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P R E S E N T S THE FIRE THAT CONSUMES Edward William Fudge www.EdwardFudge.com. All glory and praise to God’s Son, our Savior, the LORD JESUS CHRIST, who delivers us from the wrath to come. . Rob Bell Francis Chan Mark Galli Hell is much in the news today.

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slide2
All glory and praiseto God’s Son, our Savior,the LORD JESUS CHRIST,who delivers usfrom the wrath to come.
slide5

In this hour we will see …

Three Views of Hell

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

O.T. * Intertestamental * N.T.

CHURCH HISTORY:

traditional doctrine evolves

Why it matters

slide6

Three Views of Hell

Three Views of Hell

The fire that torments forever

(Majority/traditional view)

1

slide7

Three Views of Hell

The fire that torments forever

(Majority/traditional view)

1

Emphasizes

‘eternal punishment’‘fire not quenched’‘smoke goes up forever’

slide8

A troubling question:Must we conclude that God,who gave his Son for sinners,

will keep billions of them alive–to torment them without end?

slide9

A troubling question:Must we conclude that God,who gave his Son for sinners,

However, highly-respected, Bible-believing scholars in increasing numbers are answering NO!

If that is what Scripture teaches, our answer will be YES . . .

will keep billions of them alive–to torment them without end?

slide10
F.F. BRUCE

Prof NT and Exegesis

Manchester Univ. (U.K.)

“The dean of New Testament commentators”

{

slide11
JOHN STOTT

Preacher, Commentator, Missioner

Michael Green

Philip E. Hughes John Stackhouse

John Franke Homer Hailey

Clark H. Pinnock Dale Moody

John Wenham Richard Bauckham

N. T. Wright Tom L. Robinson

slide12
MICHAEL GREEN

British scholar, author

EEvangelism in the New Testament

slide13
E. EARLE ELLIS

“the scholars’ scholar”

Southwestern Baptist

Theological Seminary

slide14
PHILIP E. HUGHES

Guest professor:

Westminster Theological Seminary

Reformed Theological Seminary

slide15
THOMAS H. OLBRICHT

Religion Dept. Head (retired)

Pepperdine University

Abilene Christian University

First acknowledgement In TFTC

slide16

JOHN McRAY

Wheaton College Graduate School

Well published in Archaeology, and Pauline studies

slide17
JOHN STACKHOUSE

Regent College (Vancouver, B.C.)

prolific author

slide18
DALE MOODY

Taught nearly 40 years

The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville

slide19
JOHN FRANKE

Biblical Seminary

Hatfield, Pennsylvania

First Presbyterian Church

Allentown, Pennsylvania

slide20
HOMER HAILEY

Abilene Christian College

Florida (Christian) College

slide21
THOMAS L. ROBINSON

Senior Minister - Manhattan Church of Christ

______________________________________

Union Theological Sem.

Princeton Theol. Seminary

Harvard University

Abilene Christian Univ.

Pepperdine University

slide22
CLARK PINNOCK

McMaster University

(Hamilton, Ontario)

New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary

Regent College -- Trinity Divinity School

prolific author

slide23
JOHN WENHAM

Evangelical Anglican pioneer

slide24
RICHARD BAUCKHAM

(University of St. Andrews)

now at Cambridge

slide25
N.T. WRIGHT

University of St. Andrews

slide27

Three Views of Hell

The fire that purifies

(Universal restoration)

The fire that torments forever

1

2

slide28

Three Views of Hell

The fire that purifies

(Universal restoration)

The fire that torments forever

1

2

Emphasizes

God is not willing that any perishSavior of all, especially believers

Reconciled the world to himself

slide29

Three Views of Hell

Emphasizes

The fire that consumes

(Most biblically consistent view)

The fire that torments forever

The fire that purifies

1

2

3

God is a consuming fire

The wages of sin

is deathGod destroys soul & body in hell

slide32

What can we learn about ...

THE END OF THE WICKED?

