Administration VS Management

Administration VS Management PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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?????. ???????????????. ?????????. AdministrationVSManagement. ????????? (Simon)???????. ?????????????????????????????? ??????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????. ????????? (Dale)???????. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????(Management is getting things done through other people).

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Administration VS Management

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2. ????? ???????????????

3. ????????? Administration VS Management

4. ????????? (Simon)??????? ?????????????????????????????? ??????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

5. ????????? (Dale)??????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????(Management is getting things done through other people)

6. ???????????????(Nigro) Public Administration 1.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

7. 2.??????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? 3 ???? 3.?????????????????????????????

8. 4.??????????????????? ??????????? 3.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? ? ???????????

9. ??????????????? (Simon) ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

10. Public Administration P.A.?????????????????????(Public Administration as a field of study) p.a.??????????????????????????(public administratio as activity)

11. Public Administration P.A.???????????????????(Science) ???????????????????(Systematic) ????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????

12. Public Administration p.a.??????????????????(Art)????????????? ??????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????

13. ????????????????????? ??????(Public Administration) ???????? V.S. ???????????? “????????????????????????????????????????????????????????”

14. ???????????????????????????????? ????????????? 1.???????????????????????(Process) 2.??????????????????????????????????????????????????(Cooperative group effort)

15. 3.???????????????????????? ??????????????? ???? ?????????????????????(Risk)

16. ???????????????????????????????? ?????? ????(Wallace Sayre) ??????????? “?????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????”

17. ?????????????? 1.????????????(Objective): ????????????????????????? ???. 2.??????????????????? : ???????????? ???.

18. 3.????????????????? : ????????? 4.??????????????????????????? : ????????????????????????5.???????????????????????? 6.???????????????

19. 7.?????????????????????? ???????????????????? 8.????????????? ???. ????????????????????????????????(Goldfish bowl)

20. ????????????????????????????????????????????????(??????????????) 1.???????????????????????? ??????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????

21. 2. ????????????????????????????????????????????? “?????????????????????????” Public Accountability ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????

22. 3. ??????????????????????????????????????????????? 4. ????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? - ????????????(Services) - ????????????????

23. 5. ???????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????????????????????????

24. 6. ????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ??????? ??????????????????

25. 7. ??????????????????????? ????????????????????????? ??????????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????????????????????? ??????????????? ?

26. 8. ?????????????????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????????????????????

27. ??????????????????? P.A ??????????? 1.?????????(Logic) : ??? ?????????????????????????????????? 2.??????????(Sociology) -????????????????????????????????????

28. -?????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????? -????????????????????????

29. 3.???????????(Anthopology) ????????(Culture) 4.?????????????(Social Psychology) ?????????????????????”?????” ??????????????????????????????????????

30. 5.???????????(Economic) 6.?????????(Political Science) ????????????????? ???????????????????? ???????????? ????????

31. 7.?????????? 8.????????????? 9.????????????

32. ????????????????????????????? ???? P.A. ??????????????????? ??????????????? Thomas S. Kuhn

33. ??????? ???????????????????????? ??????????? 2 ????????? 1.????????????????? 2.?????????????????????????? ? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????

34. Lawrence C. Mayer ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????

35. Robert T. Holt & John M.Richardson,Jr. ?????????? 1.?????? 2.????? 3.??????????????????? 4.????? 5.?????????????????????????????????????????

36. ??????????????? P.A. by Nicholas Henry ??????????? 1 ??????????????????????????????????????????????(1900-1926)

37. Frank J.Goodnow ????? -Politics and Administration(1900) ????????????????????????????? 2 ?????? ?????????????????????(??????????????)??????????????????????(?????????????????)

38. Leonard D. White ????? -Introduction to the Study of Public Administration(1926) ????????????????????????????????????

39. ??????????? 2 ???????????????? (1927-1937) W.F.Willoughby ????? -Principles of Public Administration???????? ? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

40. ?????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? ???????????????????????????????

41. Mary Parker Follet ????? -Creative Experience(1924) Henry Fayol ????? -Industrial and General Management “??????????????????????” Administration Management ????????

42. “???????????????????????” -Scientific Management ??? Frederick W. Taylor ??? Frank & Lillian Gilbreth

43. ????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????? Luther H. Gulick & Lyndall Urwick ???? Paper on the science of Administration

44. ??????????????????????????? ??????? ?????????????????

45. ??????? ??? POSDCORB P=Planning O=Organizing

46. S=Staffing D=Directing CO=Coordinating

47. R=Reporting B=Budgeting

48. ?????????????????????? ?.?.1938-1947 1938 Chester I Barnard ????? The Functions of the Executive

49. 1947 Herbert A Simon ????? Administrative Behavior ???????????????????? 2 ?????? ??? 1.???????????????????? ????????????????????????

