http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/video/jointrom/goniometer/index.html. CDC Goniometer links! Open each link and take copious notes!. How is measurement influenced by the following?. Movement /Isolation of the joint Injury Pain. Using the goniometer.
Flexion/Extension of the hip, knee, elbow
Shoulder Flexion, Elbow pronation and supination
Ankle dorsiflexion, plantar flexion
Please note that goniometers are different. There are more than one type. Use this as a guideline.
What might cause a patient to be
unable to measure hip extension or
begin at 0 degrees?