How to do a dbq
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How to do a DBQ. Nationalism. What a DBQ is. DBQ stands for Document Based Question. This means that the question you will ultimately answer at the end in essay form is based upon the documents you’re being given to work with.

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How to do a dbq

How to do a DBQ

Nationalism


What a dbq is

What a DBQ is

DBQ stands for Document Based Question. This means that the question you will ultimately answer at the end in essay form is based upon the documents you’re being given to work with.

A DBQ is just like a regular essay, except that you’ve been given some materials to help support your answer.


What a dbq is not

What a DBQ is not

  • DBQ is not simply a list of documents.

  • DBQ is not the answers to the scaffolding questions

  • DBQ is not BBQ misspelled.


Getting started

Getting Started

First, let’s look at the DBQ we’ve been assigned. Just look at the first page and nothing else. STOP LOOKING AT THE DOCUMENTS!!!!! I said the first page and nothing else.


The first page

The first page

A basic description of what you will be asked to do.

Part III

DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION

This question is based on the accompanying documents (1–7). The question is designed to test your

ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the purposes

of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each document and any

point of view that may be presented in the document.

Historical Context:

Nationalism is a powerful force that can have positive and negative effects on

nations and regions.

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,

answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the

questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:

• Define the term nationalism

• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific

nations and/or regions

• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more

negative impact on the people of the world

The historical context. Here to give you a little background on the topic, NOT TO BE COPIED DOWN AS YOUR INTRO!!!

The questions you need to answer


The first step

The first step

Historical Context

Nationalism is a powerful force that can have positive and negative effects on

nations and regions.

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,

answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the

questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:

• Define the term nationalism

• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific

nations and/or regions

• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more

negative impact on the people of the world

Once you’ve read the instructions and the historical context, start here.

What questions will you need to answer in order to successfully write this essay?

Click here if the first question is “What is nationalism?”

Click here if the first question is “Was nationalism a positive force?”

Click here if the first question is something else…


How to do a dbq

Not this time Keemosabi. The answer was on the board.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


How to do a dbq

Not a bad guess, we’ll use a question similar to that one later on. Click here to go back to the previous slide and try again.


Nice job

Nice Job!

Click here to put the question onto your outline and continue.


Your outline

Click here when you’re ready to move on

Your Outline

QuestionAnswerDocument/Outside Info

What is nationalism?

What:

Where:

When:

How:

Why:

Intro

Body 1

Body 2

Conc.


The next step

The next step

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,

answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the

questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:

• Define the term nationalism

• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific

nations and/or regions

• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more

negative impact on the people of the world

What questions will you need to answer next in order to successfully write this essay?

Click here if the next question is “How was nationalism positive?”

Click here if the next question is “How was nationalism negative?”

Click here if the next question is “How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific place?”


How to do a dbq

Slow down skippy, look at the task more carefully.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, you’re close. Go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


Somebody call 911 cause you re on fire

Somebody call 911’ cause you’re on fire!

Remember when it’s time to write the essay you’ll need to select positive or negative and you’ll need to select a specific nation or region.

Click here to put the question onto your outline and continue.


Your outline1

Click here when you’re ready to move on

Your Outline

QuestionAnswerDocument/Outside Info

What is nationalism?

What:

Where:

When:

How:

Why:

Intro

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 1

Body 2

Conc.


The next next step

The next next step

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,

answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the

questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:

• Define the term nationalism

• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific

nations and/or regions

• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more

negative impact on the people of the world

What questions will you need to answer next in order to successfully write this essay?

Click here if the next question is “Was nationalism more positive or negative for the world?”

Click here if the next question is “How was nationalism negative?”

Click here if the next question is “How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific place?”


Congratulations

Congratulations!

Well done, you correctly identified that little letter “S” at the end of the words nationS or regionS. It’s obvious that you know the meaning of that letter “S” and that when it appears at the end of a word you’ll need to give more than one example.

Click here to put the question onto your outline and continue.


How to do a dbq

Go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


How to do a dbq

Take it easy junior, don’t rush to the conclusion so quickly, this essay needs some body….

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


Your outline2

Click here when you’re ready to move on

Your Outline

QuestionAnswerDocument/Outside Info

What is nationalism?

What:

Where:

When:

How:

Why:

Intro

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 1

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 2

Conc.


The final first step

The final first step

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,

answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the

questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:

• Define the term nationalism

• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific

nations and/or regions

• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more

negative impact on the people of the world

What questions will you need to answer next in order to successfully write this essay?

Click here if the next question is “Was nationalism more positive or negative for the people of the world?”

Click here if the next question is “Was nationalism negative or positive?”

Click here if the next question is “Who was Otto Von Bismarck?”


Check out the big brain on brad

Check out the big brain on Brad!

