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INITIATIVES FOR OFFICE & PUBLIC INSTITUTION SANITATION FOR IMPROVING EFFICENCY Suchitwa Mission Local Self Government Department Government of Kerala www.sanitation.kerala.gov.in. Sanitation. Sanitation refers to way of life expressed through. Personal hygiene

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INITIATIVES

FOR

OFFICE & PUBLIC INSTITUTION SANITATION

FOR

IMPROVING EFFICENCY

Suchitwa Mission

Local Self Government Department

Government of Kerala

www.sanitation.kerala.gov.in


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Sanitation

Sanitation refers to way of life expressed through

  • Personal hygiene

  • Safe disposal of human excreta

  • 3. Safe handling of drinking water

  • 4. Liquid waste management

  • 5. Solid waste management

  • 6. Home sanitation and food hygiene

  • 7. Office / Institution hygiene

  • 8.Community environmental sanitation

for better health and environment



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OFFICE SANITATION SELF EVALUATION & ACTION

Social Audit 15- 01-2010


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OFFICE SANITATION Action Components


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

1.Environmental Upkeep of Premise


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

2. Toilets / Urinals


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

3. Waste Management Facilities- (Liquid waste)


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

4.Waste Management Facilities- (Solid Waste)


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

5.Availability of Drinking Water


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

6.Beautification


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

7.Keeping of Office Records / Record Room


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OFFICE SANITATION ACTION PLAN- Check List

8.Front Office / Information Centre



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Black Water Treatment / Disposal Options

TOILET

Low Cost

on-Site sanitation

( Pit )

SEWERAGE

SEWAGE

TREATMENT

PLANT

SOAK

PIT

SEPTIC TANK



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EXCRETA DISPOSAL

Twin Pit Ventilated Improved Latrine

  • One pit at a time

  • One year for one pit

  • Clearing content after one year

  • Alternating cycle of operation


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EXCRETA DISPOSAL

  • Twin Pit Water Seal Toilet

    It is a complete excreta disposal system

    It has

    • Water Closet Pan

    • Water Seal and Trap

    • Junction Chamber

    • Drain Pipes

    • Leach Pits

  • Single Pit Water

    Seal Toilet

    • Water Closet Pan

    • Water Seal and Trap

    • Junction Chamber

    • Drain Pipes

    • Leach Pits



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Classification of Wastes according to their Properties

  • Bio – degradable

    Can be degraded

  • Non – degradable

    Cannot be degraded


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Segregation of Waste at Point of Source

Organic Waste

Kerosene can, petrol can, battery

Tube lights, photographic materials

Plastic, glass, metal

Paper, wood, etc


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Solid Waste Strorage

  • Segregation at Source

    Awareness

    • Biodegradable in green plastic bucket of 10 -50 litre

    • non – degradableWhite bin of 15 -50 litre


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Solid Waste Management at Source

  • Segregated storage

  • Management of biodegradable waste

  • Storage & Hand Over of non biodegradable waste

  • Storage & Hand Over ofhazardous waste


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Treatment of Biodegradable Waste

Composting

  • Aerobic

  • Anaerobic (Pit / Ring)

  • Biogas Plant


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100 cm

100 cm

100 cm

PIT COMPOSTING


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Pit Method

Two pits of 1m x 1m x 1m

Single layer of broken bricks at bottom

Ridge with mud at the periphery of pit

Contd……..

AnaerobicComposting


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Biogas Plants

  • Institutional Level


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Types of biogas Plants

Biogas

  • Floating Dome

    KVIC / Pragati

  • Fixed Dome

    Janata / Deenabandhu / Chinese


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Biogas Plant

Anaerobic decomposition of waste to produce Bio gas – methane & CO2



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