Bible Timeline Study. 8-week Fall S ession : September 11 th – October 30 th Day Sessions:9:30 am – 11:00 am Evening Sessions7:00 pm – 8:30 pm Facilitator:Ed Koszykowski , Coordinator of Parish Ministries Session 1. Eight Week Breakout. Week 1Introduction
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Bible Timeline Study
8-week Fall Session: September 11th – October 30th
Day Sessions:9:30 am – 11:00 am
Evening Sessions7:00 pm – 8:30 pm
Coordinator of Parish Ministries
Week 2The Early World (Creation Story)
Week 3The Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac & Jacob)
Week 4Egypt & Exodus Desert Wanderings
Week 5Conquest & Judges (The Royal Kingdom)
Week 6The Divided Kingdom & Exile
Week 7The Return & The Maccabean Revolution
Week 8The Messianic Fulfillment & The Early Church
Opening Prayer and Review15 minutes
View DVD30 minutes
Session Break10 minutes
Facilitator’s Insights 10 minutes
Questions & Answers20 minutes
Wrap-up and Closing Prayer 5 minutes
The Book of Genesis (meaning origin) covers the time from creation to the Israelite sojourn in Egypt and it is comprised of 50 chapters .Chapters 1-11 tell the story of creation and how the blessing of God enabled humanity to multiply, diversify, and disperse on the face of the earth. Today’s DVD will cover this period from chaos to God’s creation of the world and to the Tower of Babel (more chaos).Chapters 12- 50 address God’s covenant with the biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and the limited family history of Israel’s ancestors (Abraham and Sarah (chs 12-25); Isaac and Rebekah and their twin sons Esau and Jacob (chs 26-46) ; and Jacob’s family, the chief member of which was Joseph (chs 37-50)The Book of Genesis concludes with the death of Joseph. Session 2
The Creation Story
The primary purpose of this book is not to present straightforward history but to tell the dramatic story of God’s dealings with the world and, in particular, to interpret Israel’s special role in God’s purpose.Scholars believe that there are four major traditions or sources of the Pentateuch books also known as the Books of Moses:Yahwists lived in Jerusalem around 960 BCE (period of King Solomon) whose name for God was Yahweh (the Lord) or Yahweh Elohim (the Lord God)Elohists lived in Samaria 9th to 8th BCE whose name for God was Elohim (God)Deuternomists who lived in/near Jerusalem around 721 BCE and whose name for God was Yahweh (the Lord)Priestly who lived during the exile (587-538 BCE) and post-exile Jerusalem and whose name for God was Elohim (God)
Scholars believe Moses is the patron of these five books of the Pentateuch and is the ancestor to whom ancient Israel dedicated these traditions.
Note:Two creation stories – Gen. 1:1 – 2:3; and Gen. 2:4 – the end of chapter 3.
First creation story – God is called Elohim (God)
Second creation story God is called Yahweh Elohim (the Lord God) Session 2
The PatriarchsAbraham, Isaac and Jacob
Gen. 17:1-27 describes the “everlasting covenant” between God and Abraham. Covenant is a relationship between a superior and inferior party – the former making or establishing the bond. It is an everlasting covenant because it is grounded in the sovereign will of God and not in human behavior. It also guarantees the Promised Land in the land of Canaan as a perpetual holding.
Gen. 17:5 - God bestows upon Abram a new name Abraham (Hebrew for ancestor of a multitude) signifying a new relationship or status.
Gen. 21: 1-12 tells of the story of Isaac and Ishmael. Although Isaac was designated to continue Abraham’s line, Ishmael (meaning God hears) too was promised a great future. He and his mother, Hagar, become the line through which Islam traces its origin to Abraham.
Note: Gen. 16:10 – The angel of the Lord promises Hagar that the Lord “will greatly multiply her offspring that they cannot be counted for multitude”.
Gen. 22: 1-19 narrates the testing of Abraham in offering his only son, Isaac. Why this story and what kind of a God would ask such an offering? Place the story in the context of the time and culture.
