008. En 2009 con la crisis internacional y tensiones geopol?ticas (crisis interna en Honduras), el comercio intrarregional descendi? dos puntos porcentuales, hasta el 23%. Tras la crisis, en 2010, las exportaciones intrarregionales volvieron a aumenta en 2010, a un ritmo similar al de las exportaciones extrarregionales. EVOLUCI?N DEL COMERCIO INTRAMERCOSUR En 2010, el comercio intra-MERCOSUR se recuper? de la fuerte desaceleraci?n sufrida en 2009 producto de la crisis de fines de 2008. La tasa de crecimiento post-crisis fue de 34%, esto es 6 puntos porcentuales m?s que el crecimiento de su comercio extrarregional. El an?lisis del coeficiente de comercio intrarregional (proporci?n de las exportaciones intrarregionales en el total) mostr? signos de recuperaci?n. En 2010 sigui? aumentando, aunque a?n no consigue los m?ximos hist?ricos del bienio (1997-1998). Durante el primer trimestre de 2011, los flujos de comercio intra-MERCOSUR continuaron aumentando. Esto, pese a las tensiones existentes entre los socios de mayor tama?o dentro del grupo. EVOLUCI?N DEL COMERCIO INTRA-MCCA El comercio l entre los pa?ses del Mercado Com?n Centroamericano (MCCA),?calculado como el total de las exportaciones entre sus miembros en las exportaciones totales?, lleg? a niveles cercanos al 25% en 2008. En 2009 con la crisis internacional y tensiones geopol?ticas (crisis interna en Honduras), el comercio intrarregional descendi? dos puntos porcentuales, hasta el 23%. Tras la crisis, en 2010, las exportaciones intrarregionales volvieron a aumenta en 2010, a un ritmo similar al de las exportaciones extrarregionales.

16. ECLAC as a catalyst in regional cooperation for development Multi-sectoral forum for regional policy dialogues Follow-up to global conferences and technical support to countries in reaching regional consensus Technical secretariat and catalyst for the formulation and monitoring of regional plans of action Identification and analysis of emerging development issues and placing them as priorities on the regional policy agenda Promotion of South-South cooperation and harmonization of good practices through capacity building Development of regional observatories for comparative analysis and exchange of experience Promotion of inter-agency cooperation at the regional level Multi-sectoral forum for regional policy dialogues Follow-up to global conferences and technical support to countries for formulating regional positions (UNFCCC, Rio+20, Financing for Development) Technical secretariat and catalyst for the formulation and monitoring of regional plans of action (eLAC 2015 on information society, 2021 Ibero-American educational goals, etc.) Identification and analysis of emerging development issues and placing them as priorities on the regional policy agenda Promotion of South-South cooperation and harmonization of good practices through capacity building (in social programmes, economics of climate change, population census, disaster evaluation and recovery plans) Development of regional observatories for comparative analysis and exchange of experience (on gender, fiscal policies, policies and measures to tackle the recent economic and financial crises etc.) Promotion of inter-agency cooperation at the regional level (e.g. monitoring of progress towards the MDGs within the RCM) Multi-sectoral forum for regional policy dialogues Follow-up to global conferences and technical support to countries for formulating regional positions (UNFCCC, Rio+20, Financing for Development) Technical secretariat and catalyst for the formulation and monitoring of regional plans of action (eLAC 2015 on information society, 2021 Ibero-American educational goals, etc.) Identification and analysis of emerging development issues and placing them as priorities on the regional policy agenda Promotion of South-South cooperation and harmonization of good practices through capacity building (in social programmes, economics of climate change, population census, disaster evaluation and recovery plans) Development of regional observatories for comparative analysis and exchange of experience (on gender, fiscal policies, policies and measures to tackle the recent economic and financial crises etc.) Promotion of inter-agency cooperation at the regional level (e.g. monitoring of progress towards the MDGs within the RCM)

