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Labor Forces. Chapter 12. Terms to Know. Labor Quality Labor Quantity Labor Mobility. Labor Mobility. 1945-1970s--30 million workers Two groups Foreign-born Foreign Immigration 11.5% Naturalization U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Two missions Illegal immigrants.

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labor forces

Labor Forces

Chapter 12

terms to know
Terms to Know
  • Labor Quality
  • Labor Quantity
  • Labor Mobility
labor mobility
Labor Mobility
  • 1945-1970s--30 million workers
  • Two groups
    • Foreign-born
    • Foreign
  • Immigration
    • 11.5%
    • Naturalization
    • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
      • Two missions
      • Illegal immigrants
american policies
American Policies
  • History
  • Federal Law
    • 1921
    • 1965
    • 1986
  • Visa Types
    • B visa
    • E visa
    • F visa
    • H visa
    • I visa
    • J visa
    • L visa
american policies1
American Policies
  • Immigrant Visas
  • Refugee/Asylum Seekers
    • 75 million
    • Historical trends
    • Requirements
    • Population trends
    • U.N. High Commission for Refugees
immigration
Immigration
  • Fueled economy
  • Brain Drain
    • What is it?
    • Why does it happen
    • Example: Jamaica
  • Reverse Brain Drain
    • Why is it occurring?
  • Guest Workers
    • Why use them?
    • Problems
labor force productivity
Labor Force Productivity
  • “How many acceptable units are produced by a worker during a given time and cost per unit.”
  • Forces
considerations in employment policies
Considerations in Employment Policies
  • Social Status
  • Sexism
  • Racism
  • Minorities in Traditional Studies
  • Developing Nations
social status
Social Status
  • Great Britain
  • India
    • Caste system
      • Brahmin
      • Kshatriyac
      • Bania
      • Shudra
    • Rules
  • Japan
    • Warrior-samauri
    • Farmers and artisans
    • Merchants
    • “Dirty” occupations
sexism
Sexism
  • Extremes
  • Maternity and Family Leave
  • Women’s education
    • Global literacy rates
    • Opportunities in decision-making
racism
Racism
  • Does globalization reduce it?
minorities in traditional sciences
Minorities in Traditional Sciences
  • Traditional Sciences
    • What are they?
  • Use of minorities to create inroads
    • Advantages
    • Disadvantages
developing countries
Developing Countries
  • What is causing problems?
  • Effects of higher education
employer employee relationships
Employer-Employee Relationships
  • Importance of Preparation
    • Labor market
  • Research
    • What to look for?
  • Labor trends
labor unions
Labor Unions
  • Europe
    • Political
    • Government active
  • United States
    • More pragmatic
    • Collective bargaining
  • Japan
    • Enterprise-based
    • Focus on company
    • Least satisfied
labor unions1
Labor Unions
  • Membership Trends
    • Union free businesses
    • Women and teenagers
    • Union success
    • Knowledge economy
multinational labor activities
Multinational Labor Activities
  • Globalization Effects
  • Union Response
    • European Union
    • European Trade Union Conference
    • AFL-CIO
  • International Labor Organization
    • What does it do?
  • Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD
    • What does it do?
  • Would harmonized labor standards boost trade and income?
    • Unions
    • IMF
worker participation
Worker Participation
  • Codetermination
    • Originated in Europe
    • How does it work?
    • Expansion
      • U.S.?
  • Works Councils
    • Objective:
    • Two forms
    • Spreading to the U.S.?
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