People believed in the existence of multiple Gods and sought to appease their anger by offering their “most prized possession – their first born son”. For Abraham, this was his only son by Sarah.
Abraham’s God had earlier promised numerous ancestors through Isaac.
Abraham’s ancestors to this day would see this God, Yahweh, as a different God who no longer desired human sacrifice, but, who for us Christians would eventually sacrifice His only begotten Son in Jesus Christ for all of us.
Note in Gen. 25:1-18 the death of Abraham that both Isaac and Ishmael are reunited to bury their father, Abraham.(Gen. 25:9)
The two “crucial experiences” of Israel’s religious traditions are the exodus from Egypt and the revelation of Mount Sinai.
The Book of Exodus bears witness to the meaning of these two experiences: God’s action to liberate a band of slaves from bondage and to make them a community bound in covenant with their liberating God.
Various lines of evidence point to the period of 1350-1200 BC as the most probable historic setting for the Exodus.
At the center of these experiences stands Moses (Mes in Egyptian meaning son and Masheh meaning deliver in Hebrew).
Moses is called by YAHWEH (meaning I am who I am) to be the prophetic interpreter of God’s liberating action and the priestly mediator of the covenant between God and the people.
Moses originally flees Egypt to the wilderness after killing an Egyptian and is wanted dead or alive by pharaoh.
Yahweh calls him by name, telling Moses that “I have heard the cry of my people…and I have come down to deliver them from the Egyptians to a land flowing with milk and honey..” (Ex. 3:7-8).
Moses returns to Egypt with his brother Aaron and meets with the elders of the Israelites to convey YAHWEH’s message and “the people believed. (Ex. 4:31)
Moses and Aaron meet with pharaoh who dismisses their God and orders even harsher conditions for the enslaved Israelites and they no longer listen to Moses’ promises of YAHWEH’s freeing them for they have become broken in spirit.
God responds saying to Moses: “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you and your brother Aaron shall tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of the land. I will harden Pharaoh’s heart…” (Ex. 7:1-3)
Egypt experiences the ten plagues beginning with the water of the Nile river turning to blood to the tenth plague in which the Egyptian people, to include pharaoh, will experience the death of their firstborn child. Pharaoh will finally relent and allow the Israelites to leave. (Ex. 12:29-51)
The plagues demonstrate the power of God over all creation and the
supremacy of YAHWEH over all the false Gods worshipped by the Egyptian people.
They also affirm YAHWEH’s fidelity to His covenant with His People!
In the Hebrew Bible, the book is appropriately called “In the Wilderness”
Much of the forty years are situated in the oasis known as Kadesh-barnea where they arrived after the march from Mt. Sinai.
The lessons of the wilderness experience:
The Israelites experience in the wilderness would illustrate the personal struggles of a people who wrestled with the relative security of slavery in Egypt and the precarious insecurity of freedom in the wilderness. Such struggles would include:
Power struggles amongst the leaders as to who speaks for God
Crises of faith and trust in this God YAHWEH
Yet, these narratives from the Book of Numbers are also infused with the Israelite’s conviction and remembrance that, despite their blindness and rebelliousness, YAHWEH was faithful to promises made to their ancestors.
The wilderness experience would also discipline them so as to render them totally dependent upon their God who both liberated them from bondage and strengthened them for the challenges of a life in the Promised Land.
The Pentateuch or Torah conveys a history, inspired by the Spirit of God, of a people with their God spanning from the creation of the universe to the eve of Israel’s entrance into the Promised Land.
Genesis narrates the creation of the world from chaos, to the first couple, and the earliest ancestors of the Israelites (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph).
Exodus is the heart of the Pentateuch for Jewish people dealing with the exodus out of Egypt and the sojourn at Mt. Sinai. All Jewish tradition reaches back to these “root experiences” which constitute a basic understanding for the Jewish people in our times of their identity and the identity and character of their GOD YAHWEH.
