The new south
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The New South. During and After Reconstruction America’s Journey: Chapter 2 . I. The Economy. A. Rail road boom improves transportation around the South and across the nation B. Factories produce variety of goods and employ 1000’sof people but at lower wages than in the North

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The New South

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The new south

The New South

During and After Reconstruction

America’s Journey: Chapter 2


I the economy

I. The Economy

A. Rail road boom improves transportation around the South and across the nation

B. Factories produce variety of goods and employ 1000’sof people but at lower wages than in the North

c. New Industries broke reliance on cotton but still a small percentage of national manufacturing

D. Migration from rural areas to urban areas enlarge cities

E. Newspapers, consumer goods, new values

F. Little electrification, telephone, public health services, or public schools


Ii society

II. Society

  • Continued isolation—did not encourage broader/modern point of view

  • Southern women stay at home or on farm but get involved in civic issues (white and black)

  • Democratic Party was dominated by whites for over 80 years

  • Race Relations

    1. 1st generation of freedmen wanted more political access

    2. White response was aggressive denial of rights through Jim Crow laws, Black Codes, segregation, intimidation (KKK)


Iii farmers and the agrarian revolt

III. Farmers and the “Agrarian Revolt”

  • Farmers went into tremendous debt due to high credit—a spiral of loss, debt, more loss, more debt, eventually loss of farm and home.

  • Farmers Organized to stop losses due to debt and unite to fight common problems

    • Grange (Patrons of Husbandry)-local help

    • Agricultural Wheel—direct purchases, fed programs

    • Southern Farmers Alliance—coops and direct marketing

    • Colored Farmers Alliance—tenant and sharecroppers


Iv sub treasury plan

IV. Sub-treasury Plan

1. Alliance members put crops in warehouse

2. Gov. would lend them 80% of its value

3. Cotton kept off the market until prices rose

4. Prices didn’t rise---plan failed--Alliance membership declined

5. New Party arose in 1892: Populist Party


V populists

V. Populists

  • Farmers in the South turned to Democratic Party to solve problems

  • Farmers in the North turned to Republican Party to solve problems

  • Both parties failed to help farmers

  • Farmers left to create the “People’s Party” which became known as the “Populist Party”


Homework assignment

Homework Assignment

  • Read pages 38-48 in your textbook at home, especially the Conclusion and Summary on 47-48.

  • Define the Key Terms on Page 49.

  • Describe Ida B. Wells.


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