Overview of agriculture in greece
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Overview of Agriculture in Greece. Greece. Population Density in Greece. Land Use in Greece. History of Greek Agriculture. Myth of Persephone Daughter of Zeus & Demeter (goddess of the Earth and Agriculture). Abducted by Hades, Lord of the Underworld. History Continued.

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Overview of agriculture in greece

Overview of Agriculture in Greece





History of greek agriculture
History of Greek Agriculture

  • Myth of Persephone

    • Daughter of Zeus & Demeter (goddess of the Earth and Agriculture).

    • Abducted by Hades, Lord of the Underworld


History continued
History Continued

  • Ancient Greece: grew grapes, olives and cereals

  • During reign of Alexander the Great: introduced cotton and sugar beets

  • 13th-10th Centuries: invaded and occupied

  • 16th – 17th Centuries: new crops introduced after the discovery of the Americas (tobacco, tomato, pepper, etc)

  • After World War II: achieved self-sufficiency in food production

  • 1981: Greece enters E.E.C. and tries to modernize its rural economy


Today s agriculture
Today’s Agriculture

  • Total land area of country =13.2 million ha

    • Agriculture = 9.1million ha

    • Forests = 2.9 million ha

  • Agriculture=9.1 million ha

    • Cultivated = 3.9 million ha

      • 56% in plains

      • 44% mountainous or semi-mountainous

    • Pastureland = 5.2 million ha

    • Fallow = 0.5 million ha (of Cultivated land mass)

  • 1/3 of Cultivated land is irrigated


A comparison
A Comparison

Country is equal to the size of Alabama



Export imports
Export / Imports

  • Net importer of agricultural goods from US

  • Key Figures for Greece’s Agricultural Sector

  • Figures Shown in $ Million



Today s greek farms
Today’s Greek Farms

  • Average Farm Size: 4.4 Ha or 10.87 acres

    • 50 Ha or 123.55 acres is a LARGE operation

  • Small parcels of land, when parent dies- land is divided among children.

  • Tree plots for daughter’s dowry


Mentality
Mentality

  • Change

    • Farmers don’t like change (plowing down a field, irrigation timing)

    • Don’t always want others to succeed

  • GMO’s

    • Not supportive of GMO technology

    • Want proof it doesn’t hurt environment

    • Rat genes

    • Biological methods of control


Cooperative movement
Cooperative Movement

  • 7,200 cooperatives in present Greece

  • Panhellenic Confederation of Unions of Agricultural Cooperatives, a non profit organization founded in 1935,

    • Represents 746.812 Greek Farmers

    • 6.350 Agricultural Cooperatives (1st level organizations)

    • 114 Unions of Agricultural Cooperatives (2nd level organizations).

  • European Level: Copa-Cogeca


Organic production
Organic Production

  • 1982: Commercial organic production

    • Demand for organic raisins from Dutch

  • 1986: German firm supported organic olive and olive oil exports

  • 1996: introduction of subsidy program increase organic production


Greek agriculture subsidies programs
Greek Agriculture Subsidies Programs

  • Heavily subsidized

  • Farmers will collect subsidies regardless of their production levels.

  • Show that they planted the crop, no need to harvest crop

  • Subsidies dictate production


Important calculations
Important Calculations

  • 1 Liter = .2642 (.25) Gallons

  • 1 Hectare = 2.471 Acres

  • 1 Bushel = 56 Pounds (corn)

  • 1 Metric Ton = 2200 pounds

  • 1 Kilo = 2.2 pounds

    So: If we had a corn crop of 5.81 Metric tons/hectare, what is that in bushels/acre?

    5.81*2200 = 12,782 pounds

    12,782 pounds /56 pounds per bushel = 228.25 bushels/hectare

    228.25 bushels / 2.471 = 92.371bushels/acre


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