Well done! You have successfully phrased your conclusion question.

Click here to put the question onto your outline and continue.


How to do a dbq

You’re close, go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


How to do a dbq

I am notorious, but I am not ze answer zis time! Mwahahahah I am ze evil genius the notorious O.V.B.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


Your outline3

Click here when you’re ready to move on

Your Outline

QuestionAnswerDocument/Outside Info

What is nationalism?

What:

Where:

When:

How:

Why:

Intro

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 1

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 2

Was nationalism a positive or negative force for the people of the world?

Conc.


Your outline is done

Your outline is done…

Click here if you need to go back to copy anything down.

Otherwise it is now time to move on. The next step is to take a minute and try to answer the questions on your own without even looking at the documents. STOP THAT! I SAID DO NOT LOOK AT THE DOCUMENTS. Go on to the next slide and follow the directions.

Click here when you’re done.


Time to brainstorm

Time to brainstorm

Brainstorming is taking a second to organize what you know about a topic before moving on. This essay wants you to focus on nationalism and its positive and negative effects. Take a minute and make a chart like the one below and fill it in as much as you can in four minutes. MAKE SURE YOU LABEL THE LIST, something like “Brainstorming list” would be fine.

Elements of nationalism

Positive effects of nationalism

Negative effects of nationalism

Once you’ve completed your chart click here to move on.


Brainstorm chart

Brainstorm Chart

Hopefully you got a few things for each column. In case you didn’t I’ll give you a couple now for starters.

Elements of nationalism

Positive effects of nationalism

Negative effects of nationalism

  • People who share common language, religion and history

  • Common geography

  • Unites people

  • Brings countries together like Germany and Italy

  • Helped keep the Jews united as a people throughout the centuries

  • Can lead to racism (Holocaust, Arab-Israeli conflict)

  • Can start wars (Franco-Prussian War, World War I)

  • Can break up countries (Austria-Hungary)

Add my items to your list and click here to move on.


Now you can look at the documents

Now you can look at the documents

(Well it’s about time this is a DBQ after all)

But before you do, one simple rule…. Read everything. The text introducing the document, the document itself and that little line underneath the document that tells you who wrote the document and when. Read it all!

Click here to move on to document #1


Document 1

Document #1

. . . Therefore, if we so ardently desire the emancipation [unification] of Italy — if we

declare that in the face of this great question all the petty questions that divide us must be silenced— it is not only that we may see our country glorious and powerful but that above all we may elevate her in intelligence and moral development up to the plane of the most civilized nations. . . .

— Camillo di Cavour, 1846

Question #1

1 According to Camillo di Cavour, what would be one positive result of Italian unification? [1]

Click here if the answer is “all the petty questions would be silenced”

Click here if the answer is Italy's intelligence and moral development would be equal to that of the most civilized nations.

Click here if the answer is that “Italians would have their own country.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, but answering a scaffolding question is more than just picking out a piece of the document to copy. Think about a possible answer to the question and then look for that answer in the document. Click here to go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


How to do a dbq

That is true, but look for something in the document that will give Italians a reason to want to unify.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


Seldom wrong and right again

Seldom wrong and right again!

Well done, you understood that Cavour was saying that a unified Italy would take its rightful place amongst the great nations of the world.

Now decide, is this document refers to a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of document this is.


If you said positive effect of nationalism

If you said positive effect of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

Cavour is speaking about the good things that will happen to Italy so take a second and label the document with the following note.

Positive effect of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


Document 2

Document #2

2A) According to Map A, how did nationalism affect the German states?

2B) According to Map B, how did nationalism affect the Austro–Hungarian Empire?

Click here if the answers are “By unifying Austria and destroying Germany”.

Click here if the answers are “By unifying Germany and destroying Austria”.

Click here if the answer is “Germany was lucky while Austria Hungary was cold.”


How to do a dbq

Not bad, but I think you may have flipped around the answer. Click here to go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


How to do a dbq

Go back and take another look. Read the questions more carefully.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


I don t know how you do it

I don’t know how you do it!

Well done, you correctly analyzed the two pictures.

Now decide, if these documents illustrate a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of a document this is.


If you said both positive and negative effects of nationalism

If you said both positive and negative effects of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

The maps show opposite results of nationalism. In Germany nationalism was clearly positive, while the Austro-Hungarian Emperor would probably think nationalism destroyed his Empire.

Document 2A Positive effect of nationalism

Document 2B Negative effect of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


Document 3

Document #3

3A) How does passage A express Israeli nationalism?

3B) How does passage B express Palestinian nationalism?

Click here if you think both passages express nationalism by referring to the history of the specific peoples.

Click here if you think both passages express nationalism by referring to the common language of the specific peoples.

Click here if you think both passages refer to the specific peoples controlling the land.


