Writing the literature review. Requirements of the successful literature reviewWriting the literature review ? the processStrategies to develop deeper understanding of the literatureStrategies to organise the literaturePresenting the literature coherently. Findings on study of literature re
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1. WRITING THE LITERATURE REVIEW (11)
2. Writing the literature review Requirements of the successful literature review
Writing the literature review – the process
Strategies to develop deeper understanding of the literature
Strategies to organise the literature
Presenting the literature coherently
3. Findings on study of literature reviews Summary of relevant literature
Main ideas or gist
Do not consider strengths or weaknesses
Able to demonstrate relationship between works
Unable to demonstrate critical thinking and evaluation studies
Did not show gaps that exist in previous studies
Could not resolve conflicts among the research works reviewed
Demonstrated a lack of awareness of differing views among the studies reviewed
Akindele O A Critical Analysis of the Literature Review Section of Graduate Dissertations at the University of Botswana, Communication Studies Department, University of Botswana
4. What makes a successful literature review? Organisation of the literature
Understanding of the literature
5. Process of writing the lit review Organise the literature
establish a system to organise the hard copies of the articles etc:
develop a data base for references, so you have easy access under relevant categories and don't chase the same references repeatedly.
Understand the literature
The more demanding requirement is understanding and using the literature for your purposes.
6. The Literature Review Process
7. Writing the literature review – a continual process First Pass
8. Writing the literature review – metaphors for the process First Pass
Creating a map of the research area
Focusing your gaze on images and areas
Creating a larger picture with all the pieces of the research puzzle fitting together
9. Organising the journey Recording bibliographic details
Mapping the ideas
Use search key descriptors as central themes to begin mapping ideas
Whole research area
Topic or theme area
Mapping by author contribution
Mapping according to the authorities in the field
10. Author: Key Idea/descriptor Year: Text:
Catalog call number:
Catalog call number:
14. Reading Log for notes
16. Assessment of the literature Assessing the validity Are the results affected by any noteworthy characteristics of the study?
And if so,
What are the implications of this influence?
How successfully does the study respond to the original hypotheses?
How significant are implications of the study in relation to other studies in theory or practice?
17. Synthesize the information
18. Developing arguments Develop logical arguments towards an hypothesis
Support the hypothesis with the use of evidence
Opinions and reasoned argument judgements stamp personality and scientific skill of the writer of the review
The review builds a reasonable discussion on the data provided from other literature
20. Activity 2: Assessing available strategies What strategies do you use?
What strategies do you think would be useful in the future?
Look through the pack and consider each of the strategies
21. Developing coherence in your literature review – Ready to write To prepare yourself to write the review
Organise and interact with the literature in a very detailed manner
Develop deep understanding of the literature in your field
Write the review with the reader in mind
Create coherence between sections
Create coherence within paragraphs and sentences
23. Creating coherence Creating coherence between sections
Creating coherence within paragraphs and sentences
24. Macro level – Reader signposting Reader directions, eg:
"The focus of this thesis is..."
"The physical properties are presented and analysed in Chapter 5."
"The rest of this chapter will examine..."
"In the previous section, it was demonstrated that..."
"The following case study will illuminate..."
"The objectives are as follows:..."
25. Activity 3 Examine and compare 2 theses for evidence of reader signposting
26. Cohesion and readability These features effect cohesiveness and readability of your writing:
long and complex sentences (a lot to hold)
badly constructed sentences (prediction not matched)
densely packed information
27. It has been widely demonstrated that the relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide minerals’ floatability (Fairthorne et al., 1997a; Grano et al., 1997b; Heyes
and Trahar, 1977b; Ralston, 1991) is dependent on the semi-conducting property of most sulphide minerals (Biegler, 1976; Hepel et al., 1984) which give rise to a variety of electrochemical reactions.
28. Information words 1 2
It has been widely demonstrated that the
3 4 5 6
relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide
7 8 9 10
minerals’ floatability is dependent on the semi-
11 12 13 14 15
conducting property of most sulphide minerals which give
16 17 18 19
rise to a variety of electrochemical reactions.
29. Readability It has been widely demonstrated that the relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide minerals’ floatability is dependent on the semi-conducting property of most sulphide minerals which give rise to a variety of electrochemical reactions. The relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide minerals’ floatability depends on the semi-conducting property of most sulphide minerals. The variations of the semi-conducting properties gives rise to differing electrochemical reactions.
30. Learning Skills Homepage Class and workshop timetable
Links to online resources
LSA contact details
31. Drop-ins Monday 12-2pm