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India 3,287,590 sq km 1.2 billion people 4 times the population of US and 2000 times that of ND 22 languages, 1650 dialects 8 major religions, other beliefs One Nation. Chronology of Indian History.

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India

3,287,590 sq km

1.2 billion people

4 times the population of US and 2000 times that of ND

22 languages, 1650 dialects

8 major religions, other beliefs

One Nation


Chronology of indian history
Chronology of Indian History

  • North – western Indian was the home of the Indus valley civilization from 2600 – 1900 BC

  • This marked the beginning of urban civilization in the sub continent

  • Next 1000 years is referred to as the Vedic age or the start of the Iron age

  • Vedas – bedrock of the majority of Indians religious belief.

  • Rig Veda – Amongst the world oldest religious text in continued use


Ancient india
Ancient India

  • Many smaller kingdoms were ruling the sub continent

  • Birth of Buddhism and Jainism

  • Later 4th and early 5th century AD was referred to as the golden rule under the Guptas

  • Southern India had its own share of smaller kingdoms


The classical age
The Classical Age

  • Southern India saw its renaissance in art and architecture

  • Art, religion and literature reached new heights of excellence

  • Many marvelous temples were constructed during this period


Islamic sultanates and mughal era
Islamic Sultanates and Mughal Era

  • Arabs- turks invaded northern India in the 12th century

  • A period of Indian cultural renaissance

  • Indo-Muslim fusion left lasting monuments in architecture, music, literature, and religion



Colonial era and the independence movement
Colonial Era and the Independence movement

  • Portuguese, Dutch, British and French all arrived for trading purposes.

  • Britishers ruled India from 1858 until 1947

  • The freedom struggle was by non violent means lead by Mahatma Gandhi

  • On 15th August 1947, India became an independent nation

  • India still is the worlds largest democracy.



Where are we now
Where are we now?

  • 60 years of independent India

  • Population has grown three folds

  • Literacy rate has grown from 12 % in 1947 to 62 % today

  • Third largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity

  • Second fastest growing major economy in the world


  • Second largest standing army in the world, 4th largest air force

  • ISRO is planning on an unmanned lunar mission in April 2008

  • Excellent facilities at affordable health care prices for critical surgeries

  • One of the worlds fastest growing aviation markets

  • Technology has grown leaps and bounds in a lot of industries


What have we given
What have we given?

  • Zero

  • 4 Nobel Laureates

  • Yoga

  • World’s biggest movie industry

  • Great food and music

  • Smart engineers, doctors and scientists

  • 17% of worlds population


When you plan to visit india
When you plan to visit India

  • Best time of the year would be during September – March

  • Everyone will find something that suits their interest be it the culture, sun, beaches, art, architecture, food etc.

  • Make sure you visit Pondicherry – beautiful beach, still existing french culture and less expensive beer

  • Make sure you at least watch one bollywood movie – that will give you instant karma


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