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The Yanomamo. The Last Major Stone Age People on Earth. The Yanomamo. Live in Amazon Basin in Venezuela and Brazil. The Yanomamo. An Anthopologist, Kenneth Good Married a woman from the tribe he was studying. He moved her to Pa in 1988 In 1993, she returned to her people

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The Yanomamo

The Last Major Stone Age People on Earth


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The Yanomamo

  • Live in Amazon Basin in Venezuela and Brazil


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The Yanomamo

  • An Anthopologist, Kenneth Good Married a woman from the tribe he was studying. He moved her to Pa in 1988

  • In 1993, she returned to her people

  • What would happen if this nation was transplanted to Dallas, LA or New York City?


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The Chicago School II

SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY


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Shaw and McKay

Park and Burgess’ Concentric Zone Model


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Concentric Zone Model

  • Rates for Delinquency were highest at the Center and Declined as one Moved away from the Center

    • ALL Rates were higher



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Shaw and McKay

The City is an Organism

Life Experience Varied from one location to another

Values and Norms are Transmitted from Neighborhoods

Delinquency is a Systemic Problem


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Social Disorganization

Rapid Changes in industrialization or Immigration

Decline in Effectiveness of Informal Social Control (Social Disorganization)

Development of delinquency areas: Geographically Rooted


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Primary Relationships

  • The Weakening of Primary Relationships causes Social Disorganization

  • Primary Relationships: Family Friendships

    • Social controls

  • Rodney Stark (1987)High Rates of Deviance is from: Density, Poverty, Mixed Use, Transience and Dilapidation


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Symbolic Interactionism

  • Human Behavior is a Product of Social Symbols Communicated between individuals

  • During the Process of Communicating, we Define ourselves and others

  • We form our Self Concept from our perception of what others think of us

  • This is a Labeling Theory Concept


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Sellin: Culture Conflict and Crime

Conduct Norms

  • Primary conflict

    • When Two Different Cultures Govern Behavior

  • Secondary Conflict

    • Smaller Subcultures Form


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Elements of Cultural Deviance Theory

  • Poverty

  • Socialization

  • Subculture

  • Success Goal

  • Crime and Delinquency

  • Criminal Careers


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Social Disorganization Theory ( Sampson and Groves)

  • Low Economic status

  • Mixture of Different Ethnic Groups

  • Highly Mobile Residents in and out of the Area

  • Disrupted Families and Broken Homes


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African American Sociologists

  • “high Black Crime Rates are , in large measure, the result of where they live”(Rodney Stark,1987)

  • During the period following slavery, disorientation of societal norms (Work, 1939)

  • Patterns of delinquent behavior beginning at 11-12 years (Frazier, 1939)


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Rodney Starks theory of Deviant Neighborhoods

  • Dense Neighborhoods have Crowded homes

  • Crowded homes force family members outside: Increase opportunity to deviate

  • Lower levels of supervision of children

  • Poor School Achievement

  • Mixed use Neighborhoods

  • Increased Opportunity for Deviance


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Empirical Support of Social Disorganization

Two Data Gathering Methods:

  • Official Data

    • Crime figures,census reports, housing and welfare records

  • Life History

    • Folk psychology or “ethnography”


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Policy Implications of the Chicago School(and its offshoots)

  • Urban Renewal Projects: Environmental Design: Crime Prevention should focus on the environment rather than the offender

  • Defensible Space Architecture: The Federal government adopted these concepts into public buildings and planning


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Policy Implications of the Chicago School(and its offshoots)

  • Operation Weed and Seed: Weed out negative influences and Seed the neighborhoods

    • Coordination with law enforcement

    • Weed out traffickers

    • Community Policing

    • Seeding by youth activity


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Policy Implications of the Chicago School(and its offshoots)

  • Conditions of Parole and Probation

    • As a condition of your probation, you are not allowed to associate with any other probationers…

  • The Chicago Area Project(1934)

    • Recreational Facilities for youth

    • Existed from 1934-present 70 YEARS!

    • Direct service, advocacy and community involvement