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Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products. UNEP Workshop on Illegal International Traffic in Hazardous Chemicals Rocky Rowe Prague – Pruhonice, Czech Republic 6 th to 8 th November 2006. Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products. Background Current situation Key Issues

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Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products

Counterfeit and Illegal

Crop Protection Products

UNEP Workshop on Illegal International Traffic in Hazardous Chemicals

Rocky Rowe

Prague – Pruhonice, Czech Republic

6th to 8th November 2006


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products1
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

  • Background

  • Current situation

  • Key Issues

  • CropLife Strategy

  • Enforcement

  • Next steps

  • ECPA Launch Anti-counterfeit Campaign


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products2
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Background

  • In most countries, (developing and developed ), there are regulatory procedures governing the use of CPPs.

  • In addition there are international guidelines on the regulation of CPPs from OECD, WHO and FAO.

  • Pesticide use is admirably covered by the FAO Guidelines for the Safe Use of Pesticides.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products3
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Background

  • In many business sectors counterfeiting and illegal trade is a growing problem, including pharmaceuticals, fertilisers and CPPs

  • Across the world the CPP industry is seeing a growth in the manufacture, distribution and use of counterfeit and illegal CPPs.

  • Isolated incidents have always been noticed but more and more there is a recognised, concerted and organise activity by criminal groups to defraud farmers, governments, industry and ultimately consumers.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products4
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Current Situation

  • Best estimates of the global illegal market in CPPs range from 5% to 7% of global annual sales.

  • Certain countries and agricultural growing regions can have between 10% to 30% illegal products on the market.

  • Importation, distribution and delivery vary considerably depending on country.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products5
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Current Situation

  • Counterfeit and Illegal CPPs fall into three main categories.

    • Sophisticated reproductions of legitimated branded products.

    • Fakes and copies containing anything from water, talc, outdated/obsolete stocks, banned or restricted materials

    • Illegal imports of legitimate products.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products6
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Current Situation

  • Many active substances come from Asia

  • Large growth in manufacturing capacity

  • Low cost production and labour

  • Many a.s. do not comply with the minimum FAO specifications.

  • Contaminants and impurities can be highly toxic and hazardous


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products7
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Key Issues

  • Farmer safety and lively-hoods; acute exposure, crop damage, disposal of contaminated crops.

  • Food chain security, consumer health from unknown, untested residues.

  • Environmental protection, water contamination, endangered species, biodiversity.

  • Government integrity and loss of revenues - taxes.

  • Industry reputation and farmer confidence.

  • Intellectual property, patents, trademarks, data.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products8
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

CropLife Strategy

  • Awareness building across all stakeholders

  • Development of core position, key messages and communication tools

  • Developing alliance with likeminded industries, e.g. pharmaceutical

  • Leveraging available best practises from other industries.

  • Advocacy on improved enforcement measures, criminalisation of activity, higher penalities

  • Employee security

  • Technology solutions in packaging, labelling etc.

  • Coordination across regions

  • Global team


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products9
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Enforcement

  • Key to success is the ability to secure intelligence and pursue prosecutions.

  • Individual companies will pursue legal prosecutions

  • Working with major enforcement agencies will be critical for the industry.

  • Intergovernmental cooperation important, Asia – Europe.

  • Advocacy at national level for better use of existing legislation and the development of IP and piracy legislation in developing countries. Model laws.

  • Customs and international tracking important.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products10
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

Next Steps

  • Refinement of global strategy and implementation plan.

  • Raise awareness of the problem using health and environment issues as key hooks for political prioritisation.

  • Utilise the European, ECPA Anti-counterfeit project as the leading model.

  • Work with all major stakeholders, Governments, IGOs, Food chain, farmers, distribution chain, NGOs to develop solutions.


Counterfeit and illegal crop protection products11
Counterfeit and Illegal Crop Protection Products

ECPA, European Crop Protection launches it anti-counterfeit campaign at the BCPC Conference in Glasgow.

October 2006








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