Industrialization and Workers. Ch 6, Sec 3 & 4. Factory Workers. Boom in workforce mid to late 1800s. Urbanization and large immigrant population. 10-12 hours/day, 6 days/week. Paid by piecework – paid by number of completed products.
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Ch 6, Sec 3 & 4
Efficiency studies by Frederick Winslow Taylor led to division of labor.
1877, railroad workers struck to protest wage cuts and unsafe conditions.
Eugene V. Debs
Homestead Strike, 1892 – Carnegie’s partner Henry Clay Frick tried to cut wages at Homestead, Pennsylvania mill.
Pullman Strike, 1894 – George Pullman built luxury railroad cars, and a town for his workers.