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Commander-in-Chief United States Pacific Command. JV2010 Initiative Virtual Information Center (VIC) J-08. OUTLINE. Overview Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD) Virtual Information Center (VIC) Development Current Activity Future Activity VIC R&D. OVERVIEW. Project.

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Commander-in-Chief

United States Pacific Command

JV2010 Initiative

Virtual Information Center (VIC)

J-08


Outline
OUTLINE

  • Overview

  • Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD)

  • Virtual Information Center (VIC)

    • Development

    • Current Activity

    • Future Activity

  • VIC R&D



Project
Project

In support of the Chairman’s Joint Vision 2010, USCINCPAC takes the lead in developing C4ISR and Information Superiority to achieve Full Spectrum Dominance in Operations Other Than War


The vision
The Vision

Deterrence &

Conflict Prevention

Peacetime

Engagement

Fight & Win

  • Synergistic Effect Generated by the Convergence of The

  • Four Concepts:

  • Provides the Capability to Dominate an Opponent at Any Level of Operations

  • Generates Massed EffectsFrom Dispersed Forces

Precision Engagement

Dominant Maneuver

Full-Dimensional Protection

Focused Logistics


Program rationale
Program Rationale

Testimony to the House Military Procurement and Research and Development Subcommittees on March 20, 1997

“We must also understand that information superiority is not solely limited to combat environments. Other military operations, from peacekeeping to humanitarian assistance to nation-building, also depend upon available and robust information exchange.”

Lieutenant General Douglas D. Buchholz, USA

Director for Command, Control, Communications

and Computer Systems

The Joint Staff


Continuum of operations

Exercises

Port Visits

Security Assistance

Civic Assistance

Freedom of Navigation and Overflight

Arms Control

Anti-terrorism

Military Support to Civil Authorities

Humanitarian Assistance

Foreign Disaster Relief

Noncombatant Evacuation (Permissive)

Peacekeeping

Force Demonstration

Counterdrug Ops

Recovery Ops

Foreign Internal Defense/Support to Insurgency

Protection of Shipping

Enforcing Exclusion Zones

Maritime Intercept Ops

Peace Enforcement

Counter-terrorism

Noncombatant Evacuation (Hostile)

Enforcing Sanctions

Blockade

Strikes and Raids

Regional Conventional War

Regional Non-Conventional War

Theater Nuclear Strikes

SIOP

Continuum of Operations

L

I

K

E

L

I

H

O

O

D

Engagement Activities

SSC

MTW


A changing world
A CHANGING WORLD

  • Changing Operational Focus

    • From global conflict and major regional contingencies

    • To smaller scale contingencies and operations other than war

    • From deliberate planning to crisis action planning

  • Changing Participants

    • DOD, other government agencies, UN, independent organizations, non-government organizations, local authorities, other militaries

    • PDD 56 mandates interagency response for complex emergencies

  • Changing Information Requirements and Sources

    • Includes political, military, economic, social, environmental, etc.

    • Much information outside normal ops and intel expertise

    • Much information open source


Cincpac perspective on ha dr
CINCPAC Perspective on HA/DR

  • Most frequently named operation today

  • CINC involvement to “Shape and Respond” throughout

  • Gov’t inter-agency activity: State Dept., OFDA, etc.

  • Non-Gov’t: Host Nation, IO/NGO/PVO’s

  • Military: Security, Logistics, Medical, Engineering

  • Complex Command and Control, Information Interoperability


Virtual information center
VIRTUAL INFORMATION CENTER

  • Virtual Information Center developed to achieve information superiority in the changing world

    • Responds to requests for information or frequently asked questions

    • Rapid structured search of open sources: electronic, hard copy, people, models, etc.

    • Appropriate experts in variety of locations collaborate to formulate search and analyze information

    • Applies government expertise such as intel or medical as needed

    • Condenses product to a few “drips of knowledge” for policy and decision makers

    • Products disseminated to DOD, government and non-government as appropriate

    • Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD) is electronic search tool


Political military anchor desk pmad

POLITICAL-MILITARY ANCHOR DESK(PMAD)


Info Management Goal

Use existing information management technology and in-place data sources, such as IO’s and NGO’s, the Business Community, Internet, On-line services, predictive modeling, and remote sensing to make us

. . . Smarter

. . . Faster

. . . At less cost


What is a pmad
What is a PMAD ?

