Loading in 5 sec....

Principles & Parameters Approach in Linguistics - IVPowerPoint Presentation

Principles & Parameters Approach in Linguistics - IV

- 122 Views
- Uploaded on
- Presentation posted in: General

Principles & Parameters Approach in Linguistics - IV

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Principles & Parameters Approach in Linguistics - IV

Bibhuti Bhusan Mahapatra

- D-structure
- Subcategorization applies in the D-structure via X-Bar theory.

- S-structure
- Grammatical functions (GFs), e.g. ‘subject- of’, ‘object-of’ apply at S-structure. Theta roles can be taken as GFs.

- Logical Form
- The semantic features of θ-roles apply at s-structure LF

1)XP

Specifier X’

X Complement

- If α is a 0-level category of X-bar theory then the category β must satisfy the subcategorization frame ofα. In this case we will say that α subcategorizes the position occupied by by β. (Chomsky P: 37)

The representation in (2) is an alternative notation of X-bar theory given in (1):

2)[γ … α…β…]

[γ …β…α …]

- [α is x-head of x-bar notation; β is the complement]
- α and β are immediate constituents of γ
- γ is XP of x-bar notation)
- Head-complement order is free
The same configuration [which indicates the subcategorized position] is relevant to determination of θ-role. (Chomsky

2)[γ … α…β…]

[γ …β…α …]

- α theta marks the position occupied by β. (p: 37)
- α theta marks the category β if α theta marks the positionoccupied by β or a trace of β. (p: 37)
- Clearly, theta marking is closely related to subcategorization. The two notions are not identical however. (p: 37)

- A verb may not subcategorize the subject position but it may theta mark the subject.
- Double objects are also theta marked; but, in the strict sense, are they subcategorized?

2)[γ … α…β…]

[γ …β…α …]

- If β is an immediate constituent of γ in (2) at leveli and γ = α’, then α theta-marks β in γ.
- If α selects β in γ as lexical property, then α selects β in γ at leveli.
- If α selects β in γ at leveli, then α selects β at levelj.

- “From the earliest work in generative grammar, as in traditional grammar, it has been assumed that what I am now calling “θ-role” is determined in part by a representation in terms of grammatical functions (GFs) such as subject-of, object-of, and so on, where GFs are determined in terms of syntactic configurations

3) .

.

.

VP

specifierV’

killcomplement (lexical)

SubjectKillObject(syntax)

Agentkilltheme(LF)

Rama killed RavaNa

- Each Argument bears one and only one -role, and each theta role is assigned to one and only one argument.
- How is the above condition applied?

- Any chain formed by an element moving to a theta position is not licit.
4) It seems [Mary] likes [John]]

5) Maryi seems[ti] to like [John]

6) *Mary seems [Johnji] to like [ti]

7) *Mary seems [Johnji] likes [ti]

- In (6) John which has the object theta moves to the subject position; so, it gets two theta roles. Thus, the chain violates the theta criterion.
- (7) shows that even a case position does not allow the theta chain.

Thank You