Old Testament

slide33

It is important to ask the right question . . .NOT: What does the OT say about hell? BUT: What does the OT say about the end of the wicked?

slide36

The Hebrew Bible has three parts :

Law

(Torah)

Writings

(“Psalms”)

Prophets

slide37

Luke 24:44 - “all things … written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophetsand the *Psalms must be fulfilled.”(*also called the “Writings”)

Law

(Torah)

Writings

(“Psalms”)

Prophets

slide38

Law

(Torah)

Writings

(“Psalms”)

Prophets

Predictions

Prototypes

Principles

slide42

9 For evildoers will becut off, 10 Yet a little while and the wicked man will be no more; And you will look carefully for his place and he will not be there . . . 20 But the wicked will perish. . . They vanish -- like smoke they vanish away . . .

slide43
34 . . . Wait for the LORD and keep His way, And He will exalt you to inherit the land ; When the wicked are cut off, you will see it.

But what if we do not see it here? Is God’s justice then thwarted?

slide44

The wicked will:wither (Psalm 37:2)be no more (Psalm 104:36)perish (Psalm 1:6)vanish (Psalm 37:20)be destroyed (Psalm 37:38)50 Hebrew verbs (active & passive)

slide45

God will:break them in pieces (Psalm 2:9) slay them (Psalm 139:19)cut them off (Psalm 94:23)blot out of book of living (Psalm 69:28)rain fire & brimstone (Psalm 11:6)

slide46
Wicked will be like:chaff blown away (Psalm 1:4) snail that melts (Psalm 58:8)grass cut down (Psalm 37:2)wax melts (Psalm 68:2)
slide47

clay pot broken (Psalm 2:9)water that flows away (Psalm 58:7)smoke vanishes (Psalm 68:2)stubble before the wind (Psalm 83:13)70 metaphors, similes

slide48

PLEASENOTE:* Not literal descriptions* Reality will correspond to pictures* Reality will not be exactopposite of pictures* This variety of pictures creates a consistent impression . . .

slide51

What happened?Gen 7:21 All flesh that moved on the earth perished . . .; 22 ... all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, died. 23 Thus He blotted out every living thing that was upon the face of the land . . .

slide53

2 Peter 3:5-7 For . . . the heavens existed long ago and the earth was formed out of water … 6 through which the worldat that time was destroyed, being flooded with water. 7 But . . . the present heavens and earth are being reserved forfire, kept for theday of judgment and destruc-tion of ungodly men.

slide55

What happened? Gen. 19:24 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire… out of heaven, 25 and He overthrew those cities, and … the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground …

slide57

2 Peter 2:6God condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah todestructionbyreducingthemto ashes,havingmadetheman example [hypodeigma]to those who would live ungodly lives thereafter;

slide58
Jude 7 . . .Sodom and Gomorrah . . . are exhibitedas an example[deigma] in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.
slide60

BROKEN LIKE POTTERYI will proclaim the LORD’s decree: He said to me, “You are my son; today I have begotten you. Ask me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession. You will break them with a rod of iron; you will dash them to pieces like pottery” (Psalm 2:7-9).

slide61

CORPSES ON BATTLEFIELDThe Lord is at your right hand; he will crush kings on the day of his wrath. He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead, and crushing the rulers of the whole earth (Psalm 110:5-6).

slide62

CORPSES CONSUMED”Then they will go forth and look on the corpses of the men who have transgressed against Me. For their worm will not die, and their fire will not be quenched, and they will be an abhorrence to all mankind” (Isaiah 66:24).

slide63

ASHES UNDERFOOTThe day is coming, burning like a furnace; and . . . every evildoer will be chaff; and the day . . . will set them ablaze,” says the LORD of hosts, “so that it will leave them neither root nor branch” . . . [T]he wicked . . . will be ashes under the soles of your feeton the day which I am preparing,” says the LORD of hosts (Malachi 4:1-3).