How to do a dbq

Go back and take another look. Read the questions more carefully.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


You must be the king of the world

You must be the King of the World!

Well done, you correctly analyzed the two readings.

Now decide, if these documents illustrate a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of a document this is.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, but I think you need to reread the documents more carefully. Click here to go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


If you said elements of nationalism

If you said elements of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

The two national anthems both express the desire for self-determination by the Jewish and Palestinian people based on their common land and history.

Document 3A Element of nationalism

Document 3B Element of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


Document 4

Document #4

4) Identify one expression of Chinese nationalism in this passage.

Click here if you think the document expresses Chinese nationalism by advocating (urging) the killing of Christian converts.

Click here if you think the document expresses Chinese nationalism by rejoicing in the common language of the Chinese people.

Click here if you think the document expresses Chinese nationalism by celebrating the common cultural heritage of the Chinese.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, but I think you need to read the document more carefully. Click here to go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, but I think you need to read the document more carefully. The author does not mention the common language of the Chinese. Click here to go back to the previous slide and read the task more carefully.


How to do a dbq

Go back and take another look. Read the document more carefully. The author does not mention much about the common heritage of the Chinese.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


Are these questions too easy for you

Are these questions too easy for you?

This was a tricky one. By advocating the killing of Christian converts the author is appealing to the common religion and ancestry of the Chinese nation.

Now decide if these documents illustrate a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of a document this is.


If you said elements of nationalism1

If you said elements of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

Even though you could say the killing of people over religion is a negative expression of nationalism (and you’d be correct in saying that) the author is using religion (an element of nationalism) to create national unity. You can use this document to illustrate either point, however, it is intended to discuss the elements of nationalism.

Document 4 Element of nationalism

or

Negative effect of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


Document 5

Document #5

5) Based on the document, identify one criticism Gandhi expressed about British rule.

Click here if you think Gandhi is saying that the British are taking the resources of India

Click here if you think Gandhi is saying that Britain has made a virtual slave out of India.

Click here if you think Gandhi is saying that he is grateful for British rule.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, but I think you need to reread the document more carefully. Your selection is correct, but Gandhi does not mention resources in the document.


You must have satellite t v up on that igloo of yours

You must have satellite T.V. up on that igloo of yours!

Gandhi is listing many complaints against the British, making India into a virtual slave is just one. Gandhi also says British rule is making India poor, the best government jobs go only to the British and that the British are disrespectful of the Indians amongst other things.

Now decide if this document illustrates a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of a document this is.


How to do a dbq

Go back and take another look. Read the document and the question more carefully.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


If you said negative effect of nationalism

If you said negative effect of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

Gandhi is an Indian living in India under British rule; he truly sees the dark underside of imperialism and what it is like to live under the rule of another nation.

Document 5 Negative effect of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


Document 6

Document #6

6) According to these maps, how did nationalism affect the continent of Africa between 1952 and 1975?

Click here if you think nationalism affected the map of Africa because many nations changed their national anthems between 1952 and 1975.

Click here if you think nationalism affected the map of Africa by the removal of all of the European languages

Click here if you think nationalism affected the map of Africa by the removal of the European powers and the independence of many new African nations.


How to do a dbq

Be careful. Try to avoid answer using words like “always” and “never.” Also there is no information on the map specifically about languages. Try again.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


How to do a dbq

Not bad, it is true that many of the new (hint keyword “new”) African nations changed their national anthems, that information is not available on the map. Reread the choices and make a selection based upon the document.


Who cares about the rain you re walking on sunshine

Who cares about the rain, you’re walking on sunshine!

The end of European imperialism meant independence for all the former colonies in Africa. This map shows Africa prior to de-colonization and its immediate results.

Now decide if this document illustrates a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of a document this is.


If you said positive effect of nationalism1

If you said positive effect of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

The end of imperialism and the birth of all these new nations in Africa is a good thing. Remember one of the goals of nationalism is self-determination.

Document 6 Positive effect of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


Document 7

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Document #7

Based on this document, identify two examples of nationalistic conflict.

Based on this document, identify one cause of these nationalistic conflicts.

Click here if you think the conflicts are listed in lines 3-5 and the causes are listed in lines 8 and 9.

Click here if you think the conflicts are listed in lines 1-3 and the causes are listed in lines 6 and 7.

Click here if you think the conflicts are listed in lines 8-10 and the causes are listed in lines 2 & 3.


How to do a dbq

Be careful. Reread the document more carefully this time. Try again.

Click here to go back to the previous slide.


How to do a dbq

You have shown an uncanny ability to deductively reason and demonstrated an uncommon perspicacity, in other words you’re mad smart yo!

Now decide if this document illustrates a positive effect of nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision and click below.

Click here once you’ve assessed what type of a document this is.


If you said negative effect of nationalism1

If you said negative effect of nationalism…

You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!

