BILITERACY OUTSIDE THE BOX: Meeting the Needs of Struggling Second Language Learners. LUPE LLOYD & ASSOCIATES, INC. PROFILE OF A GRADUATE. THINK GLOBAL CONTEXT THINK ECONOMIC CONTEXT THINK TECHNOLOGY CONTEXT THINK ACADEMIC CONTEXT THINK SOCIAL CONTEXT THINK LITERACY CONTEXT
LUPE LLOYD & ASSOCIATES, INC.
THINK GLOBAL CONTEXT
THINK ECONOMIC CONTEXT
THINK TECHNOLOGY CONTEXT
THINK ACADEMIC CONTEXT
THINK SOCIAL CONTEXT
THINK LITERACY CONTEXT
THINK LINGUISTIC CONTEXT
THINK PERSONAL CONTEXT
This actually slows down language acquisition and causes cognitive regressions. They need both to accelerate academically.
REASERCH BASED BEST PRACTICES
Recognized by U.S. Department of Education for
Academic development in two languages Pre-K – 5th
Continued development at secondary level or third language.
Students acquire AP Credits for college in Spanish and graduate with three languages.
Simultaneous literacy development
Explicit balanced literacy development in both languages
No transition, only biliteracy development
Academic development in two languages in ELA, Math, Science, and Social Studies.
Closes language and academic gaps by third grade.
Most students have the capacity to test on the STAAR in English 3rd-5th
Biliteracy development continues beyond English acquisition
Students are assessed continuously in two languages
Data driven decisions are used for needed interventions
Long Term Treatment
Optimal Input in Two Languages
Integration of ELA to curriculum
Separation of Languages
Explicit language arts and content instruction are provided in both languages systematically throughout their development
Program design and curriculum are faithfully implemented
Teachers use a variety of strategies to ensure student comprehension
Instruction promotes metalinguistic awareness and metacognitive skills
Comprehensive data and accountability system based on State and Federal Standards
Students are assessed in both languages
MUST BE DONE IN TWO LANGUAGES!!
LANGUAGE AND VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT
ACADEMIC LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY
CRITICAL READING SKILLS
NEWS OF THE DAY
HIGH FREQUENCY WORDS
LANGUAGE AND LITERACY DEVELOPMENT
Spanish only has five vowels and vowel sounds for the future?
Spanish is a syllabic language
There are no variations
English has many vowel sounds
Based on individual phonemic sounds
1,120 letter combinations to make 44 soundsSPANISH VS ENGLISHCOMPARISON
Begin in Spanish and transition to English by 3 for the future?rd or 4th grade
Sometimes at the expense of their Spanish
OR Sometimes they never transition and we hope it happens in middle school where all curricular materials are in English
Usually blocks of one hour during the day
May also include teaching Math and Science in English
Beware of Dual Language Models that use transitional practices
Begins in Spanish and gradually transitions to English
May bridge from one language to another but no equal access to literacy in the second language.
Sometimes at the expense of their first language
OR Sometimes they never transition
Usually 90/10, 80/20, 70/30, 60/40
upper grades are sometimes 50/50
May also include teaching of Math and Science in English
Beware of Biliteracy Models that use transitional practicesTRANSITIONAL MODELS