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Asian Peoples PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Asian Peoples Population, Culture, and Religions Asian Population nearly 4 billion people Asian Cities Major Language Families Sino-Tibetan Chinese, Tibetan, Tai, etc. Altaic Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Uighur, etc. Mon-Khmer Khmer, Vietnamese, etc. Indonesian & Malay Asian Religions

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Asian Peoples

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Asian peoples l.jpg

Asian Peoples

Population, Culture, and Religions


Asian population l.jpg

Asian Population

  • nearly 4 billion people


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Asian Cities


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Major Language Families

  • Sino-Tibetan

    • Chinese, Tibetan, Tai, etc.

  • Altaic

    • Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Uighur, etc.

  • Mon-Khmer

    • Khmer, Vietnamese, etc.

  • Indonesian & Malay


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Asian Religions

  • Buddhism

  • Confucianism (?)

  • Hinduism

  • Islam

  • Daoism (Taoism, or ``The Way”)


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Buddhism

  • The ``Buddha” (the Enlightened One) taught in northern India in 6th century, B.C.

  • Desire is the root of unhappiness in human life

  • There are ways to achieve illumination

  • Meditation and compassion for all sentient beings


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Migration of Buddhism

  • Hinayana (Theravada, ``Small vehicle”)

    • Sri Lanka and, across the Bay of Bengal, what are now Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, and Indonesia

  • Mahayana (``Large vehicle”)

    • China, Korea, Japan, and what we now call Vietnam


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Theravada


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In Cambodia, ...


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Indonesia, ...


And myanmar l.jpg

… and Myanmar


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Mahayana


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In China ...


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Tibet ...


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Korea ...


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… and Japan … (Zen)


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Confucianism

  • Confucius (551 - 479 B.C.)

  • late Zhou dynasty


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Not exactly a religion

  • Concerned primarily with restoring social stability and order

  • a system of social and ethical philosophy rather than a religion

  • li (rituals, norms, institutions, or mores)

  • ren (humaneness, kindness, benevolence, or virtue)


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Li and Ren

  • Li: affirmation of accepted values and norms of behavior in primary social institutions and basic human relationships

  • Ren: the relationship between "two persons," or co-humanity - the potential to live together humanely

  • Atheist: no god or a far-off heavenly realm


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Spread of Confucianism

  • East Asia

    • promoted by rulers

    • reinforced by examination system

  • Southeast Asia

    • overseas Chinese


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In today’s China


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``Asian Values”

  • Cultural explanation for the economic boom of the Newly Industrialized Economies (NIE’s) of Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and Hong Kong (the ``Four Small Dragons”)

  • High savings rate, strong work ethic, respect for authority & education, etc.


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Interpreted by politicians

  • Singapore: Lee Kuan Yew

  • Malaysia: Mahathir


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