50. 2.???????? ? ???????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????

51. ?????????????????????????????????? ?.?.1947-1950

52. ??????????? 3 ???????????????????????????(1950-1970) ????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??? ?????????

53. ??????????? 4 ????????????????????????????????(Administrative Science) ?.?. 1956-1970

54. ?????????????? ????????????? 4 ??????? ?????????????????????????????(Organization Theory)?????????????????(Management Science)

55. ???????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

56. ?????????????? ??????????????? ????????????????? ????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????

57. ??????????? 5 ?????????????????? ??????????????? ?.?. 1970-……?????????????????????????????? ???????????? ???????????????????

58. ????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????

59. ????????????????????????????? ??? ??.??.????? ??????????? ???????? 3 ???????

60. 1. ?????????????????????????????????? (????????????????????? 2) ??????? ??????(Woodrow Wilson) -The study of Administration 1887

61. ???????????????????(??? 1) “?????????????????????????????” ?????? ?? ?????????(Frank J. Goodnow) ????????? ??? ???????(FWilliam F. Willoughby)

62. ???????????????????(??? 2) “????????????????????????????????????” - ???????????????????????(Scientific Management)

63. ???????????(Science) ??????? ?????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????? ? ???????????????????????? (scientific method)

64. ?????????????????????(Science method Emmert&Brook ????????? ??????? ?????????? 1. ?????????(observation) 2. ?????????????????(statement of the problem)

65. Science method (???) 3. ???????????????? (hypothesis formulation) 4. ??????????????????????(consequence) 5. ????????????????(inductive inference)

66. Scientific management period 1880 – 1930 (?.?. 2423 – 2473) ?????????? ?????????(Frederick Taylor) 1856 – 1918 (2399 – 2458)

67. ??????????????????????? ?????????? ?????????(Frederick Taylor) - The one best way Principle of specialization Incentive wage system

68. The criteria of science by E.D. Klemke 1990 p.32 1. Intersubjective testability 2. Reliability 3. Definiteness and precision 4. Coherence or systematic character 5. Comprehensiveness oe scope

69. ???????????????????(??? 3) “?????????????????????????????????” “????????????????” Bureaucracy

70. ????? ???????(max weber) ??????????????????????????(domination) ?????????????????????

71. ?????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????? Weber ???????? ??????????????? (Legitimation of Power)

72. ????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? Weber ???????? ????????????? (Administrative Apparatus)

73. ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? “????????????????” ???????????????????????????

74. weber ?????????????????? ???? 3 ??? ??? 1. ????????????????? (Traditional domination) ????????????? ??? Feudal

75. 2. ???????????(Charismatic dominatio) ????????????? ??? Communal 3. ???????????????????????????(Legal domination) ????????????? ??? Bureaucracy

76. ?????????????(Bureaucracy) 1. Hierarchy 2. Specialization 3. Rule Regulation & Procedures 4. Legal Authority

77. ?????????????(Bureaucracy)(???) 5. Fix Salary 6. Merit System 7. Career Aspects

78. ?????????????(Bureaucracy) ????? ???????(Max Weber) - Theory of domination Legitimation of power Administration apparatus

79. Theory of Domination 1. Traditional domination 2. Charismatic domination 3. Legal domination

80. ???????????????????(??? 4) ??????????????????(Behavioral science) Elton Mayo - ?????????????(Human relation)

81. Human Relation Human relation period 1930 – 1950(2473 - 2493) ???????????????????????? ??????????????(Behavioral science)

82. The Hawthorne Experiments Western Electric Company : Chicago USA 1. Elton Mayo 2. F.J. Roethlisberger 3. William Dickson 4. C.E. Turner

83. The Hawthorne Experiments 1. 1924 – 1927 Room study 2. 1928 – 1930 Interviewing study 3. 1931 – 1932 Observational study

84. 2. ????????????????????? 2 - 1970 ???????????????????(???1) “????????????????????? ??? ?????????????” “?????????????????????????????????”

85. ????????????????????????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????(Frists Morstein Marx) ??? ?????????(Paul Appleby) ????? ??? ?????(John M. Gaus)

86. ???????????????????(???2) “????????????????????????????????????????” (Administrative science)

87. ???????????????????(???2) “????????????????????????????????????????” (Administrative science) -???????????????????

