The evolution of workplace learning in the united states since 1607
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The Evolution of Workplace Learning in the United States Since 1607. Gary J. Confessore, Ed.D. Sharon J. Confessore, Ph.D. EunMi Park, Ed.D. HRD Enterprises Bon Secours Health System Johns Hopkins University. 2008 East Asia Forum for Adult Education

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The Evolution of Workplace Learning in the United States Since 1607

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The evolution of workplace learning in the united states since 1607

The Evolution of Workplace Learning in the United States Since 1607

Gary J. Confessore, Ed.D. Sharon J. Confessore, Ph.D. EunMi Park, Ed.D.

HRD Enterprises Bon Secours Health System Johns Hopkins University

2008 East Asia Forum for Adult Education

Guangzhou and Macau

May 18 – 22, 2008


Adult learning and hrd new requirements create opportunities

Adult Learning and HRD:New Requirements Create Opportunities


From 1607 1920

Time-Line of Adult Education Practices in the U.S.A.

1607

1860

1920

1790

Time-Line of Workplace Training Practices in the U.S.A.

1920

1607

1790

1860

From 1607 - 1920

National Era

1869 - 1920

Formative Era

1607 - 1789

Establishment Era

1790 - 1859

Industrial skills certified by labor unions after period of experience

Agricultural & Practical Skills learned through Apprenticeships, Guilds,

& Indentured Service

1st Morrill Act – 1862

Immigration & need for adult basic education in workplace

2nnd Morrill Act - 1890


From 1920 1959

Time-Line of Adult Education Practices in the U.S.A.

1920

1957

1960

1944

Time-Line of Workplace Training Practices in the U.S.A.

1960

1920

1944

1957

From 1920 - 1959

Sputnik – 1957

Space Race

National Defense Education Act - 1958

Serviceman’s

Readjustment Act

1944

Transition to the

Modern Era

1920 - 1943

On the Job-Training

Bandura’s work on observable behaviors

First Computer-Based Training System (CBT) - 1959

1928 Great Depression

Hawthorn productivity study (1927 - 1932)

JIT (Job Instruction

Training)

By National Defense

Advisory Commission

Change from worker skills to employee satisfaction


From 1960 1995

Time-Line of Adult Learning Theory in the U.S.A.

1960

1985

1995

1975

Time-Line of Workplace Training Practices in the U.S.A.

1995

1960

1975

1985

From 1960 - 1995

1st International SDL Symposium 1986

Theory of Planned Behavior - 1991

Learner Autonomy Defined -1992

Internet exceeds 4 million nodes 1994

Self-Directed Learning – 1975

Metacognition - 1976

Social Learning Theory - 1977

Adult’s Learning Projects - 1979

Theory of Reasoned Action -1980

Multiple Intelligences - 1983

Houle – 1961

Johnstone & Rivera – 1965

Andragogy popularized in U.S.A. – 1970

Cross, Valley & Assoc. - 1974

Most mid-size companies have in-house training programs

The Third Wave - 1980

HRD-Adult Learning programs develop in Higher Education

One employer for life concept eliminated

Multiple careers across the life span

Knowledge & information replace money as wealth

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Future Shock - 1970


From 1995 2008

Time-Line of Adult Learning Theory in the U.S.A.

1995

2008

2000

Time-Line of Work-Related Learning in the U.S.A.

2008

1995

2000

From 1995 – 2008

Precursors to intentionality and persistence intentions to learn constructed - 2001

Learner Autonomy Profile - 2001

Autonomous learning and SDL contrasted from agentic perspective- 2008

Emotional Intelligence – 1995

Learning as a Way of Being – 1996

1st World Congress on SDL, Montreal – 1997

Resourcefulness & initiative intentions to learn constructed - 1999

Learning Organizations

Distance Learning

Chief Learning Officers

Individual Development Plans

Knowledge ManagementSystems

Communities of Practice

Leadership Development

Succession Planning

Web based learning

Executive Coaches


Projections from present to 2020

Projections of Adult Learning Theory in the U.S.A.

2009

2020

Projections of Work-Related Learning in the U.S.A.

2020

2009

Projections From Present to 2020

Web-based learning will become a dominant model

Assessment and enhancement of learner autonomy will support several research agendas

Simulations & gaming for learning will be more realistic

Learning theory rather than instructional design will become the core component of knowledge acquisition models

Dominance of Distance Learning Programs

Internet-based Mentoring

Focus on Developing Behavioral Intentions to Learn

“Trainers” will be viewed as “learning support resources”

Individual development plans based on assessment of learner autonomy will be common

Internet commuting will replace physical commuting in light of energy and other economic realities

Corporations will be slow to modify employee selection, development, and evaluation models to account for Internet commuting

Network based learning and simulation learning


Contact information

Contact Information

Gary J. Confessore, Ed.D., MLAC Sharon J. Confessore, Ph.D. EunMi Park, Ed.D., MLAC

[email protected]@[email protected]


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