slide69

* Notliteral descriptions* Reality will correspond to pictures* Reality will not be exact opposite of pictures* Variety of pictures leave one consistent impression

slide70

* Not literal descriptions* Reality will correspond to pictures* Reality will not be exact opposite of pictures* Variety of pictures leave one consistent impression

slide71

* Not literal descriptions* Reality will correspond to pictures*Reality will not be exact opposite of pictures* Variety of pictures leave one consistent impression

slide72

* Not literal descriptions* Reality will correspond to pictures* Reality will not be exact opposite of pictures* What impression do you get from the Old Testament on this topic?

slide73

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Views of Hell

slide74

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Apocrypha

Views of Hell

(EXCEPT JUDITH 16:17)

slide75

JUDITH REVERSES ISAIAH

“Woe to the nations that rise up against my race; the Lord Almighty will take vengeance against them in the day of judgment, to put fire and worms in their flesh; and they will weep and feel their pain forever” (Judith 16:17).

slide76
IsaiahJudith

corpsesliving people

slide77
IsaiahJudith

corpses living people

consumedtormented

slide78
IsaiahJudith

corpses living people

consumed tormented

external internal

slide79
IsaiahJudith

corpses living people

consumed tormented

external internal

shamepain

slide80
IsaiahJudith

corpses living people

consumed tormented

external internal

shame pain

disgust pity

slide81

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END* INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Apocrypha

Views of Hell

slide82

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Pseudepigrapha

Apocrypha

Views of Hell

slide83

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Dead Sea Scrolls

Pseudepigrapha

Apocrypha

Views of Hell

slide84

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

O.T. * Intertestamental * N.T.

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Pseudepigrapha

Dead Sea Scrolls

Apocrypha

Rabbinical

Views of Hell

Dr. Florentino Garcia-Martinez

slide85

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Pseudepigrapha

Dead Sea Scrolls

Apocrypha

Rabbinical

Views of Hell

slide86

WHAT IS THE WICKED’S END?

INTERTESTAMENTAL

Consuming fire

Purifying fire

Tormenting fire

1

2

3

Pseudepigrapha

Dead Sea Scrolls

Apocrypha

Rabbinical

Views of Hell

slide89

Let’s explore together . . .

New Testament

John the Baptist

slide90

JOHN THE BAPTIST: ‘BURN UP’“I baptize you with water for repen-tance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I . . . His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will thoroughly clear his threshing floor; and he will gather his wheat into the barn, but he will burn up the chaff withunquench-able fire” (Matt. 3:11-12).

quenchers at work
‘quenchers’ at work

____________________________________

Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. (Eph 6:16, KJV)

common ot warning
common OT warning!

____________________________________

But if you do not listen to Me to keep the sabbath day holy . . . then I will kindle a fire in its gates and it will devour the palaces of Jerusalem and not be quenched (Jer 17:27).

See also Isa 1:31; 34:10; Jer 4:4; 7:20; 21:12; Ezek 20:47-48; Amos 5:6.

slide94

JESUS CHRIST: kill, destroy Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul; but rather fear Him who is able to destroy (apollymi)both soul and body in *hell (Matt 10:28).*gehenna (11 times in Gospels)

slide96

JESUS CHRIST: perish“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish(apollymi), but have eternal life (John 3:16).

are destroy perish figurative
Are ‘destroy’ & ‘perish’ figurative?

Traditionalists emphasize that ‘destroy’ and ‘perish’ (apollymi) sometimes have figurative meanings:

ruined wineskins (Matt 9:17)

spoiled food (John 6:12)

slide98
destroy / perish (apollymi)
  • The disciples about to perish in storm (Matt 8:25);
  • Pharisees seek to destroy Jesus (Matt 12:14);
  • one loses lifetrying to save it (Matt 16:25);
  • vineyard owner executes murderous tenants (Matt 21:41);
  • troops sent to destroy murderers (Matt 22:7);
  • one perishesby the sword (Matt 26:52);
  • crowd asks to destroy Jesus (Matt 27:20) >>>
slide99
destroy / perish (apollymi)
  • better that one mandiethan for whole nation to perish (John 11:50);
  • Insurrectionist/false messiah perishedat hands of Rome (Acts 5:37);
  • Israelites perish in the wilderness (1 Cor 10:9-10), or were destroyed there (Jude 5);
  • some perishedin the rebellion of Korah (Jude 11).
slide100
Greek scholar and New Testament translator R. F. Weymouth wrote:

