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‘Greening’ the CAP. Brian Fuller Sarah Hauser Daria Kuznetsova Luis Suarez-Isaza Joe Wales. AGENDA. Our Pitch Proposed Changes to CAP Two-Part strategy Public Mobilization Member State Negotiations in European Parliament and Council of Ministers Recommendations. PROPOSITION.

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greening the cap

‘Greening’ the CAP

Brian Fuller

Sarah Hauser

Daria Kuznetsova

Luis Suarez-Isaza

Joe Wales

  • Our Pitch
  • Proposed Changes to CAP
  • Two-Part strategy
    • Public Mobilization
    • Member State Negotiations in European Parliament and Council of Ministers
  • Recommendations
public mobilisation

The CAP has been historically difficult to change:

1) Limited counter lobbying

  • Collective action problems amongst taxpayers
  • Lack of common interests amongst lobby groups
  • No unifying political entrepreneur

2) Lack of awareness of the European public

  • 53% have never heard of the CAP
  • 24% accurately listed the CAP as one of the four largest items of EU Budget spending
strategy for public mobilisation
  • European Citizens’ Initiative
  • Oxfam as “spearhead organization” to act as agenda setter

3) Mobilization of other lobbying bodies such as:

    • Environment NGOs
    • Non-agricultural business groups
    • Urban trade unions
    • Other Development organisations
eci details
ECI Details

European Citizens’ Initiative

  • 1 million signatures from at least a third of member states (nine)
  • Once registered, the commission gives decisions on whether it is going to propose the legislation within four months
  • Organisers of an initiative have to prove they are not lobbyists
  • Safeguards built into the process
  • EU Commission hopes to have it up and running by December
  • Crowded Budgetary Needs
  • Unsustainable Pillar I Expansion
    • New Member Nations Expect Parity
  • Accountability to mobilized domestic constituencies
    • Lobbies
    • Public Opinion
    • Dispel the “Democratic Deficit”
  • Growing Preference for Rural Development
green energy development
  • Pillar II funds can be used for alternative energy
  • Green energy investment
    • Creation of jobs in green business operations
    • Support for CAP reform from manufacturing lobby
    • Development of rural areas
  • EU target of generating 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.
  • Energy Security
    • Lower prices
    • Energy Independence from Russia
european parliament
  • Similar motivations and reservations
  • Features of Parliament which are particularly conducive to CAP reform:
    • Populist leanings of MEPs
    • EP’s Absolute Majority requires 376 of 761 votes proportionally fewer than any minimum coalition satisfying the QMV-majority
key actors
Key Actors


HenrikHøegh, Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries

  • Most absolute anti-CAP stances
  • Presidency from Jan 2012


IlseAigner, Minister for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection

  • Strong bargaining position
  • Shift Pillar I to II, vague on absolute funding
  • Benefit from Green Tech Investment

United Kingdom

Caroline Spelman, Secretary of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

  • Rebate Renewal vs CAP restructuring

  • Monitor European Citizens Initiative developments
  • Begin public mobilisation strategy in advance of the ECI
  • Encourage the UK or another country to take a leading role in negotiating for the proposed reform
  • Incentivise and protect the core coalition actors
  • Eurobarometer Report Europeans, Agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (2008), p4.
  • Eurobarometer70 Public Opinion in the European Union (2008), p68
  • European Trade Union Confederation Position of the ETUC on the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference (2005), section 1, a-d.
  • BusinessEuropeGo For Growth: An Agenda for the European Union in 2010-2014 (2010), p14 & p16
  • Taxpayer’s Alliance Research Note 46- The Great European Rip-Off (2009), p4.
  • Which? (Formerly UK Consumers Association) Hungry for Change? Which? Healthier Choice Progress Report (2009), p26.
  • Various examples, see particularly Oxfam The Time is Now: How world leaders should respond to the food price crisis (2008), p7-8. Also for the USA Oxfam Square pegs in Round holes: How the Farm Bill squanders chances for a pro-development trade deal (2008).
  • Eurobarometer 70 (2008) (p68) asked those surveyed to list their 4 priority areas for EU Budget spending. Aggregating across the EU Agriculture and Rural Development came ninth with only 14% of Europeans allocating one of their 4 preferences to it. This compares with Climate Change & Environmental Protection (5th with 23%) and Energy Issues (6th with 22%).
  • Jambor and Harvey 2010 CAP Reform Options: A Challenge for Analysis & Synthesis
  • Majority Calculator for Council Decisions, German Federal Ministry of Economics and TechnologyLandgrebe et al 2009 German Perspectives on the Current CAP Reform
  • Defra and HM Treasury, A Vision for the Common Agricultural Policy, December 2005
  • Council for the Rural Area, Implementation and Vision of Common Agricultural Policy,Fact Sheet - Italy
  • Eurobarometer 70 – National Report Italy (2008) p5
  • Eurobarometer 262 (2007) Special Energy Policy survey EU-25
  • Birdlife International (2008) Debating the Future of the Common Agricultural Policy, Country Profiles
  •  Euractiv.comCall for EU budget reform to match green priorities