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Overview of OSHA’s Young Worker Initiative. Elise Handelman, Director Office of Occupational Health Nursing Directorate of Science, Technology and Medicine Occupational Safety & Health Administration. Small Business Forum June 26, 2008. Technical Session 7. Session Purpose.

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Overview of OSHA’s

Young Worker Initiative

Elise Handelman, Director

Office of Occupational Health Nursing

Directorate of Science, Technology and Medicine

Occupational Safety & Health Administration

Small Business Forum

June 26, 2008

Technical Session 7


Session Purpose

Describe OSHA’s Young Worker Initiative

  • Injury/Illness and fatality rates

  • Young employee characteristics

  • Control measures

  • Employer prevention strategies

  • Resources



  • The Law

  • The Agencies

  • The Research

Most teens work before they re 18

Most teens work before they’re 18

75-80% of teens report that they’ve held jobs before completing high school

15- to 17-year-olds with jobs work an average of

18 hours per week during school months &

23 hours per week during summer months

Current Population Survey, 2006; Institute of Medicine, 1998


Photos by: Rebecca Letz

Labor Occupational Health Program

University of California Berkeley

Teen injuries

Teen Worker Injury Experience*

Teen injuries

Teen work

* Institute of Medicine, 1998


Rates* by Age of Work-related Nonfatal Injuries & Illnesses Treated in ED 1999


*National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS); Rates are per 100 FTE

Teen worker injury experience emergency department 1999

Teen Worker Injury ExperienceEmergency Department 1999*

  • Cuts 30%

  • Contusions 16%

  • Sprains 13%

  • Burns 5%

  • Fractures 4%

* NEISS; N= 84,000

Seriousness of injury

Teen Worker Injury Experience

Seriousness of injury

15% - 44% of injured teens who receive workers’ compensation* have been found to suffer permanent



Eric, 18, spinal cord injury

sustained from car crash

* Maryland Occupational Safety & Health, 2006

Teen worker injury experience

Teen Worker Injury Experience


A teen is injured every seven minutes on the job

Teens get injured doing common potentially hazardous tasks

Teen Worker Injury Experience

Teens get injured doing common potentially hazardous tasks:

Using cutting &/or non-powered hand tools

Handling hot liquids & grease

Working around cooking appliances

Continuous manual lifting of heavy objects

Teens get injured doing common potentially hazardous tasks1

Teen Worker Injury Experience

Teens get injured doing common potentially hazardous tasks:

Working late at night or alone

Operating tractors or heavy machinery

Driving or working around motor vehicle

Working near electrical hazards while using ladders, poles, etc

Fatality rates 10 5 fte 1994 2003

Fatality Rates*/105 FTE 1994-2003

Age (years)

* Rate for 15 year olds is for 1994-2004

Windau & Meyer. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries reported in Monthly Labor Review; Oct 05

Industry distribution of work injury deaths 1992 2000

Industry Distribution of Work Injury Deaths*, 1992-2000

Percent (%)

* Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Work related injury death events 1992 2000

Work-related Injury Death Events*, 1992-2000

Percent (%)

* Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Adolescent development or teens are not just small adults

Adolescent Development(or “Teens are not just small adults”)

  • Different patterns of work

  • Minimal work experience

  • Differences in size, development, maturity, and judgment

Adolescent development

Adolescent Development

  • Positive attributes:

    • High energy, enthusiastic, willing to learn, eager to please, seek adult approval

    • Encourage not exploit, “can-do” attitude

  • Risk-taking behavior

    • Explore, experiment, and learn

  • Lack sense of vulnerability

  • Workplace as an adult setting



  • Collaboration

  • Outreach to

    • Teens

    • Employers

    • Parents

    • Teachers/counselors

Child labor laws

Child Labor Laws

  • Afford protections from certain tasks and work hours


OSHA Teen Workers



OSHA Teen Workers

Residential construction

Residential Construction

Teen summer job safety campaign

Teen Summer Job Safety Campaign



  • Department of Labor

    • Job Corp

    • OSHA

    • Wage and Hour Division/ESA

  • Department of Agriculture

  • Department of Commerce

  • Department of Education

  • Department of Transportation

  • Environmental Protection Agency

  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

  • Housing and Urban Development

  • National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  • National Labor Relations Board



  • http://www.osha.gov/

  • http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/teenworkers/index.html

  • Office of Occupational Health Nursing


The fair labor standards act s youth employment provisions

The Fair Labor Standards Act’sYouth Employment Provisions

Presented by the

U.S. Department of Labor

Wage and Hour Division



Federal youth employment rules

FederalYouth Employment Rules

  • The Federal Youth Employment Provisions were enacted to ensure that when young people work, the work is safe, positive, and complements the educational process