“My mind fails to conceive a grosser misinterpretation of language than when the five or six strongest words which the Greek tongue possesses, signifying ‘destroy,’ or ‘destruction,’ are explained to mean maintaining an everlasting but wretched existence. To translate black as white is nothing to this.”

seven times gnashing of teeth
(seven times)GNASHING OF TEETH

Matt 8:11-12 expelled to outer darkness

Matt 22:13 expelled to outer darkness

Matt 25:30 expelled to outer darkness

Luke 13:28 expelled from kingdom

Matt 24:50-51 expelled (after cut in pieces/severed)

Matt 13:40-42 expelled to furnace of fire

Matt 13:49-50 expelled to furnace of fire

(weeping and gnashing of teeth)

gnashing of teeth
Gnashingof teeth

____________________________________

“. . . your fathers . . . killed [the prophets] who . . . announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become;

[T]hey were cut to the quick, and . . . began gnashing their teeth at him. (Acts 7:52, 54)

gnashing of teeth1
Gnashingof teeth

____________________________________

The wicked will see [the righteous re-warded] and be vexed,    He will gnash his teeth and melt away;    The desire of the wicked will perish.

(Psalm 112:10)

slide106

‘Eternal’ is a quality

  • (aion, aionios)
  • eternal salvation (Heb 5:6)
  • eternal redemption (Heb 9:1)
  • eternal destruction ( 2 Thes 1:9)
  • eternal judgment (Heb 6:2)
  • eternal punishment (Matt 25:46)
slide107

2. ‘Eternal’ results that do not end

eternal salvation (Heb 5:6)

eternal redemption(Heb 9:1)

eternal destruction ( 2 Thes 1:9)

eternal judgment (Heb 6:2)

eternal punishment(Matt 25:46)

slide109
Punishment: the penal conse-quences of wrongdoing, imposed under the law by a person with judicial authority.
slide110

MIGHT BE:

Fine -- Jail -- Prison --

Capital punishment

eternal punishment defined
eternal punishment defined

[T]he Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire taking ven-geance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: who shall be punished witheverlasting destruction. . . . (2 Thes 1:7-9 KJV)

slide112

Result is ‘eternal’ -- not the process‘When a very serious crime is punished by death, and the execution of the sentence takes only a minute, no laws consider that minute as the measure of the punishment, but rather the fact that the criminal is forever removed from the community of the living.’ – St. Augustine

1 eternal quality fire
1. eternal-quality fire

2. Unending-result fire

Sodom and Gomorrah . . . are exhibitedas anexample in undergoing the punishment ofeternal fire (Jude 7).

slide115

Summary -- rest of N.T.

New Testament

James

james
JAMES
  • Death (1:15)
  • Destruction (4:12)
  • Riches consume flesh like fire (5:3)
  • Fattened for day of slaughter (5:5)
  • Death (5:19)

Which view most resembles this ?

slide118
ACTS

Only three references to final judgment

_____________________________

* God has appointed a day when he will judge the world fairly by [Jesus] (17:30-31).

* Paul discussed righteousness, self-control and judgment to come with Felix, who became frightened (24:25).

* Whoever does not listen to Jesus “shall be utterly destroyed from among the people” (3:23).

acts one word only
ACTS: ONE WORD ONLY

‘Utterly destroyed from among the people’

___________________________

Exolothreuo = ‘to destroy utterly, root out”

OT: (Greek version used by early church):

* Regular word for capital punishment

* word used in Flood story

NT: Destroyer (1 Cor 10:10; Heb 11:28)

slide121
PAUL

death (Rom 6:23)

perish (Rom 2:12)

destruction (1 Cor 3:17; Phil 1:28; 3:19)

eternal destruction (2 Thes 1:9)

Also . . .

