Animal food processing nutrition
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Animal Food Processing & Nutrition. Blood glucose regulation: insulin & glucagon (49-13,12). herbivore ruminant carnivore omnivore detritivore saprobe. 4-part stomach. suspension. substrate. fluid. bulk. Ingestiondigestionabsorptionelimination. (5-21). Sponges (31-1).

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Animal Food Processing & Nutrition

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Animal food processing nutrition

Animal Food Processing & Nutrition


Animal food processing nutrition

Blood glucose regulation: insulin & glucagon (49-13,12)


Animal food processing nutrition

herbivore

ruminant

carnivore

omnivore

detritivore

saprobe


Animal food processing nutrition

4-part stomach


Animal food processing nutrition

suspension

substrate

fluid

bulk


Animal food processing nutrition

Ingestiondigestionabsorptionelimination


Animal food processing nutrition

(5-21)

Sponges

(31-1)


Animal food processing nutrition

Gastrovascular cavities

Tubular/complete systems

Annelid (31-19)

typhlosole


Animal food processing nutrition

Human digestive system

Tongue


Animal food processing nutrition

Mammal teeth


Animal food processing nutrition

Human digestive system

Tongue


Animal food processing nutrition

Peristalsis


Animal food processing nutrition

Stomach

Acid chyme

Gastroesophageal/cardiac


Animal food processing nutrition

Human digestive system

Tongue


Animal food processing nutrition

Sodium bicarbonate

Digestive enzymes


Animal food processing nutrition

Human digestive system

Tongue


Animal food processing nutrition

circular folds

brush border


Animal food processing nutrition

Where the food molecules go

lacteal

chylomicrons


Animal food processing nutrition

Human digestive system

Tongue


Animal food processing nutrition

Hormonal control of digestion

/enterogastrone

From Wikipedia


Animal food processing nutrition

Human digestive system

Tongue


Animal food processing nutrition

Defecation reflex


Animal food processing nutrition

Comparison of mammal digestive systems


Animal food processing nutrition

Human Nutrition

For the most recent USDA dietary guidelines:

http://www.choosemyplate.gov/guidelines/index.html

Major components (macronutrients)

Minor components (micronutrients)


Animal food processing nutrition

Appetite: it’s complicated

Ghr = ghrelin (+)

NPY = Neuropeptide Y (+)

PYY = peptide YY (-)

CCK = cholecystokinin (-)

Insulin (-)

Leptin (-)

(and there’s more...)

NPY

Leptin deficient


Animal food processing nutrition

Carbohydrates: Simple vs. complex


Animal food processing nutrition

Proteins

Essential Amino Acids

Isoleucine

Leucine

Lysine

Methionine

Phenylalanine

Threonine

Tryptophan

Valine


Animal food processing nutrition

Lipids

Essential Fatty Acids

Alpha linolenic

Linoleic

Lipoproteins:

Tryglycerides

Cholesterol

Proteins


Animal food processing nutrition

Micronutrients

rickets

(Vit D deficiency)

pellagra

(niacin deficiency)

scurvy

(Vit C deficiency)


Animal food processing nutrition

Water Soluble Vitamins

Thiamin (B1)

Riboflavin (B2)

Niacin (B3)

Pantothenic Acid (B5)

Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine, Pyridoxine (B6)

Biotin

Cobalamin (B12)

Folic Acid/Folacin

Ascorbic Acid (C)

Fat Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin A

Vitamin D

Vitamin E

Vitamin K


Animal food processing nutrition

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Potassium

Chlorine

Sodium

Magnesium

Iron

Fluorine

Zinc

Copper

Manganese

Iodine

Cobalt

Selenium

Chromium

Molybdenum

Minerals


Animal food processing nutrition

Antioxidants

Phytochemicals

In section 47.3 & 47.4 - only study the information covered by lecture.


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