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Annual Biosafety Training 2012 Part 2. Good Housekeeping. How do we protect ourselves?. Good Housekeeping Practices (Clinic and Dental). Disinfect and clean daily or as needed if contamination occurs during the day

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Annual biosafety training 2012 part 2

Annual BiosafetyTraining 2012Part 2


Good housekeeping
Good Housekeeping

How do we protect ourselves?


Good housekeeping practices clinic and dental
Good Housekeeping Practices(Clinic and Dental)

  • Disinfect and clean daily or as needed if contamination occurs during the day

  • Flu virus can survive on environmental surfaces and can infect a person for 2-8 hours after being deposited on the surface.

  • Disinfection Logs - must initial daily that disinfection occurred

    • Only need one for each area or one for each person doing disinfection

    • Need separate log for lab area and equipment

    • Includes dental stations and sterilization areas


Good housekeeping practices
Good Housekeeping Practices

  • Remove organic material from critical and semi-critical instrument/devices, using recommended cleaning agents before high level disinfection andsterilization to enable effective disinfection and sterilization processes.

  • Wear PPE (e.g., gloves, gown), according to the level of anticipated contamination, when handling patient-care equipment and instruments/devicesthat is visibly soiled or may have been in contact with blood or body fluids.


Good housekeeping practices1
Good Housekeeping Practices

  • Do Not Store Patient Care Items Under The Sink

  • These Items Could Become Contaminated Without Anyone’s Knowledge


Knowledge assessment
Knowledge Assessment

A good housekeeping practice includes…

Answer

  • A. Storing patient care items under the sink.

  • B. Disinfecting work areas at least once daily.

  • C. Disinfecting work areas once per week.

  • B. Disinfecting work areas at least once daily.


Handwashing
Handwashing

How do we protect ourselves?


Handwashing1
Handwashing

  • Guidelines developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now recommend that healthcare workers use an alcohol-based hand rub (a gel, rinse or foam) to clean their hands between patient contacts, as long as hands are not dirty.

Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-care Settings. MMWR 2002; vol. 51, no. RR-16.

.


Handwashing2
Handwashing

  • If hands are not visibly soiled, use an alcohol-based handrub for routinely decontaminating hands.

  • The preferred method of hand decontamination is with an alcohol-based hand rub. Alternatively, hands may be washed with an antimicrobial soap and water. Frequent use of alcohol-based hand rub immediately following hand washing with non-antimicrobial soap may increase the frequency of dermatitis.

  • When hands are visibly dirty, contaminated, or soiled, wash with non-antimicrobial or antimicrobial soap and water.


Survival of pathogens on the human hands
Survival Of Pathogens On TheHuman Hands

  • Hepatitis 7 Hours

  • Herpes 2 Hours

  • Flu 1 Hour

  • Rhino Virus 3-4 Hours

  • Rotavirus > 4 Hours


Knowledge assessment1
Knowledge Assessment

Handwashing is not necessary unless hands are visibly soiled.

  • A. True

  • B. False

Answer

  • B. False


Spill kits
Spill Kits

How do we protect ourselves?


Spill kits1
Spill Kits

  • Spill Kits

    • Are available at each health center and are located in the lab area

    • Used to absorb large amount of blood or spilled chemicals

  • To use the B.A.S.K.IT Spill kit

    • Open the powder container

    • Put on disposable gloves that are in the kit

    • Completely cover the spill with powder


Spill kits2
Spill Kits

  • Use the BioScoop and detachable scraper to clean up the gelled spill along with broken glass

  • While still holding the scoop

    • Remove glove by pulling cuff down over scoop leaving all waste, including the scoop and scraper, inside the inverted glove. Seal glove with tie and place in disposable envelope.


Spill kit
Spill Kit

  • Peel off Cide-Swipe foil label

  • While still wearing the second glove

    • wipe surface using package as applicator

  • Allow to air dry

  • Invert glove leaving swipe inside

    • Seal with tie

    • Place in Zorbilope.

    • Seal with enclosed sticker and discard

    • Dispose in red biohazard leak proof bag


Spill kits3
SPILL KITS

  • DO NOT POUR POWDER SUBSTANCE IN THE SINK, DRAIN OR TOILET UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES!!!!!


Mercury spill kits
Mercury Spill Kits

  • Mercury Spill Kits are use for mercury spills from mercury thermometers and blood pressure devices

  • Use the Mercury (HG Absorb) Jar to absorb small droplets of mercury

    • Unscrew jar and lift lid with attached sponge

    • Use just enough water (about 2 ml) on the surface of the sponge to moisten evenly

    • Too much water may reduce the ability of the sponge to pick up mercury

    • Spread the water evenly with a gloved finger


Mercury spill kits1
Mercury Spill Kits

  • After 1 minute slowly move the sponge over the surface to be cleaned

  • When all the mercury is attached to the sponge

    • Screw the sponge attached lid back onto the jar

    • Place in plastic bag provided in each kit

    • Place bag in mercury container located in each health center


Post exposure follow up
Post Exposure Follow-up

With the best prevention, accidents can happen!


Post exposure follow up1
Post Exposure Follow-up

  • If after all precautions are taken and an exposure does occur, What Do I Do!!!! ?????

  • Notify your supervisor immediately!!!!


Post exposure follow up report must include the following
Post Exposure follow-upreport must include the following:

  • Date and time of exposure

  • Name of source patient if known

  • Type of exposure

  • Description of body substance involved

  • How long body fluid in contact with skin or mucous membrane

  • Condition of skin


Post exposure follow up2
Post Exposure Follow-up

Treatment of exposure site

  • Wounds and skin sites that have been in contact with blood or body fluids should be washed immediately with soap and water

  • Mucous membranes and eyes should be flushed immediately with water using the eye wash station


Post exposure follow up3
Post Exposure Follow-up

  • Management of a known source

    • Blood should be drawn for blood tests (Exposure to Infectious body fluids policy)

      • Hepatitis B surface antigen

      • ALT (SGPT)

      • Anti-HCV

      • VDRL

      • HIV

        Note: The known source/patient’s decision to accept or not accept the testing should be documented on the exposure report


Post exposure follow up4
Post Exposure Follow-up

  • Management of Employee

    • Immediately upon exposure, employee will be referred to St. Vincent’s Occupational Health for evaluation, management, and follow-up services.


Knowledge assessment2
Knowledge Assessment

If I am exposed to a potentially infectious body fluids, I should…

  • A. Notify my supervisor immediately

  • B. Clean the area immediately

  • C. Complete an incident report

  • D. All of the above

Answer

  • D. All of the above


Your safety at work
YOUR SAFETY AT WORK

DEPENDS ON:

  • KNOWING WHAT THE HAZARDS ARE

  • KNOWING HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF

  • THINKING AND ACTING SAFELY


Questions
Questions?

  • Contact Mary McCollum

    • 930-1372

    • [email protected]


Biosafety training 2012

Biosafety Training 2012

Continued in Module 3


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