Wrath, anger, trouble, distress (Rom 2:6ff)

anathema/accursed (Gal 1:9; 1 Cor 16:22)

not enter God’s kingdom (Eph 5:5-6)

slide122
Plato and Paul use sameGreekwords for death (thanatos), destruction (apōleia), corruption (phthora), perish (olethros), and die (apothnēskō).

_______________

PAUL: these words portray the destiny of all who live and die rejecting God.

PLATO: these words will neverdescribe the immortal soul.

hebrews
HEBREWS

worse than physical death (2:2-3)

cursed and burned (6:8)

raging fire that consumes (10:27-31)

destroyed (10:39)

consuming fire (12:29)

More like view #1, #2, or #3?

slide125

New Testament

Peter & Jude

peter jude
PETER & JUDE

destroy/perish (2 Pet 2:12)

blackest darkness (Jude 13)

like Flood like Sodom

slide128
John

LAKE OF FIRE (AND BRIMSTONE)

slide129
But for the cowardly and unbelieving, [etc.] , their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone … (Rev 21:8).

_________________________________

ORIGIN -- Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire (Gen 19:24-25).

slide130
John

SECOND DEATH

slide131

But for the cowardly and unbelieving, [etc.] , their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which IS the seconddeath(Rev 21:8).

_________________________________

CONTRAST

Names in “Book of Life” (Revelation)

“Eternal life” (Johannine generally)

slide133

SOURCE:

Abraham arose early in the morning ... and he looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and . . . the smoke of the land ascended like the smoke of a furnace (Gen 19:27-28).

slide135

SOURCE:

Its streams will be turned into pitch, and its loose earth intobrimstone, and its land will become burning pitch. It will not be quenched night or day; Its smoke will go up forever. From generation to generation it will be desolate . . . And He will stretch over it the line of desolationand the plumb line ofemptiness (Isa 34:8-11).

alternatives perish or everlasting life john 3 16 death or eternal life rom 6 23

ALTERNATIVES :‘perish or everlasting life’ (John 3:16)‘death’ or ‘eternal life’(Rom 6:23)

slide137
If the traditional doctrine is not required by Scripture . . . WHERE did it come from?HOW did it become so popular?
greek philosophy vs bible teaching conditional immortality
Greek philosophy

vs.

Bible teaching

(conditional immortality)

socrates plato
SOCRATES & PLATO

Every human

has a mortal

body, inhab-

ited by an

immortal

soul . . . .

469-399 B.C.424-348 B.C.

slide141

THE BIBLE PORTRAYS . . .The human creature as wholly mortalEARTH (BODY) + BREATH (SPIRIT) LIVING BEING (SOUL) Then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being (Gen 2:7).

slide143
HUMAN IMMORTALITY

AlwaysNever

Saved Lost

Whole Person Naked Soul or Spirit

Resurrection Creation or now

slide144

We hear from …

Apostolic Fathers

slide145
New Testament

Restored biblical (O.T.) teaching

_________________

Apostolic Fathers

Didache, Barnabas, Ignatius, Clement

teach a fire that consumes

(Limited to biblical language)

slide147
Apologists

Converted Greek Philosophers, brought pagan doctrine of immortal souls into Christian church.

Athenagoras (127-190 A.D.)

Tertullian (born 160 A.D.)

athenagoras 127 190 a d
Athenagoras (127-190 A.D.)

PLATO FIRST GOES TO CHURCH

"Since the cause of man\'s creation is …perpetual existence, [he] must be preserved forever."

tertullian 160 200 a d
Tertullian (160-200? A.D.)

SOUL DOES NOT

NEED SAVING

BECAUSE IT IS

IMMORTAL

ALREADY

tertullian 160 200 a d1
Tertullian (160-200? A.D.)