  • Resources -- Off-the-Shelf Technology for:

    • Internet access

    • Powerful system of search engines

    • Archived Database

  • People -- Anchor desk concept

  • Concept of Operation that:

    • Gets the right information

      to the right place

      in time


Who needs a pmad
Who Needs a PMAD ?

  • The CINC

    • Where is next crisis? What are the issues?

    • Can I prevent it? … or its 2nd-order effects

  • JTF Commander

    • What should I take? Who can help me?

    • MOEs: What is “normal”

  • Staff Organizations (J-5, JIC, OPT)

    • What are the issues? Who are the players?

    • Other opinions… Diverging views


The Cognitive Hierarchy

Synthesized,

visualized

UNDERSTANDING

Correlated, analyzed

Fused, validated

KNOWLEDGE

ANCHOR DESK

Operating Area

INFORMATION

Formatted, filtered,

translated, plotted

Raw signals, facts,

bits/bytes, inputs

DATA


Pmad contribution to the cognitive hierarchy
PMAD Contribution to the Cognitive Hierarchy

Synthesized,

visualized

UNDERSTANDING

Presentation & interaction

with decision makers, long-

range impacts, risks

Correlated, analyzed

Fused, validated

KNOWLEDGE

Formatted, filtered,

translated, plotted

Model output, multi-source

fusion, analysis

INFORMATION

1st-order effects, filtering & summary, input to models

Raw signals, facts,

bits/bytes, inputs

DATA

Data collection, sources

& search engines


Pmad provides opportunities to
PMAD Provides Opportunities to:

  • Answer tomorrow’s questions today

    • Define “normal”… Baseline MOEs

    • The past as prologue… El Nino

    • The questions don’t change

      … the answers do

  • Building knowledge…

    • Develop “play-book”… what worked before

    • Integrate data into information

    • Basis for analysis

    • Stay abreast of fast-breaking “news”


Opportunities cont d
Opportunities -- Cont’d

  • Enhance organizational effectiveness

    • Better information flow within HQ

      . . . and externally

    • Improved presentation technology

    • Faster data access; better connectivity

  • Save $$ and Manpower

    • Identify space-saving potential

    • Concept development--“fly before you buy”

  • Model for other CINCs & organizations



Vic development
VIC DEVELOPMENT

  • JAN 97 BIG IDEA

  • SEP 97 PAC CHEST

  • OCT 97 CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT

  • APR 98 VIC EXPERIMENT

  • NOV 98 CONCEPT REFINEMENT

  • 98Q2 VIC DEMO (VIC II)

  • 98Q3 VIC IN MAJOR EXERCISE


Recent cincpac efforts
Recent CINCPAC Efforts

SEP-OCT 97: PAC-CHEST (PMAD and COE Complex Humanitarian Emergency Support Test) demonstrated the ability to improve situational awareness in HA/DR at the CINC level by accessing information through the Internet and fusing it in a political-military anchor desk

Also demonstrated the need to increase granularity to meet pre-deployment JTF information needs

OCT 97: CCRP Workshop identified new concepts for information superiority architectures, sensors and fusion, information access, prediction, and delivery management in support of HA/DR operations which then led to the VIC Concept


The virtual information center what is a vic
The Virtual Information CenterWhat is a “VIC”?

  • Not a thing or place, but a process

    • Human interaction at a distance

    • Videoconferences, net-meetings, bulletin boards

  • Expands PMAD capability

    • More people involved--more sources; more views

  • More efficient use of resources

    • Less travel -- and time

    • More databases and finished information


Virtual information center1
Virtual Information Center

  • Open Source

  • Collaboration

  • Analysis

  • Dissemination


Virtual information center vic1
Virtual Information Center (VIC)

  • Interactively seeks non-traditional info

    • International Business

    • NGO’s & UN, etc.

    • Commercial Remote Sensors

    • Predictive Modeling

  • Uses technology to encourage data sharing

    • Pools schedules, security, POC’s, media info., etc.

    • Relies on commercial information services and sensors

    • Minimizes forward footprint


Virtual Information Center

NGO

IO

RESOURCE

CENTER

(PMAD/COE)

UN

CINC

A

N

A

L

Y

S

I

S

Business

Community

F

I

L

T

E

R

State Dept

US AMB

Host Nation

FUSION

Predictive

Modeling

CJTF

Remote

Sensors

Request for Info

Internet etc.

