Overview of agriculture in greece
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Overview of Agriculture in Greece. Greece. Population Density in Greece. Land Use in Greece. History of Greek Agriculture. Myth of Persephone Daughter of Zeus & Demeter (goddess of the Earth and Agriculture). Abducted by Hades, Lord of the Underworld. History Continued.

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Overview of Agriculture in Greece

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Overview of agriculture in greece

Overview of Agriculture in Greece


Greece

Greece


Population density in greece

Population Density in Greece


Land use in greece

Land Use in Greece


History of greek agriculture

History of Greek Agriculture

  • Myth of Persephone

    • Daughter of Zeus & Demeter (goddess of the Earth and Agriculture).

    • Abducted by Hades, Lord of the Underworld


History continued

History Continued

  • Ancient Greece: grew grapes, olives and cereals

  • During reign of Alexander the Great: introduced cotton and sugar beets

  • 13th-10th Centuries: invaded and occupied

  • 16th – 17th Centuries: new crops introduced after the discovery of the Americas (tobacco, tomato, pepper, etc)

  • After World War II: achieved self-sufficiency in food production

  • 1981: Greece enters E.E.C. and tries to modernize its rural economy


Today s agriculture

Today’s Agriculture

  • Total land area of country =13.2 million ha

    • Agriculture = 9.1million ha

    • Forests = 2.9 million ha

  • Agriculture=9.1 million ha

    • Cultivated = 3.9 million ha

      • 56% in plains

      • 44% mountainous or semi-mountainous

    • Pastureland = 5.2 million ha

    • Fallow = 0.5 million ha (of Cultivated land mass)

  • 1/3 of Cultivated land is irrigated


A comparison

A Comparison

Country is equal to the size of Alabama


Region s major crops

Region’s Major Crops


Export imports

Export / Imports

  • Net importer of agricultural goods from US

  • Key Figures for Greece’s Agricultural Sector

  • Figures Shown in $ Million


Overview of agriculture in greece

**Production does not meet domestic demands.


Today s greek farms

Today’s Greek Farms

  • Average Farm Size: 4.4 Ha or 10.87 acres

    • 50 Ha or 123.55 acres is a LARGE operation

  • Small parcels of land, when parent dies- land is divided among children.

  • Tree plots for daughter’s dowry


Mentality

Mentality

  • Change

    • Farmers don’t like change (plowing down a field, irrigation timing)

    • Don’t always want others to succeed

  • GMO’s

    • Not supportive of GMO technology

    • Want proof it doesn’t hurt environment

    • Rat genes

    • Biological methods of control


Cooperative movement

Cooperative Movement

  • 7,200 cooperatives in present Greece

  • Panhellenic Confederation of Unions of Agricultural Cooperatives, a non profit organization founded in 1935,

    • Represents 746.812 Greek Farmers

    • 6.350 Agricultural Cooperatives (1st level organizations)

    • 114 Unions of Agricultural Cooperatives (2nd level organizations).

  • European Level: Copa-Cogeca


Organic production

Organic Production

  • 1982: Commercial organic production

    • Demand for organic raisins from Dutch

  • 1986: German firm supported organic olive and olive oil exports

  • 1996: introduction of subsidy program increase organic production


Greek agriculture subsidies programs

Greek Agriculture Subsidies Programs

  • Heavily subsidized

  • Farmers will collect subsidies regardless of their production levels.

  • Show that they planted the crop, no need to harvest crop

  • Subsidies dictate production


Important calculations

Important Calculations

  • 1 Liter = .2642 (.25) Gallons

  • 1 Hectare = 2.471 Acres

  • 1 Bushel = 56 Pounds (corn)

  • 1 Metric Ton = 2200 pounds

  • 1 Kilo = 2.2 pounds

    So: If we had a corn crop of 5.81 Metric tons/hectare, what is that in bushels/acre?

    5.81*2200 = 12,782 pounds

    12,782 pounds /56 pounds per bushel = 228.25 bushels/hectare

    228.25 bushels / 2.471 = 92.371bushels/acre


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