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Picture Examination. What’s going on in the picture? Who is fighting in the picture? What do you think is the significance of the picture?. The Crusades. The Crusades. 1095 – 1291 Goals of the Crusades: Convert nonbelievers Eliminate heretics Regain Holy Land from Muslims.

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picture examination
Picture Examination
  • What’s going on in the picture?
  • Who is fighting in the picture?
  • What do you think is the significance of the picture?
the crusades1
The Crusades
  • 1095–1291
  • Goals of the Crusades:
    • Convert nonbelievers
    • Eliminate heretics
    • Regain Holy Land from Muslims

Louis IX of France leads crusaders against Damietta, in Egypt

conflict why fight
Conflict-Why Fight?
  • Liberate Jerusalem from Muslims-religious fervor
    • Infidels-non-believers.
  • Adventure
  • Fighting someone else rather than each other
  • Land
  • Riches and title.
pope urban ii
Pope Urban II
  • 1095: Pope Urban II’s speech
    • Promised spiritual rewards
    • Thousands responded to the call for religious warriors

Pope Urban II calling for the Crusades

religion and philosophy
Religion and Philosophy
  • Christianity vs. Islam-main conflict.
  • Christianity vs. Christianity
    • Catholics vs. Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire.
  • Christianity vs. Judaism.
    • Jews were persecuted and killed by the Crusaders.
technology and innovation social impacts
Technology and Innovation- Social Impacts
  • Ending of feudal system.
    • Less nobles
  • Catholic Church became powerful.
    • Took lands for money, spiritual guidance
  • Brought Eastern science to Europe
  • Crusaders “rediscovered” Greek and Roman knowledge.
    • Sig: Both led to Renaissance
social impacts con t
Social Impacts (con’t)
  • Chivalry.
  • Refined Europe, made it “civilized.”
  • Marco Polo traveling to China.
    • 1279, Venetian merchant.
    • Sig: Impacted Columbus later.
  • Rise of merchant class.
    • Gave out loans to feudal lords in exchange for special charters privileges.
    • Where in Europe were most merchants located? Where did the Renaissance start?
technology and innovation political impacts
Technology and Innovation-Political Impacts
  • Monarchs gained more power.
  • Allowed Europe to stay Christian.
  • Gave Europeans a sense of self.
trade and economy economic commerical impacts
Trade and Economy-Economic/Commerical Impacts
  • New fabrics (silk), spices, perfumes, goods (pearls, ivory) introduced.
    • Words: sugar, cotton, rice.
  • Increased need for goods from Orient.
  • Rise of Italian city-states as middle-men.
  • Rise in money economy.
the first crusade 1096 1099
1096: Mostly French knights

Captured Jerusalem in 1099

Crusader states

Jerusalem taken by Muslim forces under Saladin in 1187

The First Crusade (1096–1099)

A depiction of the capture of Jerusalem by crusaders

other crusades
Other Crusades
  • Major and minor crusades took place between the 12th and 14th centuries
  • Christians unsuccessful at recapturing the Holy Land
  • Popes invoked crusades more often and for non-spiritual purposes
  • Legacy of the Crusades:
    • Increased trade
    • Religious tensions arose

The Crusade on Constantinople

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Crusades were a series of religious wars between Christianity and Islam.
  • Crusaders brought back new goods and ideas from the Middle East.
    • Greek and Roman knowledge, Arabs and Byzantines preserved it.
    • New goods and stories of China by Marco Polo also led to European desire for Asian goods.
group activity
Group Activity
  • Put your name on the back of the paper.
  • Imagine yourselves as the Muslims at the time of the Crusades.
  • You will be creating a dramatic propaganda poster to promote or inspire the Muslims to fight against the Crusaders.
  • Your poster must have a slogan and a picture.
  • Make it as neat and nice as possible.
  • Due in 30 minutes.
activity
Activity
  • Put your name on the back of the paper.
  • Imagine yourselves as the Muslims at the time of the Crusades.
  • You will be creating a dramatic propaganda poster to promote or inspire the Muslims to fight against the Crusaders.
  • Your poster must have a slogan and a picture.
  • Make it as neat and nice as possible.
  • Due in 30 minutes.
group activity1
Group Activity
  • You will be graded on:
    • How well you fulfill your role.
    • How well you follow directions.
    • How neat and organized your chart is.
    • How well you listen to your classmates by taking notes on the other groups’ presentations.
group activity2
Group Activity
  • You will be split into groups of 3. One person will be the leader and the others will be presenters.
  • You will all be given a paper with 3 columns on it, you will all be writing information on it.
  • You will also be given a paper with a list of the effects of the Crusades on Europe on it, you may write on this.
  • Task: As a group, divide the list into social, political, and economic impacts and write them in the appropriate column.
  • Talk about them and decide as a group where each term will go.
  • You may write 3 to 5 key words to help you remember the terms on your paper.
  • You will be given 30 minutes, we will discuss it after.
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