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Aim: Review for test on The French Revolution & Latin American Independence. Do Now : Reminder: bring a #2 pencil and a pen. Extra Credit: Complete Castlelearning and receive an 80 or better. Essay Topics : Cause and results of revolutions. 1. Scientific Revolution.

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Aim review for test on the french revolution latin american independence

Aim: Review for test on The French Revolution & Latin American Independence.

Do Now: Reminder: bring a #2 pencil and a pen.

Extra Credit: Complete Castlelearning and receive an 80 or better.

Essay Topics: Cause and results of revolutions.


1. Scientific Revolution American Independence.

  • Revolution is a change.

  • Science was not only based on observation.

  • Scientists started to experiment.

  • Scientific method.

  • Opposed by the church.


2. The Enlightenment American Independence.

  • Intellectual Revolution.

  • John Locke- natural rights (life, liberty and property).

  • Social Contract.

  • Right to Revolution.

  • Montesquieu- separation of powers and a system of checks and balances.


3. Impact of Enlightenment American Independence.

  • Encouraged revolutions- America, France and Latin America.

  • Ideas included in the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution.


4A. French Revolution American Independence.

  • causes: high taxes on the 3rd estate, France was in debt (bankrupt), 3rd estate owned no land, impact of the Enlightenment.

  • Results: Napoleon ends the French Revolution. Established a military dictatorship. Napoleonic Law Code- said everyone was equal. Bank of France, University of France. Conquer all of Europe.


4B. Latin America American Independence.

  • Causes: mercantilism, encomienda system, strict class system, influence of American and French Revolutions.

  • Results: Bolivar gains independence. Becomes first president of Bolivia. Unstable nations.


5A. Spanish Rule- Political American Independence.

  • Political- government. People of Latin America had no say in the government. Viceroy.


5B. Economic American Independence.

  • Economic- mercantilism- colony provides raw materials to mother country. Mother country makes a finished product and sells it back.

  • Encomienda system- large plantations.


5C. Social American Independence.

  • Social- class structure: Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos, slaves.


6A. Important People- France American Independence.

  • Robespierre- Reign of Terror- killed anyone who opposed him.

  • Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI.

  • Napoleon ends the revolution with a coup d’ etat.


6B. Important People- L.A. American Independence.

  • Haiti- Toussant L’Overture- born a slave. Liberated Haiti. France wanted Haiti for profitable sugar cane. Died a year before independence in a French prison. French soldiers got malaria and yellow fever. 1st nation to gain independence.

  • -Simon Bolivar- “The Liberator” and “The George Washington of South America.” Liberated- Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Argentina. Goal- United Gran Colombia.


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