Matt 10:28 does not mean that God will really destroy the soul, for souls are immortal and can- not be destroyed.

slide151

We hear from …

Alexandrians

clement origen
Clement & Origen

3rd century A.D.

_____________________________________________________

Apokatastasis

(restoration)

____________________________________________________________

arnobius d 330
Arnobius (d. 330)

Rejected Platonism’s root (immortal souls) and fruit (unending conscious torment).

slide155

We hear from …

St. Augustine

st augustine 354 430 a d
St. Augustine(354-430 A.D.)________________

Answered pagan critics who denied possibility of eternal burning.

Endorsed Tertullian\'s view – set \'orthodoxy.\'

Least scriptural part of The City of God.

anselm 12 th c
Anselm (12th c.)

finite offense

infinite punishment

feudal justice

OT Divine criminal code – Herman Witsius

aquinas 13 th c
Aquinas (13th c.)

soul suffers first

punishment begins at death

slide161

We hear from …

(Dante) Alighieri

dante alighieri 14 th c
Dante Alighieri (14th c.)

Inferno, or (Divine) Comedy

“Cold as hell?”

reformation stretching
REFORMATION STRETCHING

1.

LUTHER A fine. sweet sleep . . .

philosophical proofs

reformation push back
REFORMATION PUSH-BACK

1.

LUTHER

2. SIR

THOMAS

MORE

reformation defence
REFORMATION DEFENCE

1.

LUTHER

2. SIR

THOMAS

MORE

3.

TYNDALE

reformation politics
REFORMATION POLITICS

1.

LUTHER

4. CALVIN

VS.

2. SIR ANABAPTISTS

THOMAS

MORE

3.

TYNDALE

reformation politics1
REFORMATION POLITICS

1.

LUTHER

4. CALVIN

VS.

2. SIR ANABAPTISTS

THOMAS

MORE

3. 5.

TYNDALE HEINRICH

BULLINGER

slide169
“It seems to be a general feature of the history of Christian thought that a period of genuine creativity is immediately followed by a petrification and scholasticism . . .
slide170
“It seems to be a general feature of the history of Christian thought that a period of genuine creativity is immediately followed by a petrification and scholasticism . . .

Orthodoxy merely guarded the ashes of the Reformation, rather than tending its flame.”

- Alister McGrath

re formation continues eschatology
Re-formation continues: Eschatology ______________________________________________________________________________

F.F. Bruce John Stott

Michael Green E. Earle Ellis

Philip E. Hughes John Stackhouse

John Franke Homer Hailey

Clark H. Pinnock Dale Moody

John Wenham Richard Bauckham

N. T. Wright Tom L. Robinson

slide172

We must finally ask …

BIBLE

Church History

Why it matters

slide173

NOT salvation issue …NOT fellowship issue …nevertheless important1. we speak in God’s name 2. impacts evangelism 3. impugns God’s character

slide174

NOT salvation issue …NOT fellowship issue …nevertheless important1. we speak in God’s name 2. impacts evangelism 3. impugns God’s character

slide175

NOT salvation issue …NOT fellowship issue …nevertheless important1. we speak in God’s name 2. impacts evangelism 3. impugns God’s character

it matters because we speak in god s name this impacts evangelism it speaks about god s character
it matters because: we speak in God’s name this impacts evangelismit speaks about God’s character
in conclusion the teaching we have examined tonight is not tricky difficult or complicated
In conclusion …The teaching we have examined tonight is nottricky,difficult, or complicated.
the teaching we have examined tonight is not tricky difficult or complicated
The teaching we have examined tonight is nottricky,difficult, or complicated.
the teaching we have examined tonight is not tricky difficult or complicated1
The teaching we have examined tonight is nottricky,difficult, or complicated.
the teaching we have examined tonight is not tricky difficult or complicated2
The teaching we have examined tonight is nottricky,difficult, or complicated.
slide184
The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. (Rom 6:23)
slide185
The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. (Rom 6:23)
slide186
God loved and gave his Son, ‘that whoever believes in him should not perish,but have eternal life.”(John 3:16)
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