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Ming Dynasty 1368-1664 (part 1). 5. Ming Dynasty: 1368-1664 . Hong Wu Peasant orphan Raised by Buddhist Monks Joined Red Turbans millenarian movement Emerged as leader of large military band Overthrows Yuan and declares himself emperor. Ming Dynasty. Hong Wu takes Nanjing in 1364

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Ming Dynasty1368-1664(part 1)

5


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Ming Dynasty:1368-1664

Hong Wu

  • Peasant orphan

  • Raised by Buddhist Monks

  • Joined Red Turbans millenarian movement

  • Emerged as leader of large military band

  • Overthrows Yuan and declares himself emperor


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Ming Dynasty

  • Hong Wu takes Nanjing in 1364

  • Takes Beijing and declares himself emperor in 1368

  • Unifies his empire in 1370 CE


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Ming Achievements

Major reconstruction and repopulation projects

  • Repair Levies

  • Repair Canals

  • Repair Irrigation

  • Lure population back to the wheat basket plains of central China with tax holiday and free land in some cases


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Ming’s Confucian Innovation

Censorate (emissary)

  • Top secret, undercover investigator

  • Check on loyalty and competence of government officials

  • Great potential to root out corruption

  • Not so great results

    • Too weak

    • Too easily captured by clan ties


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Palace Compound: 1400s “Forbidden City”


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Main Entrance: TienanmenGate of Heavenly Peace


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