An Analysis of Verbal Aspect in Native Speaker and Language Learner Narrative Writings. Laura Nott. Definitions of Basic Concepts. Discourse Analysis. The study of spoken, written, and signed language.
An Analysis of Verbal Aspect in Native Speaker and Language Learner Narrative Writings
The study of spoken, written, and signed language.
TEFL instructors can analyze the discourse of their students, other language learners, or native speakers.
The NNSs tended to use simple, active, and past tense verbs.
The NSs used more progressive, perfect, and passive verbs, and were less reliant on past tense.
“It seems that the conventions of academic writing and the attendant uses of tenses, aspects and voice need to be addressed in L2 writing instruction.” (25)
Analyzing the use of verbal aspects in
NS and NNS narrative writing
The NNSs narratives would rely more on the simple aspect than the NSs narratives
I anticipated the numbers to show the NSs narratives to have a greater number of progressive and perfect than that of the NNSs narratives.
NNSs were using the aspects in the same ways as NSs, but not as often.
90% of the sentences in the NNSs narratives contained only simple aspects.
70% of the sentences in the NSs narratives contain only simple aspect.
In order to write more like native speakers, English language learners need to expand their proficiency in progressive and perfect aspects.
Instructors need to focus, not on the grammar, but on the communicative use of aspects within acontext.