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Chapter 24 Specialists. NYSE Structure. 1366 members (specialists & floor brokers) Seat = Member = Right to buy & sell on the NYSE Floor Approximately 3000 listed companies. Specialists. 7 specialist firms Approximately 450 specialists Typically 5 to 10 years on-the-job training

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Chapter 24

Specialists


Nyse structure
NYSE Structure

  • 1366 members (specialists & floor brokers)

  • Seat = Member = Right to buy & sell on the NYSE Floor

  • Approximately 3000 listed companies


Specialists
Specialists

  • 7 specialist firms

  • Approximately 450 specialists

  • Typically 5 to 10 years on-the-job training

  • Handle equities across all industries

  • Most individual specialists handle between 3 and 10 stocks


Stocks
Stocks

  • Each stock assigned to one firm

  • Stocks allocated one of two ways:

    • Allocation interviews

      • 3-5 Specialist firms participate in 30 minute interviews

        • Either by phone or in person

    • Assigned by NYSE Allocation Committee

  • Each stock trades at one location on floor


Specialists affirmative obligations
Specialists’ affirmative obligations

  • Specialists are traders of last resort.

    • Have to quote firm two-sided markets during trading hours.

  • Specialists have an obligation to smooth prices by intervening to prevent large price reversals (provide price continuity).

    • Expensive if informed traders in the market.

    • Profitable if the spread is wide because other traders are distracted.



Specialists also do
Specialists also do… of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

  • Specialists also work orders entrusted to them by floor brokers. Specialists generally charge brokers commissions for these services.

  • Specialists act as oral bulletin boards for brokers.

  • Specialists have a responsibility to make sure that all traders follow the exchange rules.

    • Conduct an orderly market.


Specialists negative obligations
Specialists’ negative obligations of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

  • Abide by order precedence rules, including public order precedence rule.

  • Public liquidity preservation principle is typically enforced at primary exchanges.

    • Specialists can trade only with incoming marketable orders.

  • Third market dealers and regional specialists are generally not subject to the public liquidity preservation principle.


Specialist privileges
Specialist privileges of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

  • Specialists can engage in:

    • Speculative trading on their own account based on their ability to predict short-term price changes

    • Quote-matching (see p. 249)

    • Cream-skimming - observe broker IDs for incoming market orders and step in front of the book by improving the price

    • Strategies to take advantage of stop orders


  • Specialists control the quotes of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

    • Limit display to top-of-file – most valuable

    • Constrained by order exposure rules

  • Specialists can stop incoming marketable orders.

  • Specialists conduct the open.

  • Specialists receive brokerage commissions for system orders.

  • Specialists have a unique information advantage that they can use to generate dealer profits.


Specialist profitability a challenging environment
Specialist Profitability: A Challenging Environment of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

  • Seat Prices Down 40% from highs

  • Current return on Specialist Capital near zero


Nyse seat sales december 2000 present
NYSE Seat Sales of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.December 2000 - Present


Top line revenue pressure
Top Line Revenue Pressure of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.


Specialist return on capital
Specialist Return On Capital of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.


Recent controversy
Recent Controversy of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

  • Issues surrounding former NYSE CEO Dick Grasso and SEC’s specialist investigation occur simultaneously

  • Results:

    • Reputation decline for NYSE

    • Decline in market share

    • Dual listing on NASDAQ of 7 stocks

    • Dramatic decrease in NASDAQ transfers

  • Despite these issues, NYSE still capturing bulk of IPO volume


Chapter 25 of their quotes, the depth at their quotes, and price continuity.

Internalization, Preferencing, and Crossing

Discuss JFE paper


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