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HUMAN RIGHTS AND HIV – Ukrainian experience. Governance of hiv /aids project UNDP Ukraine. Outline. Situation with HIV and human rights Human rights approach in responding to the HIV epidemic UNDP’s AIDS Watch Initiative Plans for the future. Situation with HIV and human rights.

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HUMAN RIGHTS AND HIV – Ukrainian experience

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HUMAN RIGHTS AND HIV – Ukrainian experience

Governance of hiv/aids project

UNDP Ukraine

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Outline

  • Situation with HIV and human rights

  • Human rights approach in responding to the HIV epidemic

  • UNDP’s AIDS Watch Initiative

  • Plans for the future

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Situation with HIV and human rights

  • Good standards of HIV legislation but low level of its enforcement

  • Numerous human rights violations

  • Absence of the system of monitoring and response to violations

  • Existing services to protect the human rights of the PLWH are dispersed with no coordination mechanisms

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Ukrainian legislation against the international backdrop

Ukraine has ratified:

  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

  • European Convention on Human Rights

    Its Constitution, Laws and Regulations incorporate requirements of these documents

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


HOWEVER –

numerous violations of the human rights in relation to HIV/AIDS status are common practice in Ukraine

(data of the “Rhetoric and Risk” HRW report, www.hrw.org)

Rebecca Schleifer,Human Rights Watch Researcher, at a round table in the UNDP Ukraine, March 2006

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Just

one

illustration…

In the office of the Chernigiv branch of the All-Ukrainian network of PLWH,summer 2006

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


The most severe case of displaying negative attitude to the PLWH in Ukraine

The same office after a fire (result of an arson) 19 October, 2006

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Other recent cases of human rights violations

  • HIV infecting of 3 newborns in Mariupol through blood transfusion, those responsible found not guilty, no material compensation (new litigation started)

  • Refusal in medical treatment and expelling from the medical facility with separation from a newborn of a mother under pretext of being HIV-positive in Kirovograd (later not confirmed, litigation started)

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


41.5 % of PLWH in Ukraine report of violations of their rights, but only 6.7% have documental evidence of such violations

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Importance of human rights monitoring in responding to HIV

  • This information is crucial as a basis for prevention of human rights abuses in the future

  • According to the International HIV and Human Rights Guidance principle 11,

    States should ensure monitoring and enforcement mechanisms to guarantee the protection of HIV-related human rights

  • However, no human rights institutions have developed mechanisms for collecting information on human rights and HIV/AIDS

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Human rights approach in responding to the HIV epidemic

  • Mobilizing of the civil society efforts to combat violations of human rights in the sphere of HIV/AIDS

  • Work with the state officials on promoting adoption of HIV policies in different sectors (labour market, education, tourism, etc)

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Civil society capacity

  • There are 8 national and 194 regional CSOs in Ukraine that deal with the issues of HIV

  • Altogether (along with the state organizations) they represent a considerable force to be employed in counteracting to human rights violations

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Addressing stigma and discrimination

related to HIV/AIDS

All-Ukrainian network of PLWH announced among the winners of the 2006 Red Ribbon Award, Toronto, August 2006

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Lars Kallings, UN GS Special Envoy on HIV/AIDS, presents a symbolic cheque to Volodymyr Zhovtyak, All-Ukrainian network of PLWH chairman

The event was organized and publisized by the UNDP CO

(the very appearance of the AUN PLWH was possible due to the UNDP support)

At the ceremony of presenting the Red Ribbon money award, December 1st. 2006, Kiev

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Main results of work with the State Labour Inspectorate

  • 5 trainings in 2005- 2006, 60 inspectors trained

  • 5 HIV resource centres and 1 HIV hot telephone line established at labour inspectorates

  • Pilot projects on HIV-prevention and non-discrimination on 2 plants launched

  • Labour inspectors are competent to design and evaluate HIV policies at enterprizes

  • Co-operation with the regional PLWH groups established

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Policy Mr V. Tyotkin (right) along with Deputy Chief State Labour Inspector Mr D. Los (centre) have been paying great attention to the issues of HIV prevention in the world of work

Opening of the HIV resource centre at the Chernigiv regional labour inspection

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


AIDS WATCH UKRAINE – UNDP initiative

VISION

National human rights - based service organization rendering fast effective aid to the people affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic with use of all available expert resources and spreading culture of tolerance in the society

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Principles of work

  • One Stop Shop

  • Standardization of processes

  • Fast response

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Functions

  • Receiving of complaints and reacting

  • Early revealing through monitoring

  • Popularization and encouragement of positive experience

  • Expertise of legislation

  • Training

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Difference from other organizations:

  • Human rights based (not merely legal)

  • Ensures use of all available resources and their enhancement through synergy

  • Adaptive, flexible, self-learning structure

  • Able to give high-level analytical material

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Actions already taken

  • One consultative meeting with invitation of interested stakeholders

  • 3 working group meetings with invitations of observers

  • Great advocacy efforts aimed at joining up major HIV CSOs around this idea

  • Basics of ideology and methodology are ready

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Participants: The All-Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV, Coalition of HIV-service NGOs, and All-Ukrainian Council for rights protection and safety of the patients

A Memorandum of Intentions has been signed on November, 2nd, 2006.

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


What is being implemented now

  • Network of the legal professionals, human rights activists, CSOs to render legal and human rights aid to those affected by HIV – under construction

  • System of national monitoring of human rights violations in the realm of HIV-under construction

    (both – core elements of the AIDS Watch Ukraine)

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


As an instrument of advocacy for human rights of the IDUs UNDP CO initiated and organized this publication dedicated to the issues of substitution maintenance treatment

UNDP Ukraine booklet “Return to Life”, 2007

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Plans for the future

  • To establish AIDS Watch Ukraine as an All-Ukrainian institution – in a 1 year period

  • To continue work with the regional labour inspectors on building awareness on HIV at the labor market

  • To expand work on HIV human rights education and prevention onto tourist sector as one as most conducive for the epidemic

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


There is no easy solutions like this guy suggests, however, if moving in a coherent way, we can to counteract the HIV epidemic through human rights protection in particular

Self-proclaimed specialist in curing AIDS is rejected by the political activists, summer 2006, Kiev

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


Thank you for attention and greetings from Kiev!

Contact info: [email protected]

4th RBEC CoP meeting, Moscow, June 5-7, 2007


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