Inductive Arguments. Copyright 2007 Makoto Suzuki. Review of Inductive Arguments. We will now begin our discussion of inductive arguments. Recall: the condition of a good inductive argument is cogency, i.e., the premises being all true and the argument being strong.
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Copyright 2007 Makoto Suzuki
X percentage of all F’s are G’s.
a is an F.
a is a G. (Or “a is a non-G”, when X is very small.)
"50 million Americans can’t be wrong!”
60% of the 2004 people polled voted for Bush.
60% of all voters voted for Bush.
99.5% of the sample of 6hr video tapes were over 6hrs in length.
99.5% of all of the 6hr videos are over 6hrs in length.
X percentage of observed F’s are G’s.
X percentage of all F’s are G’s.
The Encyclopedia Britannica has an article on symbiosis.
The Encyclopedia Americana, like the Britannica, is an excellent comprehensive reference work.
The Americana probably also has an article on symbiosis.
The genetic and other biological mechanisms behind skin cancer in mice and lung cancer in humans are very similar.
Tar extracted from cigarette smoke when smeared on the skin of mice in laboratories causes skin cancer.
Cigarette smoking causes lung cancer in humans.
Objects of type X have properties F, G, H, etc.
Objects of type Y have properties F, G, H, etc. and Z.
Objects of type X have property Z as well