WRITING THE LITERATURE REVIEW 11

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Writing the literature review. Requirements of the successful literature reviewWriting the literature review ? the processStrategies to develop deeper understanding of the literatureStrategies to organise the literaturePresenting the literature coherently. Findings on study of literature re

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WRITING THE LITERATURE REVIEW 11

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1. WRITING THE LITERATURE REVIEW (11)

2. Writing the literature review Requirements of the successful literature review Writing the literature review – the process Strategies to develop deeper understanding of the literature Strategies to organise the literature Presenting the literature coherently

3. Findings on study of literature reviews Summary of relevant literature Main ideas or gist Do not consider strengths or weaknesses Able to demonstrate relationship between works Unable to demonstrate critical thinking and evaluation studies Did not show gaps that exist in previous studies Could not resolve conflicts among the research works reviewed Demonstrated a lack of awareness of differing views among the studies reviewed Akindele O A Critical Analysis of the Literature Review Section of Graduate Dissertations at the University of Botswana, Communication Studies Department, University of Botswana <http://www.esp-world.info/Articles_20/DOC/GRADUATE_WRITING_site.pdf>

4. What makes a successful literature review? Organisation of the literature Understanding of the literature

5. Process of writing the lit review Organise the literature establish a system to organise the hard copies of the articles etc: develop a data base for references, so you have easy access under relevant categories and don't chase the same references repeatedly. Understand the literature The more demanding requirement is understanding and using the literature for your purposes.

6. The Literature Review Process

7. Writing the literature review – a continual process First Pass Second Pass Third Pass Activity 1

8. Writing the literature review – metaphors for the process First Pass Creating a map of the research area Second Pass Focusing your gaze on images and areas Third Pass Creating a larger picture with all the pieces of the research puzzle fitting together

9. Organising the journey Recording bibliographic details Endnote Hard copy Mapping the ideas Use search key descriptors as central themes to begin mapping ideas Whole research area Topic or theme area Mapping by author contribution Mapping according to the authorities in the field

10. Author: Key Idea/descriptor Year: Text: Title: Publisher: Catalog call number: Periodical: Journal: Volume: Issue: Pages: Catalog call number:

11. http://classes.aces.uiuc.edu/ACES100/

14. Reading Log for notes

16. Assessment of the literature Assessing the validity Are the results affected by any noteworthy characteristics of the study? And if so, What are the implications of this influence? Internal validity How successfully does the study respond to the original hypotheses? External Validity How significant are implications of the study in relation to other studies in theory or practice? <http://www.gwu.edu/~litrev/a01.html>

17. Synthesize the information

18. Developing arguments Develop logical arguments towards an hypothesis Support the hypothesis with the use of evidence Opinions and reasoned argument judgements stamp personality and scientific skill of the writer of the review The review builds a reasonable discussion on the data provided from other literature

20. Activity 2: Assessing available strategies What strategies do you use? What strategies do you think would be useful in the future? Look through the pack and consider each of the strategies

21. Developing coherence in your literature review – Ready to write To prepare yourself to write the review Organise and interact with the literature in a very detailed manner Develop deep understanding of the literature in your field Write the review with the reader in mind Create coherence between sections Create coherence within paragraphs and sentences

23. Creating coherence Creating coherence between sections Macro level Creating coherence within paragraphs and sentences Micro level

24. Macro level – Reader signposting Reader directions, eg: "The focus of this thesis is..." "The physical properties are presented and analysed in Chapter 5." "The rest of this chapter will examine..." "In the previous section, it was demonstrated that..." "The following case study will illuminate..." "The objectives are as follows:..."

25. Activity 3 Examine and compare 2 theses for evidence of reader signposting

26. Cohesion and readability These features effect cohesiveness and readability of your writing: long and complex sentences (a lot to hold) badly constructed sentences (prediction not matched) densely packed information not cohesive unfamiliar context

27. It has been widely demonstrated that the relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide minerals’ floatability (Fairthorne et al., 1997a; Grano et al., 1997b; Heyes and Trahar, 1977b; Ralston, 1991) is dependent on the semi-conducting property of most sulphide minerals (Biegler, 1976; Hepel et al., 1984) which give rise to a variety of electrochemical reactions.

28. Information words 1 2 It has been widely demonstrated that the 3 4 5 6 relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide 7 8 9 10 minerals’ floatability is dependent on the semi- 11 12 13 14 15 conducting property of most sulphide minerals which give 16 17 18 19 rise to a variety of electrochemical reactions.

29. Readability It has been widely demonstrated that the relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide minerals’ floatability is dependent on the semi-conducting property of most sulphide minerals which give rise to a variety of electrochemical reactions. The relationship between pulp chemistry and sulphide minerals’ floatability depends on the semi-conducting property of most sulphide minerals. The variations of the semi-conducting properties gives rise to differing electrochemical reactions.

30. Learning Skills Homepage Class and workshop timetable Drop-in schedule Links to online resources LSA contact details [email protected]

31. Drop-ins Monday 12-2pm Tuesday 4-6pm Wednesday 4-6pm Thursday 12-2pm

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