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Gabe Tucker, Ashlee Shoup , Hunter Spalenka , Brynne Davies- Hackenberg. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION : PURPOSE AND PROCESS. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION: PURPOSE AND PROCESS. The word “mummy” comes from the Arabic word “ mumiya ” which means “a body preserved in bitomen ”

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Gabe tucker ashlee shoup hunter spalenka brynne davies hackenberg

Gabe Tucker, Ashlee Shoup, Hunter Spalenka, BrynneDavies-Hackenberg

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION: PURPOSE AND PROCESS

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION: PURPOSE AND PROCESS


Mummies

The word “mummy” comes from the

Arabic word “mumiya” which means “a body preserved in bitomen”

They believed that the body was still needed for their next life

Mummification is the process of preserving and embalming the dead body in the belief that the body would be needed in the afterlife

Mummies


History

In the Old Kingdom, only Pharaohs and their top advisors were mummified

In the Middle and New Kingdoms, the general population was mummified

The tradition started with

myths of ancient Egyptian gods

History


Purpose

Every person was believed to have three souls, Ka, Ba, and Akh

They were mummified to preserve bodies for the afterlife

Purpose


Process

  • It was very long and expensive Akh

  • There were three basic ways

  • The poor people had graves near the desert because the hot and dry climate caused mummification naturally

  • It took 70 days

    • 15 to clean

    • 40 to dry

    • 15 to wrap and paint

Process


First way to mummify

An announcement of death would be made. Akh

The body would be stripped and placed on a board

The brain would be taken out

The chest would be cut open and the organs were removed, except for the heart

The body cavity was dried out

The body was wrapped

A burial mast was placed over the body

The body was placed in a sarcophagus

First way to mummify


Second way to mummify

Inject body with cedar oil through the rectum Akh

Dry the body with Natron

Second and third way of mummification are very similar

Second way to mummify


At first the organs were placed inside of AkhCanopic jars

Later they started returning the organs to the body

Solid wood jars or stone Canopic jars were buried wit the mummy to symbolically protect the internal organs

Resemble four gods known as the sons of Horus

INTERNAL ORGANS

INTERNAL ORGANS


Organ protectors
Organ Protectors Akh

Imsety the human – looks after the liver

Hapy the baboon – looks after the lungs

Duamutef the jackal – looks after the stomach

Qebehsenuef the falcon – looks after the intestines


Mummification
Mummification Akh

The type of mummification depended upon the family’s wealth

Some bodies became mummies because they were favorable natural conditions when they died, other were preserved and buried with care


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