Ming China. Chapter 19. The Mongols. Hongwu. Drives the Mongols out of China (1368) Thus, creating the Ming Dynasty in China He was the first Ming Ruler. Ming under Hongwu. Restored agricultural lands destroyed by war (increased rice production and irrigation)
Zeng He’s Treasure Ship compared to Columbus’s Santa Maria
To keep outside influence
to a minimum, the Ming
kept foreign trade to a
Macao in 1870
1. Commerce offended China’s Confucian beliefs
2. China’s economic policies had always favored farming and agriculture
(Taxes on agriculture stayed low while taxes on manufacturing sky rocketed)
You are one of King George’s advisors.
Write a letter to Qian-long asking him to allow you (Great Britain) to trade with China.
Mention why you want to trade with them. What do you have to offer them? What do you want from them?
You are an advisor to Qian-long.
You are going to respond to the letter from Great Britain you receive.
You decide whether you want to open up trade with them or not. Why? Why not?
“There is nothing we lack, as your principal envoy and other have themselves observed. We have never set as much store on strange or ingenious objects, nor do we need any more of your country’s manufactures.”