88. ????????????????????? ???. 2 ??????? 1. ?????????????????????????? (Comparative administrative) 2. ???????????? (Organization Theory)

89. 3. ???????????????? 1970 - ???????? ????????????????????????????(???1) ?????????? ??? 3.1 ???.??????????????(New public administration)

90. New P.A. (1) Relevance (2) Value (3) Change (4) Social eguity

91. 3.2 ????????????????????????? (Policy Analysis 3.3 ???????????????????(Political Economy)

92. ??????????????? P.A. by Robert T. Golembiewski ???????? 3 ???????? 1.????????????????(Traditional Paradigm)

93. 2.?????????????-????? Social-Psychological Paradigm 3.????????????/??????????Humanist/Systemic Paradigm

94. ??????????????? P.A.??????? ?? 2 ???????????? 1.Emanuel Wald ????????????????????????????????????????????????????

95. ?????????????????? 1.?????????????????????????????????????????(Normative)???????????????(Empirical) ??????? Normative ????????

96. 2.??????????????? ???? P.A.???????????????????????????????(Interdisciplinary) ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

97. 3.?????????????????????? ????????????????? ??? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

98. 4.????????????????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ?????????

99. 5.??????????????????? ??????????????????????? ?????????????? ? ??????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? ????????????

100. ???????? 2 Robert T.Golembiewski ????????????????????????(Miniparadigm) ????????????????????(Comprehensive Paradigm)

101. The Environment of P.A. ?????????????????????????????

102. ??????? ????????????????? ? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????

103. ????????? 1. Dwight Waldo ???????? “??????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????? ?”

104. ????????? 2. “??????????? ???????????????????????????, ???????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????”

105. Ecology of Public Administration ??????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

106. ????????? Fred W. Riggs ??? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

107. ??????????????????????????????????? “??????” ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????

108. ??????????????????????? P.A. ???????? 2 ?????? 1.?????????????????? ? ??????????????????????? 2.????????????????????????????????? ? ??????

109. ??????????????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? 3 ?????? 1.????????????????????? 2.???????????????????????? 3.????????????????????????

110. Fred W.Riggs ??????????? P.A.???????? 1.???????????????????????? 2.????????????????????? 3.???????????????????? 4.????????????? ???? K ??? ??? 5.?????????????????????

111. ???? ??????????????????? ?? ???????? 10 ?????? 1.?????????????????????(Culture) ???????(Tradition) ??????????(Social Value)

112. ?.???????? ????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? 1.????????????????????????????2.?????????????????????????????????????????? 3.???????????????????????????????????????????????????

113. 4.??????????????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????????????? 5.??????????????????????????? 6.?????????? 7.????? ??????? ??????????????????????????

114. ?????????????????????????? 1.???????????? ???????????????????????????????? 2.???????????????? 3.???????????????????????????????

115. 4.???????????????????????????? ??? 5.??????????? ???? ????????

116. 2.??????????????????????????? ?????????????????????(Social Stratification) -??????????? -????? -????? -???????????

117. ?????????????? ???? ?????????????? ~????????? ~?????????????? ~???????? *????????????????????????????????????????????????????? *???????? ??????? ???????????????

118. ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????????????????????? ??????? ???????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????

119. 3.????????????????? -????????????????????????????????????????? -???????????????? -?????????? -??????????????? ???

120. ???????????????????????????? ????????? 3 ?????? ??? 1.???????????????????? 2.?????????????? 3.??????????????????????????????????????

121. 4.???????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? -??????????????? -???????? -??????? -???????? -???????

122. ???????????? ??????????????? “???????????????????????”??????????????????? -???????????? -?????????????????????? -???????????????????????

123. -???????????? -??????????? -?????????????? -????????????????????????? ?

124. 5.???????????????? 5 ?????? -????????? ?????????? ???? -??? -?????????? ????????? ?????????? -????????? ???? ???? ???? -?????? ??????????????????

125. 6.?????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ????????????????????????????????????????

126. ??????????????????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ????? ???????? ???

127. ????????????????? ???????? 3 ?????? 1.??????????????(Formal Ed.) 2.??????????????? (Nonformal Education) 3.???????????????????(Informal Education)

128. 7.????????????????? -????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? -?????????????????????????????????????????????????????

129. ??????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????

130. ????????????????? ?????????????????????????? 3 ???????????? ? ??? 1.?????????????? 2.???????????????????? 3.??????????????????

131. ????????????????????? ????????? ??? ???????????????????????????????? ????????? ??? ?????????????????

132. ?????????????????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????? ???? ???????????? ??????????? ???

133. 8.??????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????

134. ??????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? ???? ???????????????? ???????????? ?????????????????????????? ???

135. 9.????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???

136. 10.??????????????????? ???????? -?????????????? 9 ????????? -?????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???? ??????????????? ???????

137. ?????????????, ?????????????????????????????, ????????????????????, ????????????????????(?????????????????)???????????????? ???

138. ????????????????????? ????????? ??? ???????????????????????????????? ????????? ??? ?????????????????

139. PA200/PS250 ????????????????????????

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