  • These rules can serve as a platform from which young workers can explore—not entirely free from risk—the “World of Work”



Times when 14 and 15 year olds may work

Times When 14- and15-Year-Olds May Work

  • Between 7 AM and 7 PM; or

  • Between 7 AM and 9 PM from June 1 through Labor Day; and

  • Outside school hours



Hours that 14 and 15 year olds may work

Hours that 14 and 15 Year-Olds May Work

  • No more than 3 hours on a school day, including Fridays

  • No more than 18 hours during a week when school is in session

  • No more than 8 hours on a non-school day

  • No more than 40 hours during a week when school is not in session



Retail service jobs 14 and 15 year olds may do

Retail & Service Jobs 14- and 15-Year-Olds May Do

  • Cashiering and selling

  • Price marking, assembling orders, packing

  • Office and clerical work

  • Bagging groceries

  • Hand washing cars

  • Cooking with electric or gas grills that does not entail cooking over an open flame



14 and 15 year olds may not perform work in occuupations that involve

14- and 15-Year-Olds MayNot perform work in occuupations that involve:

  • Manufacturing and Mining

  • The operation of power-driven equipment

  • Transportation and Communications*

  • Warehousing and storage*

  • Most processing* occupations

  • Construction*

    * Exceptions apply for office work



Hazardous orders ho most teens encounter

Hazardous Orders (HO) Most Teens Encounter

  • HO 2- Driving a motor vehicle and being an outside helper

  • HO 5- Power-driven wood working machines

  • HO 7- Power-driven hoisting apparatus including forklifts

  • HO 8- Power-driven metal forming, punching, and shearing machines

  • HO 10-Meat packing or processing, including operating and cleaning power-driven meat slicers

  • HO 11- Power-driven bakery machines, including vertical dough mixers

  • HO 12- Power-driven paper products machines including loading, operating and unloading balers and compactors

  • HO 14- Power-driven circular saws, band saws, and guillotine shears

  • HO 15- Wrecking, demolition, and ship-breaking operations

  • HO 16- Roofing operations and all work on or about a roof

  • HO 17- Excavating operations



Exceptions and exemptions

Exceptions and Exemptions

  • Casual babysitting, newspaper delivery, modeling and acting

  • Parental exception

  • Apprentices

  • Student Learners



Additional information

Additional Information

  • www.youthrules.dol.gov

  • Visit the WHD homepage at: www.wagehour.dol.gov

  • Call the WHD toll-free information and helpline at 1-866-487-9243

  • Use the DOL interactive advisor system - ELAWS (Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses) at: www.dol.gov/elaws

  • Contact the nearest Wage and Hour Division Office





  • This presentation is intended as general information only and does not carry the force of legal opinion.

  • The Department of Labor is providing this information as a public service. This information and related materials are presented to give the public access to information on Department of Labor programs. You should be aware that, while we try to keep the information timely and accurate, there will often be a delay between official publications of the materials and the modification of these pages. Therefore, we make no express or implied guarantees. The Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations remain the official source for regulatory information published by the Department of Labor. We will make every effort to keep this information current and correct errors brought to our attention.



Overview of osha s alliance program and its youth related outreach washington dc june 26 2008

Overview of OSHA’s Alliance Program and its Youth-Related OutreachWashington, DCJune 26, 2008

Lee Anne JillingsDirector, Office of Outreach Services and AlliancesDirectorate of Cooperative and State ProgramsOccupational Safety and Health Administration

The Business of Small Business: Part VIII

Teen Summer Safety

Osha s cooperative programs

OSHA’s Cooperative Programs

The alliance program

The Alliance Program

Broadly written agreements

Established at OSHA’s National, Regional, Area Offices or by State Plan States

Formed with trade associations, businesses, educational institutions, government agencies (only if joined with non-governmental organizations) and unions

68 National Alliances

433 Regional and Area Office Alliances

Benefits of participating in the alliance program

Benefits of Participating in the Alliance Program

Build a cooperative and trustingrelationship with OSHA

Network with other organizationscommitted to workplace safetyand health

Leverage resources to maximize

worker protection

Gain recognition as proactive leaders in safety and health

(L-R) Guy R. Colona, P.E., Assistant Vice President, NFPA; Edwin G. Foulke, Jr., Assistant Secretary, USDOL-OSHA; William J. Erny, Senior Policy Advisor, Safety and Security Issues, API; Wayne Geyer, Executive Vice President, STI/SPFA at the National Alliance renewal signing on May 29, 2008

Alliance program impact on workplaces

Alliance Program Impact on Workplaces

Results of the Alliance Program include:

  • New and updated training resources

  • Outreach to employers and employees through speeches and exhibits

  • New and updated electronic assistance tools (e.g., eTools)

  • Publications, case studies and success stories

  • Media coverage of the Alliance Program activities

  • Awareness Campaigns

Screen Capture of the Alliance Program

Participants Developed Products page


Alliance Program Youth Focused Alliances

  • American Red Cross

  • American Society of Safety Engineers

  • Club Managers Association of America

  • Coordinating Committee for Automotive Repair

  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and National Hearing Conservation Association

  • National Safety Council

  • Professional Landcare Network

  • SkillsUSA

Alliance program s youth related results and successes

Alliance Program’s Youth-Related Results and Successes


Toolbox Talks (CMAA)

Youth Worker Outreach Brochures (PLANET)

Electronic Assistant Tools

Restaurant Safety for Teen Workers Safety and Health Topics page

Editorial board (CMAA)


2008 Teen Summer Job Safety Campaign (IEC and NAHB)

2007 National Safety Congress and Expo

81st Annual World Conference on Club Management and 31st Annual Exposition


PLANET Student Career Days

Alliance program results and successes awareness campaign

Alliance Program Results and Successes Awareness Campaign

OSHA’s Teen Summer Job Safety Campaign

2008: “Construction: Build a Safe Work Foundation,” with a focus on residential building

2007: “Construction: Build a Safe Work Foundation”

2006: “Landscaping – Plant Your Feet on Safe Ground”

Picture of OSHA’s 2008

Teen Summer Job Safety

Campaign Exhibit Booth

Picture of the Teen

Summer Job Safety Campaign Poster


Signed: October 17, 2005

Renewed: December 18, 2007

Alliance Goal: Provide career and technical educators with access to training resources that will impact the occupational safety and health of young workers

Alliance Focus: Youth

OSHA and SkillsUSA Alliance

OSHA's Assistant Secretary, Edwin G. Foulke, Jr., and Tim Lawrence, Executive Director, SkillsUSA sign a national Alliance renewal agreement on December 18, 2007


OSHA’s Teen Summer Job Safety Campaign

North American Occupational Safety and Health (NAOSH) Week

Federal Network for Young Worker Safety and Health (FedNet)

Electronic Assistance Tools

OSHA and SkillsUSA Alliance Results and Successes

U.S. Secretary of Labor Elaine L. Chao kicks off the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) national 2008 Teen Summer Job Safety Campaign with Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Edwin G. Foulke, Jr. and SkillsUSA students at Rockefeller Center in New York, NY


SkillsUSA National Leadership and Skills Conference and TECHSPO

Regional Alliances

SkillsUSA and OSHA Alliance-related Web page (http://skillsusa.org/educators/osha.shtml)

OSHA and SkillsUSA Alliance Results and Successes

Screen Capture of the SkillsUSA and OSHA Alliance-related Web page


Signed May 2003; renewed November 2004 and April 2007

Focus: high school and collegiate level construction students

More than 8,000 students in Western New York trained in construction safety and health

OSHA and Lehigh Construction provide training for:

Vocational and high school students

Students taking construction engineering courses at area colleges

Students and contractors on Seneca Nation of Indians reservation

OSHA Region II and Lehigh Construction Alliance Results and Successes

Representatives from OSHA and Lehigh Construction Group at Alliance renewal on April 4, 2007

Alliance program web page

Alliance Program Web Page

Screen Capture of OSHA’s Alliance Program Web Page


Lee Anne Jillings

(202) 693-2340

[email protected]

Construction industry safety and teen workers

Construction Industry: Safety and Teen Workers

Kevin Cannon, Safety Specialist, NAHB

Steve Cousins, Program Manager, Home Builders Institute

US Dept. of Labor, Washington DC

June 26, 2008



  • About NAHB

    • Washington, D.C. based trade association whose mission is to enhance the climate for housing

    • Approximately 235,000 members

    • 850 State and Local affiliates (HBA’s)

    • Our members construct about 80 percent of the new homes constructed each year

    • NAHB affiliates include the NAHB Research Center and Home Builders Institute (HBI)

Nahb fatality study 2003 2006

NAHB Fatality Study 2003-2006

  • Why conduct this research?

    • To create a comprehensive database of fatalities that occurred in residential construction and specialty trades.

    • To describe the contributing factors of fatalities in residential construction and specialty trades

  • Where did the data come from?

    • Fatalities that were recorded by the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) from 2003-2006.

    • This time period was chosen because industry classifications changed from the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) in 2003.