Leviticus is pre-eminently a book of worship and refers to the Levitical priests (of the Levi tribe) providing the laws dealing with sacrifice, the consecration of priests to office, purity laws, atonement ceremonies, laws governing daily life, and an appendix for religious vows.
Numbers chronicles the wanderings of the first Exodus generation and the subsequent generation that would be led into the Promised Land.
Deuteronomy (the Second Law) reaffirms the covenant between YAHWEH And the people of Israel. It is purported to be Moses’ farewell address to the people in which he recounts the mighty acts of the Lord, solemnly warns of the temptation of the news ways of Canaan, and pleads for loyalty to and love of God as the condition for life in the Promised Land. A distinctive teaching of Deuteronomy is that the worship of the Lord was to be centralized in one place and when this book was written the Jerusalem temple was regarded as the central sanctuary. Deuteronomy concludes with the death of Moses.
The Torah comprises 3 covenants : the first made with Noah in Gen. 9:1-17 concerning all humanity, the non-human creatures and the earth itself; the second with Abraham and Sarah guaranteeing Israel the promise of land, posterity, and relationship with God Gen. 17: 1-21; and the third mediated with Moses at Mount Sinai (Ex. 19-24) which is regarded as a ratification and extension of the covenant with the ancestors.
The Book of Joshua
The stories in this book are very harsh and the Israelites do acquire the land through violent means. Yet, the aim of the Book of Joshua is not meant to edify but to move its readers to obedience in their God . For ancient Israel, this obedience was seen as an act of faith in the God who ultimately brings good out of evil.
The Book of Judges
The Book of I Samuel
The Book of I Samuel concludes with the death of Saul by his own sword and that of his older sons at the battle of Gilboa.
The Book of II Samuel
The Book of I Kings
The Northern Kingdom
In 930 BC, the Northern Kingdom, comprised of 10 tribes of Israel, splits from the Royal Kingdom with Jeroboam as its new king.
The Southern Kingdom
Source: The Hebrews: A Learning Module from Washington State University Session 6
Source: The Hebrews: A Learning Module from Washington State University Session 6
The Jewish Perspective:
General Prophecies Concerning the Coming of Jesus
Gen. 49:10; Mic. 5:2 - a kingdom and ruler of Israel shall come from Judah – Mat. 1:1-2, Luke 3:23-33 - Jesus is from the line of Judah.
Psalm 2:7 - you are my Son, today I have begotten you - Matt. 3:17; Acts 13:33 - God the Father said this about Jesus the Son.
Psalm 69:4; Isaiah 49:7 - He will be hated without a cause - John 15:25 - Jesus was hated without a cause.
Psalm 78:2 - He will speak in parables - Matt. 13:34-35 - Jesus spoke in parables.
Psalm 118:22; Isaiah 8:14; 28:16 - He will be the stone rejected by the builders - Acts 4:10-11; Rom. 9:32-33; 1 Peter 2:7-8 - Jesus is the stone rejected by the builders.
Psalm 132:11; Jer. 23:5 - He, the king, shall come from the House of David - Matt. 1:1; Luke 3:23,31 - Jesus is the son of David.
Isaiah 7:14 - He will be born of a young virgin woman - Matt. 1:18, 24-25; Luke 1:26-35 - Jesus was born of the young virgin Mary.
Isaiah 9:6 - a woman shall bear a son called Emmanuel ("God is with us") - Luke 1:35 - Jesus is this one, the Son of God.
Isaiah 11:2 - the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him - Matt. 3:16-17 - the Spirit of God descended upon Jesus like a dove.
Isaiah 32:3-4; 35:5-6- His ministry will include miracles curing the blind, deaf, lame and dumb - Matt. 9:32-35 - Jesus so cured the blind, deaf, lame and dumb.
Isaiah 40:3; Mal. 3:1 - He will be preceded by a messenger - Mat. 3:1-3; 11:10; Luke 1:17; John 1:23 - Jesus was so preceded (by Saint John the Baptist).
