CHAPTER 8: LANGUAGE ACQUISITION. Lil Adams Michelle Ro. Theories about how children aquire language:. Imitation Correction & Reinforcement (behaviorist) Analogy Connectionism (behavior, analogy, & reinforcement) Structured Input Innateness Hypothesis. First Language Acquisition Stages.
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Phonology: The sound system of a language; the component of a grammar that indicates the inventory of sounds (phonetic and phonemic units) and rules for their combination and pronunciation; the study of the sound systems of all languages.
Morphology: The study of the structure of words; the component of the grammar that includes the rules of word formation.
Children acquiring other language may also have to learn number and gender rules.
CHAPTER 8: QUESTION 3FIND A CHILD BETWEEN TWO AND FOUR YEARS OLD AND PLAY WITH THE CHILD FOR ABOUT THIRTY MINUTES. KEEP A LIST OF ALL WORDS AND/OR “SENTENCES” THAT ARE USED INAPPROPRIATELY. DESCRIBE WHAT THE CHILD’S MEANINGS FOR THESE WORDS PROBABLY ARE. DESCRIBE THE SYNTACTIC OR MORPHOLOGICAL ERRS (INCLUDING OMISSIONS). IF THE CHILD IS PRODUCING MULTIWORD SENTENCES, WRITE A GRAMMAR THAT COULD ACCOUNT FOR THE DATA YOU HAVE COLLECTED.
Mel: asked Faith to repeat "can you say Mel-Mel? Auntie? Elmo?
F: repeats "Elmo"
(using imitation to increase word knowledge, Mel using mohterease to ask for only one word sentences)
Faith is wining, Mel says "what do you want?
F: Looks at cousin playing with her toy and says: "Sa Sa mine"
Amber is asking Faith about dinosuar that scared her at birthday party:
F: Repeats "bye bye" until mother cues her by saying "dinosaur went bye bye" Faith repeats "dinosaur bye bye"
(missing verb, mother uses correction)
Faith's Mommy: Tell me about the birds.
F: Points and uses gestures instead of words..
Faith uses two word utterances such as " Tika out?, blue table, fire hot and pool bad"
(uses gestures and two word utterances - telegraphic speech)
M: Can you tell me about the picture that you made?
J: he.. He Spiderman, him
(Missing verb, unnecessary use of an extra pronoun)
M: Alright, well tell me about the Avengers.
J: this guy the bad guy. here comes the one with the hammer. this Hulk. this Iron Man. he flying away. and this is Captain America.
(missing verb in all sentences, except last one)
M: Captain America. Ok , so why are they fighting?
J: because they don't like to be friends
(semantics [like] error)
M: So what happens in the end?
J: Um, he go friends... he got friends again.
M: Can you tell me what happened?
R: The baby is stuck in the tree. (number error)
M: and then?
R: and the mamma come (number error, verb tense error)
M: well, why were they stuck in the tree? What happened?
R: they climbing (missing verb)
M: what happened on this page?
R: mom come back. two momma back. the g, the r, the j
M: So what happened at the end?
R: it get out and the momma come. the end
(pronoun error, verb tense error)
Crain, S. & Pietroski, P. (2001). Nature, Nurture and Universal
Grammar. Linguistics And Philosophy, 24(2), 139-186.
Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. (2007). An Introduction to
Language. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Publishing.
Hill, J. D. & Flynn, K. M. (2006). Classroom Instruction That Works
with English Language Learners. [Retrieved] 5/28/2012, [from]
Stages of Language Acquisition in Children. (n.d).
[Retrieved]5/28/2012 [from] http://www.ling.upenn/edu/courses/