Inter Planetary Network (IPN). By Charles B Shah [email protected] Contents. Introduction Challenges Architecture of IPN Communication Suite Transport Layer Issues Protocol: TP Planet Protocol: RCP Planet Network Layer Issues Appendix References. Introduction. Imagine ???.
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If I say a “Hi” to you and you hear it after
9 Hours !!!!!
Earth – Jupiter : 32.7 min
Earth – Saturn : 76.7 min
Earth – Pluto : 5.5 hours
Earth – Voyager1 : 13 hours
Earth – Voyager2 : 10.4 hours.
Communication among Earth, outer-space planets, moons, satellites, relay stations, etc.
Space crafts flying in groups in deep space between planets, clusters of sensor nodes, and groups of space stations.
Satellites circling the planets provides relay services, communication & navigation services to surface elements. Includes links between orbiting satellites & links between satellite and surface elements.
Links between high power surface elements (rovers, landers, etc). Surface elements that cannot directly talk to satellites, organized in an ad hoc manner.
Although the current protocol is viable, there is a need to make the protocol stack adaptable to different environmental changes allowing integration of highly optimized regional network protocols.
This leads to the proposed Protocol by Delay Tolerant Networking Research Group (DTNRG).
Consequently, the Blackout State reduces the throughput degradation due to blackout conditions and improves the link utilization for duration of L or 2x in the cases L < 2x and L ≥2x, respectively.
An Example of using bundling for deep space communication.