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Literature and History (3): Michel Foucault:. His Views on History & New Historicism. Q & A . (Discourse  Power and Subjectivity) What do you know about Foucault so far? (Discourse  history )

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literature and history 3 michel foucault

Literature and History (3):Michel Foucault:

His Views on History &

New Historicism

slide2
Q & A

(Discourse  Power and Subjectivity)

  • What do you know about Foucault so far?

(Discourse  history)

  • What does it mean to say that Foucault “historicize discourse” and “textualize history” (textbook: 116)
  • Why is history not ‘linear’ for Foucault?
foucault traditional historicism vs archaelogy
Foucault: traditional historicism vs. Archaelogy
  • Traditional Historicism – the ‘past’ as a unified entity, with coherent development and organized by fixed categories such as ‘author,’‘spirit,’‘period’ and ‘nation.’
  • History as Archive: intersections of multiple discourses, with gaps and discontinuity, like book stacks in a library.  archeology: a painstaking rediscovery of struggles
foucault historicize discourse
Foucault: “historicize discourse”
  • Every sentiment is in a certain discourse, and thus historically conditioned. Textbook 117
  • effective history:
  • knowledge as perspective, with slant and limitations;
  • working ‘without constants;
  • Working not to discover ‘ourselves,’ but to introduce discontinuity in histories as well as in us.
thick description
Thick Description
  • To “sort out the structures [discourses] of signification”
  • Cultures, people and texts, all as ‘ensemble of texts.’ (121)
context as con texts
Context as Con-texts
  • Traditional view

World

Work: symbols,

Characters,

Allegory, etc.

context as con texts1
Context as Con-texts

Episteme

  • N-H view
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