Aboriginal land claims
Download
1 / 18

Aboriginal Land Claims - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 147 Views
  • Uploaded on

Aboriginal Land Claims. Who are Aborigines?. Aborigines were the original inhabitants of Australia Originally estimated that they were originally migrated from Africa Before British settlement there were over 600 languages Today, there are less than 250 active languages.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Aboriginal Land Claims' - jalena


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Who are aborigines
Who are Aborigines?

  • Aborigines were the original inhabitants of Australia

    • Originally estimated that they were originally migrated from Africa

    • Before British settlement there were over 600 languages

      • Today, there are less than 250 active languages


Aboriginal people lose land
Aboriginal People Lose Land

  • British Policy

    • Aborigines didn’t use land like Westerners (farming, mining and building on it)

      • They were hunters and gatherers and only relied on what the land gave them for food and shelter

    • Due to the lack of industrialization, the British thought Aborigines didn’t have close ties to the land


  • Tierra Nullius(Latin for empty land) was created

  • British government thought it had the authority to take land from Aborigines

  • In 1972, Aborigines set up a tent on the lawn of the Old Parliament House in Canberra and called it an embassy to represent that they were foreigners in their own land


  • Stolen Children

    • Between 1909 and 1969 the Australian government took 100,000 mixed-raced children and gave them to white families

    • This was done to encourage assimilation of the Aborigines to white, British culture

      • Assimilation – occurs when a minority group give up its culture and adopts the majority group’s culture


  • The Stolen Generation

    • Term referring to generations of children taken from Aboriginal families and given to white families

    • Many people in Australia today are still feeling the strain and frustration over this issue


Land claims
Land Claims

  • Hard-won Victories

    • Aborigines weren’t considered Australian citizens until 1967

      • In the same year 91% of Australians voted to give Aborigines special rights

    • Land Act Rights of 1976

      • Gave Aborigines the right to claim land in the Northern Territory


  • Mabo Case

    • Over turned Tierra Nullis

    • Case began when Eddie Mabo discovered his family had no land rights even though they lived there for hundreds of years

    • High Court of Australia ruled that the land belonged to him which led to the eventual cancellation of Tierra Nullis


  • The Wik Case

    • High Court case in 1996 where the Wik people claimed land that ranchers and miners had squatted on

    • This case involved 2 unique issues that are only in Australia:

      • Pastoral leases – the Australian government still owns huge chunks of land and rents it out to ranchers and miners

      • Earlier cases had to prove their traditional relationship to the land in order to claim it


  • Due to cases like the Mabo Case, the Australian government allowed the Wik to regain the land that was once theirs

  • However, due to many white Australians fears of losing access to the land, the High Court amended the case and which led to the Howard Government creating the 10 Point Plan

    • This plan is a 10 step plan in which Aborigines have to prove the validity of their peoples’ lives on the land they’re trying to claim


ad