Tasking

Information


Insights
Insights

  • Information Sources

    • Predictive modeling and Internet searches are currently productive

    • Links to Remote Sensing, NGO’s and international business community, not yet timely

  • Information Processing

    • Collaborative expert knowledge network

    • Officer-in-the-loop allowed analysis/quality control

  • Information Dissemination

    • Web-site with color-coded, clickable responses

      • Enabled Warrior Pull, but only limited Smart Push achieved


Vic current activity
VIC CURRENT ACTIVITY

  • $150K NSAP Workflow Management Task

    • Refine the VIC process

    • Data-Info-Knowledge-Understanding

    • Automate end-to-end workflow process

    • ID bottlenecks, reduce latency, increase transparency, and guard against info overload

  • Capture/Retrieve Relevant Information from Previous Experiments

    • Architecture and COTS products

    • Data collection methods

    • Database structure


Vic future the next steps
VIC FUTURE:The Next Steps

Operationalization

Joint Experimentation

Collaboration

HQ for the 21st Century

Virtual Information Center

(VIC)


Vic future operationalization hq for 21st century
VIC FUTURE (Operationalization/HQ for 21st Century)

  • Virtual Information Center is good candidate for information and knowledge management in “Headquarters for the 21st Century”

    • Provides framework on which to hang DARPA, DISA, ONR, ACTD, and other projects

    • Information and knowledge are treated as a utility manned by professionals to support CINC, staff, and headquarters business processes

    • Open source Virtual Information Center output and output from traditional ops and intel sources need to be merged in knowledge center


Vic future joint experimentation collaboration
VIC FUTURE(Joint Experimentation/Collaboration)

  • VIC Concept refinement workshop (Nov 98)

  • Development and Execution of a Quick Reaction VIC Demonstration (Spring 99)

  • Integration and Assessment of VIC in a major exercise (Late FY 99)


Virtual information center research and development efforts

VIRTUAL INFORMATION CENTERRESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTEFFORTS


VIC

Operational

Technical (R & D)

Short Term

Long Term

Daily

Crisis

Anticipatory

Pol-Mil-Econ

Working Group/Brainstorm

Big Picture

Proactive

Director nominate

CoS approval

RFI

Data Base development

Battle Staff

OPT

CAT


VIC

Operational

Technical (R & D)

Short Term

Long Term

Search/Collection Tools

Collaboration Tools

Analysis Tools

Predictive Models

Presentation Tools

Other?

“Motherboard”

(Work Flow Process)


Vic r d synergy
VIC/R&D SYNERGY

  • Test Bed for C4ISR Tools

  • Operationalize R&D Products

  • Joint Experimentation Exposure

  • JV2010 Development

  • Enhance Information Superiority

  • Maintain Current Technology


Pacom advantages

  • GEOGRAPHY

  • Half the earth’s surface; 60% of the people

PACOM Advantages

  • HISTORY OF DEVELOPING ADVANCED C4ISR

  • PACNET 21 AND IT21 INFRASTRUCTURE VISION

  • ASSETS

  • Pacific Disaster Center

  • Center of Excellence

  • in Disaster Management

  • Political Military Anchor Desk

  • PACIFIC RIM OF FIRE

  • Earthquakes

  • Typhoons

  • Volcanic Eruptions

  • Floods

  • CHALLENGES

  • Complete spectrum of operations


Provide

Guidance

Need

More Info

?

Adequate

?

Adequate

?

VIC PROCESS

COE

Redefine w/ Questions

No

Clear

Request

IN

No

Planning MTG. Develop Search Plan, Parse further

Yes

Simple

?

COE

EBB

Yes

Develop Search Strategy

Data Collected

Reviewed & Shared

Define Problem, Assess & Parse

EBB

COE

Update Database

Data Collection

COE

Analysis

(from peer review)

EBB

Yes

Draft Response

No

Meets

Rqmts

?

No

EBB

VIC

“Happens”

More Info

Needed

?

Yes

Yes

Convene

VIC

No

Expand Search

No

Internal PMAD Review

EBB

Yes

Update Database

Update Database

No

No

Deliver

to

Requestor

Peer

Review

Yes

Yes

COE

EBB

Post to Electronic Bulletin Board

EBB


Information Management System

CINC

&

SUPPORTED

STAFF

Decision Support Tools

(GENOA)

KNOWLEDGE

CENTER

COE

OPS/INTEL/LOG

PMAD/VIC

PDC

INTERAGENCY

NGO/IOs

IMAGERY

INTERNET +

GCCS

CLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED


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