17. Support for high-level fora La CEPAL ha apoyado varias instancias de coordinaci?n regional, incluida la Cumbre de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe sobre integraci?n y desarrollo convocada por el Gobierno del Brasil (16-17 Dic 2008). Para esa ocasi?n, elabor? el documento Crisis internacional y oportunidades para la cooperaci?n regional.?Tambi?n contribuy? a la discusi?n sobre pol?ticas al m?s alto nivel mediante la preparaci?n de los principales documentos sustantivos para las deliberaciones de las Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de 2008 y 2009 donde se presentaron las siguientes publicaciones: XVIII Cumbre San Salvador, octubre, 2008; Espacios iberoamericanos: la econom?a del conocimiento; Juventud y cohesi?n social en Iberoam?rica: un modelo para armar; El Arco del Pac?fico Latinoamericano y su proyecci?n a Asia-Pac?fico. ?XIX Cumbre (Estoril), 30 nov y 1 dic 2009):Innovar para crecer: desaf?os y oportunidades para el desarrollo sostenible e inclusivo en Iberoam?rica. La CEPAL particip? activamente en la VCumbre de las Am?ricas (Puerto Espa?a, 2009), a la que present? los documentos:?Cumbre de las Am?ricas 1994-2009. Indicadores Seleccionados; ?La reacci?n de los gobiernos de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe frente a la crisis internacional: una presentaci?n sint?tica de las medidas? Como continuaci?n de esa Cumbre, la CEPAL fue sede de la 1? reuni?n de expertos de ministerios de hacienda de seguimiento de la Cumbre sobre integraci?n y desarrollo y un mes m?s tarde present? el documento Las repercusiones de la crisis en los pa?ses de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe a la segunda Reuni?n de Ministros de Hacienda de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe, celebrada en Vi?a del Mar, el 3 jul 2009. El apoyo t?cnico de CEPAL al Grupo de R?o (22 pa?ses) contribuy? a la elaboraci?n de una postura com?n sobre temas relacionados al financiamiento del desarrollo. El fuerte compromiso de los pa?ses para enfrentar los desaf?os del financiamiento para el desarrollo se tradujo en solicitudes de apoyo t?cnico del Grupo de R?o a la CEPAL parar hacerse cargo de la preparaci?n regional de la Conferencia internacional de seguimiento sobre la financiaci?n para el desarrollo encargada de examinar la aplicaci?n del Consenso de Monterrey (Doha, nov 2008). Con respecto a las relaciones con la regi?n de Asia y el Pac?fico, la CEPAL present? varios documentos a la decimosexta reuni?n de los l?deres del Foro de Cooperaci?n Econ?mica Asia-Pac?fico (APEC) (Lima, 23 nov 2008) y al cuarto y quinto Foro ministerial del Arco del Pac?fico Latinoamericano (ver detalle en siguiente en el slide de logros de la dimensi?n econ?mica). La CEPAL continu? cumpliendo un papel importante en el debate sobre las pol?ticas p?blicas en Am?rica Latina y el Caribe, y plante? temas emergentes que luego se incorporaron a la agenda pol?tica de la regi?n, sirviendo como Secretar?a T?cnica de diversos foros regionales. Al final de esta presentaci?n las delegaciones de cada uno de estos foros realizar?n una breve presentaci?n de los principales resultados del bienio en cada uno de estos foros. A trav?s de esta funci?n de Secretar?a T?cnica permite a la CEPAL apoyar el a los pa?ses en dar seguimiento e implementar los planes de acci?n a nivel regional derivados de los ?rganos subsidiarios (por ejemplo del Consenso de Quito) y de otras instancias (eLAC 2010). La CEPAL ha apoyado varias instancias de coordinaci?n regional, incluida la Cumbre de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe sobre integraci?n y desarrollo convocada por el Gobierno del Brasil (16-17 Dic 2008). Para esa ocasi?n, elabor? el documento Crisis internacional y oportunidades para la cooperaci?n regional.?Tambi?n contribuy? a la discusi?n sobre pol?ticas al m?s alto nivel mediante la preparaci?n de los principales documentos sustantivos para las deliberaciones de las Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de 2008 y 2009 donde se presentaron las siguientes publicaciones: XVIII Cumbre San Salvador, octubre, 2008; Espacios iberoamericanos: la econom?a del conocimiento; Juventud y cohesi?n social en Iberoam?rica: un modelo para armar; El Arco del Pac?fico Latinoamericano y su proyecci?n a Asia-Pac?fico. ?XIX Cumbre (Estoril), 30 nov y 1 dic 2009):Innovar para crecer: desaf?os y oportunidades para el desarrollo sostenible e inclusivo en Iberoam?rica. La CEPAL particip? activamente en la VCumbre de las Am?ricas (Puerto Espa?a, 2009), a la que present? los documentos:?Cumbre de las Am?ricas 1994-2009. Indicadores Seleccionados; ?La reacci?n de los gobiernos de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe frente a la crisis internacional: una presentaci?n sint?tica de las medidas? Como continuaci?n de esa Cumbre, la CEPAL fue sede de la 1? reuni?n de expertos de ministerios de hacienda de seguimiento de la Cumbre sobre integraci?n y desarrollo y un mes m?s tarde present? el documento Las repercusiones de la crisis en los pa?ses de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe a la segunda Reuni?n de Ministros de Hacienda de Am?rica Latina y el Caribe, celebrada en Vi?a del Mar, el 3 jul 2009. El apoyo t?cnico de CEPAL al Grupo de R?o (22 pa?ses) contribuy? a la elaboraci?n de una postura com?n sobre temas relacionados al financiamiento del desarrollo. El fuerte compromiso de los pa?ses para enfrentar los desaf?os del financiamiento para el desarrollo se tradujo en solicitudes de apoyo t?cnico del Grupo de R?o a la CEPAL parar hacerse cargo de la preparaci?n regional de la Conferencia internacional de seguimiento sobre la financiaci?n para el desarrollo encargada de examinar la aplicaci?n del Consenso de Monterrey (Doha, nov 2008). Con respecto a las relaciones con la regi?n de Asia y el Pac?fico, la CEPAL present? varios documentos a la decimosexta reuni?n de los l?deres del Foro de Cooperaci?n Econ?mica Asia-Pac?fico (APEC) (Lima, 23 nov 2008) y al cuarto y quinto Foro ministerial del Arco del Pac?fico Latinoamericano (ver detalle en siguiente en el slide de logros de la dimensi?n econ?mica). La CEPAL continu? cumpliendo un papel importante en el debate sobre las pol?ticas p?blicas en Am?rica Latina y el Caribe, y plante? temas emergentes que luego se incorporaron a la agenda pol?tica de la regi?n, sirviendo como Secretar?a T?cnica de diversos foros regionales. Al final de esta presentaci?n las delegaciones de cada uno de estos foros realizar?n una breve presentaci?n de los principales resultados del bienio en cada uno de estos foros. A trav?s de esta funci?n de Secretar?a T?cnica permite a la CEPAL apoyar el a los pa?ses en dar seguimiento e implementar los planes de acci?n a nivel regional derivados de los ?rganos subsidiarios (por ejemplo del Consenso de Quito) y de otras instancias (eLAC 2010).

18. Final messages Regional cooperation is essential for an effective strengthening of the Development Pillar of the UN While there is great potential in MICs to enhance regional cooperation, it is essential to achieved progress in MDG 8: Global partnership for development Regional Commissions play key roles and complement the regional offices of global UN entities: Catalizing regional and sub-regional cooperation Enhancing coherence between the regional institutional landscape and global processess


Other Related Presentations

Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro