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Emerging Issues in Migration Policies: Implications for Data Requirements. Bela Hovy, Chief Migration Section Population Division Department for Economic and Social Affairs United Nations, New York http://www.unmigration.org http://www.unpopulation.org. Presentation overview.

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Emerging issues in migration policies implications for data requirements

Emerging Issues in Migration Policies: Implications for Data Requirements

Bela Hovy, Chief

Migration Section

Population Division

Department for Economic and Social Affairs

United Nations, New York

http://www.unmigration.org

http://www.unpopulation.org


Presentation overview
Presentation overview Requirements

  • Policy framework

  • Emerging issues and implications for data collection

  • Examples

  • Conclusions


Resolution on International RequirementsMigration and DevelopmentCommission on Population and Development, April 2006

  • Set up or strengthen institutions and mechanisms for data collection and analysis to provide timely, reliable and disaggregated migration data

  • Provide assistance to developing countries

  • Enhance cooperation between international organizations in collection and processing of data on migration and migrants


High-level Dialogue on RequirementsInternational Migration and DevelopmentUnited Nations General Assembly, 14-15 September 2006

  • SG Report on International Migration and Development (90 pages)

    • Comprehensive overview

    • Forum on Migration and Development

  • Other preparatory activities

  • Outcome:

    • Migration policies based on sound evidence

    • Enhanced availability, quality and timeliness of migration data and information


Resolution on international Requirementsmigration and development General Assembly, 2nd committee, 1 December 2006

  • Development (MDGs) and human rights dimensions

  • Global Forum on Migration and Development, Belgium, 2007

  • Global Migration Group (GMG)

  • 63rd session: options for HLD follow-up


Before emerging issues three basic questions
Before “emerging issues”: RequirementsThree basic questions

  • How many international migrants?

  • How many international migrant women, children?

  • Where are the international migrants coming from?


Transnational communities
Transnational communities Requirements

  • From diaspora to transnational communities (TNCs)

  • Economic and political interests

  • Definition and measurement issues

    • Defining TNCs (stock)

    • Defining national population

    • Counting citizens or native born abroad


Return and circular migration
Return and circular migration Requirements

  • Potential for development (China, India)

  • Definition and measurement issues

    • Definition of “return” (flow)

    • Definition of “circulation” (flow)

    • Measuring immigrating and emigrating citizens

    • Not just “short term” and “long term”


Migration of the highly skilled
Migration of the highly skilled Requirements

  • Increase in demand and flows

  • “Brain drain”, compensation

  • Definition and measurement issues

    • Tertiary education as proxy

    • Global levels and trends unavailable


Irregular migration
Irregular migration Requirements

  • Before arriving, upon entry, during stay

  • Concerns about protection, abuse, crime

  • Definition and measurement issues

    • Definition (irregular, undocumented, illegal)

    • Legal status: administrative data

    • No official data

    • Combining different data sources


Remittances
Remittances Requirements

  • Most tangible contribution of international migration to development

  • Definition and measurement issues

    • New definition (IMF, WB, UNSD)

    • Formal and informal flows

    • Country of origin and destination (“remittance corridors”)


Example 1 migrant stock
Example 1. Migrant stock Requirements

  • Trends in total migrant stock: The 2005 revision (UNPD, 2006)

    • Place of birth, citizenship, refugees

    • Sex

    • Coverage (DYB)

  • Age (migrant children, older migrants)

    • Limited coverage

    • Foreign citizens by age and sex not available (DYB)

  • Country of birth or citizenship

    • Not available (attempts)


Example 2 migration flows
Example 2. Migration flows Requirements

  • International migration flows: The 2005 Revision (UNPD, 2006)

    • 15 countries, since 1960s

    • Immigration, emigration, net migration

    • Different criteria to define international migrants:

      • Place of residence

      • Place of birth

      • Citizenship

  • UNSD: not yet published


Conclusions 1 data requirements
Conclusions (1) – RequirementsData requirements

  • Increased pressure to deliver

  • Basic level

    • trends and characteristics (sex, age, country of birth/citizenship)

  • Complexity => distinctions

    • Type of migrant (legal status, reason, duration of stay, education/skills, vulnerable groups)

    • Integration

    • Impact


Conclusions 2 sources
Conclusions (2) – RequirementsSources

  • Improve tabulation and dissemination (don’t wait for harmonization!)

  • 2010 round of population censuses

    • “Quantum leap or abject failure?”

  • Publish and use administrative data

  • Increased use of surveys

  • Combining data sources


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