Number of fatalities by industry

Number of Fatalities by Industry


Fatalities by length of service time with employer

Fatalities by Length of Service (time with employer)

Total = 309

Fatalities by event or exposure

Fatalities by Event or Exposure

Fatalities by age

Fatalities by Age

Total = 984

Residential construction and specialty trades, 2003-2005

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Teen worker rules for construction

Teen Worker Rules for Construction

  • Under the Age of 16

    • Perform office or sales work

    • Limited number of hours and times of day

  • Ages 16 and 17 Cannot perform the following:

    • Work involving the mixing, handling or transporting of explosive compounds

    • Driving a motor vehicle or working as an outside helper

    • Operating an elevator, crane, hoist, or forklift

    • Operating power-driven woodworking machines and metal forming, punching, and shearing machines

Teen worker rules for construction cont

Teen Worker Rules for Construction (cont.)

  • Ages 16 and 17 Cannot perform the following:

    • Operating power-driven circular and band saws and guillotine shears

    • Working in wrecking, demolition, and shipbreaking

    • Working in roofing and on or about the roof

    • Working in excavation

  • Ages 18 and older

    • May perform any work in construction

Nahb safety health publications videos

NAHB Safety & Health Publications & Videos

  • NAHB Fall Protection Handbook & Video

  • NAHB Scaffold Safety Handbook & Video

  • Jobsite Safety Handbook & Video

  • NAHB Home Builders’ Safety Program

  • NAHB Trenching and Excavation Safety Handbook (Spring 2009)

Workforce development

Workforce Development

  • Trains and places skilled workers in residential construction

  • Works to professionalize the skilled trades

  • Promotes the home building industry as a career

Shortages in the industry

Shortages in the Industry

  • 10% growth in carpentry positions through 2016

  • 7% for electricians

  • 10% for building maintenance through 2016

  • 10% demand increase for all construction occupations by 2016

  • High turnover for entry-level workers

  • Retiring “Boombers”

Implements training programs that

Implements training programs that . . .

  • Address industry’s need for skilled workers

  • Provide participants with the skills to build a career and better life

  • Train participants using validated (NAHB) skills and industry-sponsored material.

  • Have high job placement rates

Construction trades training

Construction trades training

Safety from the top down

Safety from the top down!

  • National Office Support

  • HBI Safety Board

  • Daily Safety Survey

  • HBI Safety Handbook

  • Membership (NSC)

  • Tools (HBI Intranet)

  • Instructor Certs (OSHA)

  • Student Certs (OSHA 10)

Hbi safety board

HBISafety Board

  • Staff from every level & department

  • Meets quarterly

  • Designs & Evaluates Materials for Instructors

  • Membership (NSC)

  • Works directly w/HBI HR Dept.

  • “Daily Safety Survey” & Web Page on HBI Intranet

  • Provides Safety Training to staff (OSHA 10-30)

Daily safety survey intranet safety site

Daily Safety Survey & Intranet Safety Site

Shop and work site safety

Shop and Work Site Safety

  • Teach by Example

  • PPE

  • Tool Safety (PACT unit 1)

  • Sed de Saber™ Construction Edition

Training stations and community service

Training Stations and Community Service

HBI Carpentry Shop

Reminders safety safety safety

REMINDERSSafety, Safety, Safety…

Is it important for students to have fun while learning

Is it important for students to have fun while learning?

Contact information

Contact Information

  • Rob Matuga, NAHB, ASVP, Labor, Safety & Health Services

    • (800) 368-5242 ext. 8507

    • [email protected]

  • Kevin Cannon, NAHB, Safety Specialist, Labor, Safety & Health Services

    • (800) 368-5242 ext. 8590

    • [email protected]

  • Steve Cousins, Program Manager, HBI

    • (202) 266-8939

    • [email protected]






Avoiding injury


  • Understanding possible causes & consequences of work related injuries

  • Eyes

  • Hands

  • Ears

  • Feet

  • Back injuries

Avoiding injury1


  • Eyes

Hand injuries

Hand Injuries

  • Carpal tunnel

Back injuries

Back Injuries


Proper lifting

Proper lifting



  • Identifying ways to prevent injury

  • Proper use of PPE

  • Know your surrounding

  • Slips & Falls

Proper use of equipment


Shop machinery

Power Tools

Hand tools

Hydraulic, pneumatic & Electrical

Shop rules


  • Operating vehicles

  • In case of emergency

  • Fire hazards, Electrical, Chemical & Combustibles

Prevention pollution

Prevention & Pollution

  • The information provided in MSDS

  • The Diamond emblem

  • OSHA & EPA rules & regulations



  • The blue indicates potential health effects

  • The red indicates explosiveness or readiness to ignite.

  • The Yellow concerns Reactivity

  • The white indicates special precautions

Fire extinguisher


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