Nationalism has created ethnic conflicts through out the world. Document seven lists only a handful of the ethnic conflicts and it only scratches the surface of the causes of those conflicts.

Document 7 Negative effect of nationalism

Click here once you’ve labeled the document to move on.


You re done with the docs

You’re done with the Docs.

Before you say good-bye to the document package, lets just make sure you’ve done everything you were supposed to do…

Noted each document as a positive effect, a negative effect or element of nationalism.

Answered all of the scaffolding questions.

This is no time for a picnic, we’ve still got work to do!


We re almost ready to write

We’re almost ready to write

Now take out the outside information brainstorming list we made before. It should look something like this.

Elements of nationalism

Positive effects of nationalism

Negative effects of nationalism

  • People who share common language, religion and history

  • Common geography

  • Unites people

  • Brings counties together like Germany and Italy

  • Helped keep the Jews united as a people throughout the centuries

  • Can lead to racism (Holocaust, Arab-Israeli conflict)

  • Can start wars (Franco-Prussian War, World War I)

  • Can break up countries (Austria-Hungary)


Update your brainstorm chart

Update your Brainstorm Chart

#1 Take out all those notes you made on the documents and add them where they belong.

(for example click here)

Elements of nationalism

Positive effects of nationalism

Negative effects of nationalism

  • People who share common language, religion and history

  • Common geography

  • Unites people

  • Brings counties together like Germany and Italy

  • Helped keep the Jews united as a people throughout the centuries

  • Can lead to racism (Holocaust, Arab-Israeli conflict)

  • Can start wars (Franco-Prussian War, World War I)

  • Can break up countries (Austria-Hungary)


Update your brainstorm chart 2

Update your Brainstorm Chart #2

However now we have to cross off our old #3 under “Elements of nationalism unless we can make it more specific because our new #3 under “Positive effects of nationalism” covers it. Take a minute and update your chart using the information from the documents.

Elements of nationalism

Positive effects of nationalism

Negative effects of nationalism

  • People who share common language, religion and history

  • Common geography

  • Unites people

  • Brings counties together like Germany and Italy

  • Helped keep the Jews united as a people throughout the centuries

  • Can lead to racism (Holocaust, Arab-Israeli conflict)

  • Can start wars (Franco-Prussian War, World War I)

  • Can break up countries (Austria-Hungary)

  • Unification will unite the Italians and make them great (DOC #1)

Click here when you’re done


I said update your chart

I said update your chart…

And I meant it, sure you could just click the button and move ahead to the next slide, but what would you really learn? Use this opportunity. Make your own list, then click ahead and compare your list to the one that I came up with. Once you’re really sure that you’ve completed your brainstorming chart click the link at the bottom of the page.

When you’re ready click here to move on.


Your new brainstorm list should look like this

Elements of nationalism

Positive effects of nationalism

Negative effects of nationalism

  • People who share common language, religion and history

  • Common geography

  • Unites people

  • Jewish and Palestinian Self determination based upon common history and land (Doc #3)

  • Common religion creates a nation (Doc#4)

  • Brings counties together like Germany and Italy

  • Helped keep the Jews united as a people throughout the centuries

  • Can lead to racism (Holocaust, Arab-Israeli conflict killing of Christian converts in China (Doc4) and many others listed in Doc#7

  • Can start wars (Franco-Prussian War, World War I)

  • Can break up countries (Austria-Hungary) Doc#2B

  • Britain disrespects and exploits the Indian people Doc#5

  • Unification will unite the Italians and make them great (DOC #1)

  • Nationalism can create new countries (Doc 2A)

  • Self-determination for African nations after Imperialism Doc#6

Your new brainstorm list should look like this…

Doesn’t look like we did too well with the brainstorming. All we’re left with is the definition of nationalism (Elements #1) and the fact that nationalism has started wars like the Franco-Prussian War (Negative #2). Hopefully you put down some other information on your own.


We re almost there

We’re almost there…

Brainstorm list

Now decide which sections of your brainstorm list best help you answer the essay question and take that information from your brainstorm list and add it to the corresponding section of your outline.

Your Outline


Your outline4

Your Outline

QuestionAnswerDocument/Outside Info

Complete your outline based on your brainstorm list, show it to your teacher and begin writing. As you write your essay remember to correctly cite documents and outside information and introduce each document as you use it. What type of a document is it (cartoon, reading, speech, chart etc.), who wrote it, or said it. If you need further instructions refer to the page on “How to Write a DBQ” under “My Resources” at www.myteacherpages.com/webpages/sstein

What is nationalism?

What:

Where:

When:

How:

Why:

Intro

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 1

How was nationalism positive (or negative) for a specific region?

Body 2

Was nationalism a positive or negative force for the people of the world?

Conc.

Hit Esc to end show


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