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Families/Wh ā nau -Year 1 data - Roy McKenzie Centre for the Study of Families June, 2007 Who are the families involved in our survey? Family structure n Intact1150 Lone 454 Step/complex 205 Extended 72 Other 8 Total1889 Family dimensions Cohesion Identity

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Families/Wh ā nau -Year 1 data -

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Families/Whānau

-Year 1 data -

  • Roy McKenzie Centre for the Study of Families

  • June, 2007


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Family dimensions l.jpg
Family dimensions

  • Cohesion

  • Identity

  • Mutual activities

  • Autonomy

  • Monitoring and supervision

  • Conflict


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Family dimensions

  • Cohesion

    “My family ask each other for help”

  • Identity

    “We are proud to be members of our family”

  • Mutual activities

    “Do you and your family have meals together?”

  • Autonomy

    “Someone in my family encourages me to make my own decisions”

  • Monitoring and Supervision

    “Someone in my family makes sure I don’t stay up too late”

  • Conflict

    “There is a lot of yelling at each other in my family”


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Family dimensions: looking at age and gender

Family dimensionsDifferences

Age Gender

  • Cohesion√

  • Identity√

  • Mutual activities

  • Conflict√√

    - Monitoring and

    Supervision√ √

    - Autonomy√ √


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Family dimensions: looking at age and gender

  • Cohesion Overall, older participants show lower

  • Identity ratings of these family dimensions

  • Mutual activities

    - Monitoring and

    Supervision Females showed higher level of

    - Autonomy monitoring and supervision and autonomy



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Family strengths and “weak spots”10-11 years old

StrengthsWeak spots

- Being nice- Dad getting angry

- Biking together- Not planning the day

- Cheering each other- Being smacked

- Having lots of pets- Helping look after lots of pets that aren’t all mine (4 rabbits, 4 guinea pigs, 1 pregnant, 2 cats, 1 puppy)


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Family strengths and “weak spots”10-11 years old

StrengthsWeak spots

  • Supporting us when we go - We (kids) lie to mum and dad a lot through phases

  • Jokes telling - Giving teenagers support and love they need

  • Understanding - Picking favourites

    - Able to trust one another - Insults (can escalate to yelling)


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Parents/caregivers’ and young people’s views on family

DimensionSignificant differences

Cohesion Parents > Young people

IdentityParents > Young people

Mutual activitiesParents > Young people

AutonomyParents > Young people

Monitoring and supervision Parents > Young people

Conflict -----


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Parents/caregivers’ and young people’s views on family: the role of family structure

DimensionsSignificant differences

Cohesion Parents

Identity Intact > Lone and Step

Young people Intact > Lone and Step


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Parents/caregivers’ and young people’s views on family: the role of family structure

DimensionsSignificant differences

Mutual activities Parents

Intact > Lone, Step and

Extended

Young people Intact > Lone and Extended


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Parents/caregivers’ and young people’s views on family: the role of family structure

DimensionsSignificant differences

Conflict Parents

Intact < Lone and Step

Young people Intact < Lone and Step


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Parents/caregivers’ and young people’s views on family: the role of family structure

DimensionsSignificant differences

AutonomyNo differences according to family structure


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Does family structure matter? the role of family structure

Well-being perceptions were very similar for young people

coming from different family structures;

Cigarette, alcohol and pot consumption levels were very

similar for young people coming from different family

structures.

Morality of action’s ratings were very similar for young people

belonging to different family structures.


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Does family structure matter? the role of family structure

Peer orientation and deviant affiliation were higher in

young people from lone and extended families;

Also, strength of self perceptions were lower in young

people from lone and extended families;


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Does family structure matter? the role of family structure

Coping strategies

“Positive”“Negative”

Social supportExternalization

(Step and Lone > Intact) (Lone and Extended > Intact)

Problem solving Avoidance

(Step > Intact) (Lone > Intact)

Rumination

(Extended > Intact)


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Family structure: Project’s research directions the role of family structure

• Looking at the relationship between family dimensions and several outcomes and examining the moderating role of family structure

Family dimensions

Young people’s outcomes

(e.g. Well-being)

Family structure


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Family structure: Project’s research directions the role of family structure

Examples:

√ Is the link between family cohesion and well-being equally important for young people in all family structures?

√ Are the links between more mutual activities and less cigarette and alcohol consumption particularly important for young people in lone families?

√ Are the links between autonomy and well-being less important for participants in extended families?


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