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INITIATIVES FOR OFFICE & PUBLIC INSTITUTION SANITATION FOR IMPROVING EFFICENCY Suchitwa Mission Local Self Government Department Government of Kerala PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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INITIATIVES FOR OFFICE & PUBLIC INSTITUTION SANITATION FOR IMPROVING EFFICENCY Suchitwa Mission Local Self Government Department Government of Kerala www.sanitation.kerala.gov.in. Sanitation. Sanitation refers to way of life expressed through. Personal hygiene

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INITIATIVES FOR OFFICE & PUBLIC INSTITUTION SANITATION FOR IMPROVING EFFICENCY Suchitwa Mission Local Self Government Department Government of Kerala

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INITIATIVES

FOR

OFFICE & PUBLIC INSTITUTION SANITATION

FOR

IMPROVING EFFICENCY

Suchitwa Mission

Local Self Government Department

Government of Kerala

www.sanitation.kerala.gov.in


Sanitation

Sanitation refers to way of life expressed through

  • Personal hygiene

  • Safe disposal of human excreta

  • 3. Safe handling of drinking water

  • 4. Liquid waste management

  • 5. Solid waste management

  • 6. Home sanitation and food hygiene

  • 7. Office / Institution hygiene

  • 8.Community environmental sanitation

for better health and environment


Retention Time of Microorganisms


OFFICE SANITATION SELF EVALUATION & ACTION

Social Audit 15- 01-2010


OFFICE SANITATION Action Components


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

1.Environmental Upkeep of Premise


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

2. Toilets / Urinals


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

3. Waste Management Facilities- (Liquid waste)


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

4.Waste Management Facilities- (Solid Waste)


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

5.Availability of Drinking Water


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

6.Beautification


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

7.Keeping of Office Records / Record Room


OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

8.Front Office / Information Centre


Technological Options


Black Water Treatment / Disposal Options

TOILET

Low Cost

on-Site sanitation

( Pit )

SEWERAGE

SEWAGE

TREATMENT

PLANT

SOAK

PIT

SEPTIC TANK


Simple Pit Toilet


EXCRETA DISPOSAL

Twin Pit Ventilated Improved Latrine

  • One pit at a time

  • One year for one pit

  • Clearing content after one year

  • Alternating cycle of operation


EXCRETA DISPOSAL

  • Twin Pit Water Seal Toilet

    It is a complete excreta disposal system

    It has

    • Water Closet Pan

    • Water Seal and Trap

    • Junction Chamber

    • Drain Pipes

    • Leach Pits

  • Single Pit Water

    Seal Toilet

    • Water Closet Pan

    • Water Seal and Trap

    • Junction Chamber

    • Drain Pipes

    • Leach Pits


GREY WATER DISPOSAL


Classification of Wastes according to their Properties

  • Bio – degradable

    Can be degraded

  • Non – degradable

    Cannot be degraded


Segregation of Waste at Point of Source

Organic Waste

Kerosene can, petrol can, battery

Tube lights, photographic materials

Plastic, glass, metal

Paper, wood, etc


Solid Waste Strorage

  • Segregation at Source

    Awareness

    • Biodegradable in green plastic bucket of 10 -50 litre

    • non – degradableWhite bin of 15 -50 litre


Solid Waste Management at Source

  • Segregated storage

  • Management of biodegradable waste

  • Storage & Hand Over of non biodegradable waste

  • Storage & Hand Over ofhazardous waste


Treatment of Biodegradable Waste

Composting

  • Aerobic

  • Anaerobic (Pit / Ring)

  • Biogas Plant


100 cm

100 cm

100 cm

PIT COMPOSTING


Pit Method

Two pits of 1m x 1m x 1m

Single layer of broken bricks at bottom

Ridge with mud at the periphery of pit

Contd……..

AnaerobicComposting


Biogas Plants

  • Institutional Level


Types of biogas Plants

Biogas

  • Floating Dome

    KVIC / Pragati

  • Fixed Dome

    Janata / Deenabandhu / Chinese


Biogas Plant

Anaerobic decomposition of waste to produce Bio gas – methane & CO2


Biogas


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