Isaiah 53:3 - He will be rejected by His people - John 1:11; 7:5 - Jesus was rejected by His own people.
Isaiah 61:1-2 - the Spirit of the Lord is upon Him - Luke 4:21 - Jesus says that He has fulfilled this prophecy.
Zech. 9:9 - He will triumphantly enter Jerusalem on an ass - Matt. 21:5; Luke 19:35-38; John 12:14-17 - Jesus so entered Jerusalem.
Mic. 5:2 - Israel's ruler shall come from Bethlehem - Matt. 2:1,4-8; Luke 2:4-7 - Jesus was born in Bethlehem.
Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus in His Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Psalm 22:1 - My God, my God, why has thou forsaken me? - Matt. 27:46; Mark 15:34 - Jesus utters this rabbinical formula from the cross declaring that He is the Messiah.
Psalm 22:7 - He will be mocked - Matt. 27:31; Mark 15:20; Luke 22:63; 23:36 - Jesus was mocked.
Psalm 22:16; Isa. 53:12 - He will be numbered with the transgressors - Matt. 27:38; Mark 15:27; Luke 23:32; John 19:18 - Jesus was numbered with the transgressors by being crucified between two thieves.
Psalm 22:16; Zech 12:10 - His hands and feet will be pierced and they will weep for the first-born - John 19:23,34,37 - Jesus' hands and feet were pierced and his followers wept for Him, the true first-born Son of Israel.
Psalm 22:17 - they will stare and gloat over Him - Matt. 27:36; Luke 23:35 - the people stood by and stared at Jesus on the cross.
Psalm 22:18 - they will cast lots for His garments - Matt. 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:24 - they cast lots for Jesus' garments.
Psalm 30:3; 41:10, 118:17; Hos 6:2 - He will be raised to life on the third day - Acts 13:33, Matt. 28:6; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:34,46 - Jesus was raised to life on the third day.
Psalm 41:9; 55:12-14 - He will be betrayed by a friend - Matt. 10:4; 26:20-25; Mark 14:18-21; John 13:18 - Jesus was betrayed by a friend.
Psalm 68:18 - He will ascend into heaven - Mark 16:19; Luke 24:51; John 20:17; Acts 1:9 - Jesus ascended into heaven.
Isaiah 50:6 - He will be spat upon - Matt. 26:67; Mark 15:19 - Jesus was spat upon.
Isaiah 53:5; Zech. 13:6 - He was wounded, bruised and scourged for us - Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15; John 19:1 - Jesus was wounded, bruised and scourged for us.
Isaiah 53:7 - He will remain silent before His accusers - Matt. 27:12,14; Mark 14:61;15:5; Luke 23:9; John 19:9 - Jesus remained silent before His accusers.
Isaiah 53:9 - He will be buried in a rich man's tomb - Matt. 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-46; Luke 23:50-53; John 19:38-42 - Jesus was buried in a rich man's tomb (the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea).
Amos 8:9 - God will darken the earth at noon - Matt. 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44-45 - there was darkness at noon at Jesus' crucifixion and death.
Jonah 1:17 - three nights and days in the belly of the whale foreshadows Jesus' death and rising on the third day.
Zech. 11:12-13 - He will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver - Matt. 26:15 - Jesus was betrayed for 30 pieces of silver.
Zech. 13:7 - He will be forsaken by His disciples who will scatter - Matt. 26:31, Mark. 14:50 - Jesus' disciples forsook Him and scattered. Session 8
In closing, none of the judges or authorities who would hear Paul and the other Christians ever found them guilty of anything wrong.
Source: A Lever and a Place to Stand: The Contemplative Stance, the Active Prayer – Fr. Richard Rohr OFMSession 8
What is the most important thing you learned through these readings?
What do you feel was the most important message that you take away from these readings?
Has your image of God been changed in any way by this experience of reading the Hebrew Scriptures and hearing the stories?
Does your own life’s journey, itself, show any correlation to the any of the stories you have read or the people you have encountered through these readings?
Other questions you may have?