Health safety security environment
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Health, Safety, Security & Environment. 24 May 2013 Uday Singh – HSSE Advisor. Safety Moment. Accidents are happening even now !. Skikda, Algiers, 2004 Steam boiler rupture Fire & Explosion Fatalities 23 Injured 74 $ 800 Million loss. Piper Alpha 1988 Fire & Explosion Fatalities 167

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Health safety security environment

Health, Safety, Security & Environment

24 May 2013

Uday Singh – HSSE Advisor


Health safety security environment

Safety Moment


Accidents are happening even now

Accidents are happening even now !

Skikda, Algiers, 2004

Steam boiler rupture

Fire & Explosion

Fatalities 23

Injured 74

$ 800 Million loss

Piper Alpha 1988

Fire & Explosion

Fatalities 167

Injuries 60

$680 million Capex

$1370 million Total

BP Refinery, 2005

Isomer unit explosion

Fatalities 15

Injured 170

$ 1 Billion loss

ONGC, 2005

BHN Platform

MSV Collision Fatalities 12 Cost of Platform $195 million

Are we prepared to take this cost?


The business case for hsse

The Business case for HSSE

Avoiding Losses, Meeting legal obligations

Non- compliance can even stop your business

Good HSSE practices improve Operational performance

Managing and minimising incidents and losses impacts improve operational efficiency and enhances global competency.

Moral Reasons

Incident involves potential human looses. Our commitment to go “beyond compliance” to meet internationally accepted good practice”

Our HSSE performance is scrutinised by stakeholders

Socially Responsible Investors (SRIs) are an important group, investing around £3.5 billion in Europe. Other key stakeholders include Governments, NGOs, industry groups, current and potential partners

Enhances reputation and value

It is important to maintain and build our reputation as a safety conscious, environmentally sensitive and socially responsible company.

Good HSSE Performance is Good Business


Bg group safety vision greatship

BG Group - Safety Vision - Greatship

We believe that all injuries to people are preventable

Our Goal is “zero injury”

HSSE is everyone’s responsibility


Health safety security environment

SAFETY EXPECTATIONS HAVE CHANGED…..!!!


Do we know

Do we know?

What is the greatest hazard?

“Human being”


Health safety security environment

Attitude & Behaviour

We have all witnessed it in different forms.

Give Examples of:

  • Positive Attitude and Behaviour

  • Negative Attitude and behaviour


Health safety security environment

Cause Of Injuries

4% Unsafe Conditions

Unsafe Conditions - ? %

Unsafe Acts - ? %

  • 96% Unsafe Acts


Health safety security environment

HOW THINGS HAVE GOT BETTER …..

SO FAR

1990’s until NOW

1880’s – 1970’s

1970’s - 1990

Behaviours

&

Attitudes

Procedures

&

Systems

SAFETY level

Engineering

&

Technical

Time


Health safety security environment

Safety Culture…

Natural

Instincts

Management

Self

Everybody

Dependent

Independent

Interdependent

I am safe so that I don’t gethurt

I am safe so that

nobody

gets hurt

I am safe so that I don’t getcaught

Your safety is our concern…


Health safety security environment

Most complicated machinery ever


Health safety security environment

More so in India

India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people.

At least 30 different languages and around 2000 dialects have been identified


Health safety security environment

Perceptions...


Health safety security environment

Perception


Health safety security environment

Perception


Why is one sign often ignored the other often followed

Why communicate?

Why is one sign often ignored, the other often followed?

  • To make people aware of relevant HSE issues

  • To make people aware of their HSSE responsibilities

  • If we give people the right information, they would be able to comply!

  • If we do not communicate effectively = greater potential for incidents


The 6 pillars of behavioural based safety

The 6 Pillars of Behavioural Based Safety

Facilitate, Support and Act uponrecommendations

Necessary to maintain

Involvement and support

by employees and

Management alike

Goal setting is necessary

for continual improvement

Basic to know progress.

Continuously measuring

the percentage of

safebehaviours.

Management

Commitment

.

Measure-

ment

Feedback

& Goal

Setting

BBS

Root

Cause

Analysis

Aware-

ness

Raising

BBS is all about identifying

the root causes of unsafe

behaviours in order to

correct them effectively

All members of the

organisation are involved.

Lack ofawareness leads to

lack of collaboration

Ownership

&

Involvement

-

-

Employee owned and run process


Health safety security environment

WHAT IS ‘BEHAVIOUR BASED SAFETY’?

BEHAVIOUR BASED SAFETY IS A PROCESS

OF SAFETY LEADERSHIP

WHERE PEOPLE TAKE RESPONSIBILITY

TO LOOK AFTER THEMSELVES

AND THEIR COLLEAGUES


Health safety security environment

WHAT IS ‘SAFETY LEADERSHIP’?

SAFETY LEADERSHIP IS

‘INFLUENCING CHANGE IN THE WORKPLACE’


Health safety security environment

The unsafe behaviour that we see and don’t challenge today becomes the accepted behaviour tomorrow


Hazard management techniques

HAZID

EIA

Consequence Assessment

HAZOP

SIL

Safety Case

Human Factors Assessment

Qualitative Risk Assessment

Hazard Management Techniques

Reliability/

Fault Tree Analysis

Emergency Recovery Plan

Incident Reporting and Investigation

Quantitative Risk Assessment

Operating Procedure Review

Hazard Management Techniques


Health safety security environment

HAZARDS & EFFECTS MANAGEMENT PROCESS

Harm to people,

damage to assets/environment

/ reputation

Bow-tie Concept

Events and

Circumstances

BARRIERS

This is the underlying principle of the Hazards and Effects Management Process HEMP

HAZARD

CONSEQUENCES

Undesirable event with

potential for harm or damage

Engineering activities

Maintenance activities

Operations activities


Health safety security environment

Safety should be an integral part of operations !!

Focus on TRAP


Health safety security environment

Swiss Cheese Model


Health safety security environment

7 Deadly Signals

  • No bad news (No report)

  • Not acting on information

  • Limited control over a significant proportion of workforce

  • There is a change in activity

  • Last minute ‘organisational gain’ decision making

  • Reduced management presence on the work site

  • Personnel changes


Health safety security environment

BG Life savers

BG’s Life savers were identified because they represent the highest risk to BG and its workforce. People have been Killed or Seriously injured carrying out tasks relating to the Life Savers.


Health safety security environment

BG Life savers


Safety leadership

Safety Leadership

  • Lead by example and be consistent in your decision

  • Do not tolerate, intervene when you see unsafe behaviours

  • Provide constructive feedback on un-safe behaviours

  • Don’t let others compromise on safety

  • Never turn a blind eye – your silence is your consent

  • Make the right decisions, not the easy decisions

  • Have the courage to do the right thing

  • Take the time to interact on Safety matters

  • “Walk the talk”

  • Safety is a key component of business success


Health safety security environment

EXPECTATIONS

Where work groups recognise that high standards of work and safety are set and expected by their supervisors and managers, they will tend to respond with correspondingly high standards of performance

The reverse is also true!!!


Health safety security environment

The staff “listen” more to Leader’s feet.

You will get the level of safety you show you want


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