The Vikings. Who were the Vikings?. The Vikings came from three countries of Scandinavia: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The name 'Viking' comes from a language called 'Old Norse' and means 'a pirate raid'. DENMARK. NORWAY. SWEDEN. Who were the Vikings?.
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The Vikings came from three countries of Scandinavia: Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
The name 'Viking' comes from a language called 'Old Norse' and means 'a pirate raid'.
The Viking era lasted from AD 700 to 1100. During this time many Vikings left Scandinavia and travelled to other countries, such as Britain and Ireland.
The following map shows how the Vikings came to the British Isles. Stick this map in your workbook.
Southern England had been settled by Anglo-Saxons. In AD 787 Vikings attacked Southern England and this marked the start of the fierce struggle between the English and the Vikings.
In 793 Vikings attacked a Christian monastery at Lindisfarne in Northumbria. Christian monasteries in Britain were easy to attack, because the monks in the monasteries had no weapons. Churches and monasteries kept valuable treasures, such as gold, jewels and books. There were food, drink, cattle, clothes and tools too - tempting for greedy Vikings.
Vikings settled in northern Scotland and eastern England. For 500 years, from about AD 900, Vikings ruled the north of Scotland and surrounding islands off the west coast of Scotland.
Norwegian Vikings sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean to Iceland and Greenland.
Danish Vikings went to France and founded Normandy ('Land of the North-men'). Danish Vikings also sailed south around Spain, and into the Mediterranean Sea.
Swedish Vikings roamed along rivers into Russia.
Fill in your map of Europe with the routes taken by the Vikings.
Using source 2 on page 4 and 5
of your textbook, design a timeline
to show the key events of the
Viking era from AD 775 to AD 1066.
Be as creative as you can. You can
either draw the timeline by hand
or use a computer and stick it in