This cartoon - 'A Chain of Friendship' - appeared in the American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in Ju...
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Causes of World War One - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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This cartoon - 'A Chain of Friendship' - appeared in the American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.


Causes of world war one

Causes of World War One American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

A combination of events and circumstances created the possibility of war in Europe by 1914


1 the arms race
1. The Arms Race American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • the industrial revolution had produced new mechanical weapons

  • Poison gas also introduced

  • machine guns, tanks, airplanes, submarines, dreadnoughts


2 m a i n
2. M.A.I.N American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • Militarism

    • belief in the use of military force (armies, navies etc.) to solve disputes

    • meant little time given to diplomatic solutions; quickly resort to war

  • Alliances

    • formal commitments by countries/empires to help each other if attacked

    • sometimes secret agreements


2 m a i n cont d
2. M.A.I.N American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon. cont’d

  • Imperialism

    • European countries had taken control of other territory around the world

    • empires competed for territory, trade

    • needed to dominate the seas to maintain links to colonies

  • Nationalism

    • sense of pride, prestige in your own nation

    • most countries not ‘multi-cultural’

    • ‘foreigners’ viewed with suspicion


Archduke franz ferdinand
Archduke Franz Ferdinand American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • Ferdinand – Prince of Austria-Hungary

  • Assassinated June 28, 1914 by Serbian nationalist group ‘Black Hand’


Europe 1914
Europe American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon. 1914


Summary
Summary American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • These factors were like loading a gun.

  • The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was like pulling the trigger, setting events in motion.

  • Austria-Hungary Declares war on Serbia June 28, 1914.


Animated map of wwi
Animated Map of WWI American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome06/index.php

  • http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome06/index.php


Homework
Homework American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • Causes of WWI

    • Read pg. 126-127 and complete the handout

  • What was Canada like in 1914?

    • Read p. 128-129 and write down two statements for each section "Canada goes to war" and "Not wanted in the armed forces" to describe what Canada was like


Turn of the century film
Turn of the Century Film American newspaper the Brooklyn Eagle in July 1914.   The caption read: “If Austria attacks Serbia, Russia will fall upon Austria, Germany upon Russia, and France and England upon Germany.” Below is a more recent replica of the same cartoon.

  • Explore what Canada was like before the war to understand the transition and the changes that happened as a result

  • https://www.nfb.ca/film/turn_of_the_century


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