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Egypt. Old Kingdom. Menes Dynasty – 3200 BCE Pharoh – Royal family – Priest – Gov. – Peasants Pharaoh’s grow weaker at the end of the Old Kingdom Considered by some as the most creative period. Pyramids 4,500 years old. Middle Kingdom. Last for more than 3 centuries

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old kingdom
Old Kingdom
  • Menes Dynasty – 3200 BCE
  • Pharoh – Royal family – Priest – Gov. – Peasants
  • Pharaoh’s grow weaker at the end of the Old Kingdom
  • Considered by some as the most creative period
middle kingdom
Middle Kingdom
  • Last for more than 3 centuries
  • 1780 BCE – begun to fall, nobles and priests fight for power
  • 1760 BCE – endured increasing attacks by foreign invaders
farming and trade
Farming and Trade
  • Peasants did the farming
    • Wheat and Barley
  • Sea going ships – Mediterrean, Red and Aegean Seas
  • West Asia and south into Africa
education
Education
  • Bureaucracy – complex gov. civil servants carry specialized task
  • Fathers teaching son how to read and write
  • Middle Kingdom actual schools appear
religion
Religion
  • Nile – primary god “Osiris”
  • Sun – guardian spirit “Re”
  • Pharaoh – god in human form
  • Regeneration – “rebirth”
  • Mummification
building a pyramid
Building a Pyramid
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/launch_gms_pyramid_builder.shtml
late kingdom
Late Kingdom
  • Hyksos – invades northern Egypt with superior tech.
  • Adopted Egyptian styles of civilization
  • Theban prince – ruled middle portion
  • Ahmose – 1570 BCE drove Hyksos out of Egypt
new kingdom
New Kingdom
  • Ahmose – 1500s BCE
    • Standing Army
    • Empire expanded brought in new cultures
  • Hatshepsut – ruled for twenty years
    • Rebuilt temples
    • Sent commercial expeditions down the Red Sea
akhenaton
Akhenaton
  • Defied priests of Amom-Re
    • Removed the name of Amon-Re from all public inscriptions
    • Said he was the only god
    • Conflict over religion became struggle for power
    • Priest of Amon-Re won the power struggle
    • Contributed to the decline of Egyptian power
invaders
Invaders
  • HittitesStart to attack over the next century
  • Ramses II – 1288 BCE, Battle of Kush
  • “Sea People” push Egyptians back to the Nile Delta and Valley
  • Next two C. turned back into a Kingdom
  • Libyans Dynasty – mid 900s BCE
nubian dynasty
Nubian Dynasty
  • 1800 BCE – entered the scene
  • Influenced heavily by Egyptian culture
  • 730 BCE – War party north conquer the kingdom of Thebes, Reunited country since the fall of the New Kingdom
  • 671 BCE – Kushites abandon Egypt
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