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Motion Pictures PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Motion Pictures cultural reflections Early History of Film Silent Films created a suspension of disbelief Used as narratives Examples Luminere Brothers in Europe 1895 (elite) Thomas Edison 1896 (masses) Classic Films A Trip to the Moon (1902) Special effects

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Motion Pictures

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Motion pictures l.jpg

Motion Pictures

cultural reflections


Early history of film l.jpg

Early History of Film

Silent Films

  • created a suspension of disbelief

  • Used as narratives

Examples

  • Luminere Brothers in Europe 1895 (elite)

  • Thomas Edison 1896 (masses)


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Classic Films

  • A Trip to the Moon (1902) Special effects

  • The Great Train Robbery (1903) Storytelling

  • Birth of a Nation (1915)

    Most expensive film produced to date ($110,000)


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The strong impact of movies

  • Creates a dreamlike image or idea

  • Atmosphere is dark with minimal distractions

  • Emotional ties to real life situations

  • Our cultural stories are created/influenced


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Early research questions the power of film

In 1920s the Payne Fund studies the affect of motion pictures on society

  • How do motion picture morals compare to U.S. moral standards?

  • Do films cause delinquency in youth?

  • How do films affect the behavior of children?

  • What were the findings?


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As a result…

The industry responded by strengthening the production codes (self-censorship) The Hayes Office

  • No immoral behavior

  • No nudity

  • No profanity

  • No skimpy dress

  • Only married people in the bedroom ( but in separate beds)

  • Some words out (God, hell, sex, guts, nuts, louse)

  • Timed kisses


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Psychological Effects

How movies work psychologically

Persistence of Vision

  • The eye retains an image

    on the retina for a fraction of

    a second after the image disappears

  • Fast changing still photos

    create an illusion of motion


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Phi Phenomenon

Max Wertheimer 1912

  • This perceptual illusion is described as one light source

    goes out… another next to it goes on

  • Looks to us like the light is moving


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International Issues

“Cultural Imperialism”

Many nations outside the U.S. are increasingly concerned about the proliferation of U.S. films

As a result:

Quotas on how much U.S. films can be shown

Consider your most memorable image of a foreigner in a Hollywood movie.


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Welcome to Bollywood…

“Bollywood” is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai based Hindi language film industry.

  • Combine music, action, romance, suspense

  • No sex or kissing but symbolic fountain bursts

  • Usually over three hours long

  • it produces 1000 films a year (twice as U.S.)


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