Labor forces
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Labor Forces. Chapter 12. Terms to Know. Labor Quality Labor Quantity Labor Mobility. Labor Mobility. 1945-1970s--30 million workers Two groups Foreign-born Foreign Immigration 11.5% Naturalization U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Two missions Illegal immigrants.

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Labor Forces

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Labor forces

Labor Forces

Chapter 12


Terms to know

Terms to Know

  • Labor Quality

  • Labor Quantity

  • Labor Mobility


Labor mobility

Labor Mobility

  • 1945-1970s--30 million workers

  • Two groups

    • Foreign-born

    • Foreign

  • Immigration

    • 11.5%

    • Naturalization

    • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

      • Two missions

      • Illegal immigrants


American policies

American Policies

  • History

  • Federal Law

    • 1921

    • 1965

    • 1986

  • Visa Types

    • B visa

    • E visa

    • F visa

    • H visa

    • I visa

    • J visa

    • L visa


American policies1

American Policies

  • Immigrant Visas

  • Refugee/Asylum Seekers

    • 75 million

    • Historical trends

    • Requirements

    • Population trends

    • U.N. High Commission for Refugees


Immigration

Immigration

  • Fueled economy

  • Brain Drain

    • What is it?

    • Why does it happen

    • Example: Jamaica

  • Reverse Brain Drain

    • Why is it occurring?

  • Guest Workers

    • Why use them?

    • Problems


Labor force productivity

Labor Force Productivity

  • “How many acceptable units are produced by a worker during a given time and cost per unit.”

  • Forces


Considerations in employment policies

Considerations in Employment Policies

  • Social Status

  • Sexism

  • Racism

  • Minorities in Traditional Studies

  • Developing Nations


Social status

Social Status

  • Great Britain

  • India

    • Caste system

      • Brahmin

      • Kshatriyac

      • Bania

      • Shudra

    • Rules

  • Japan

    • Warrior-samauri

    • Farmers and artisans

    • Merchants

    • “Dirty” occupations


Sexism

Sexism

  • Extremes

  • Maternity and Family Leave

  • Women’s education

    • Global literacy rates

    • Opportunities in decision-making


Racism

Racism

  • Does globalization reduce it?


Minorities in traditional sciences

Minorities in Traditional Sciences

  • Traditional Sciences

    • What are they?

  • Use of minorities to create inroads

    • Advantages

    • Disadvantages


Developing countries

Developing Countries

  • What is causing problems?

  • Effects of higher education


Employer employee relationships

Employer-Employee Relationships

  • Importance of Preparation

    • Labor market

  • Research

    • What to look for?

  • Labor trends


Labor unions

Labor Unions

  • Europe

    • Political

    • Government active

  • United States

    • More pragmatic

    • Collective bargaining

  • Japan

    • Enterprise-based

    • Focus on company

    • Least satisfied


Labor unions1

Labor Unions

  • Membership Trends

    • Union free businesses

    • Women and teenagers

    • Union success

    • Knowledge economy


Multinational labor activities

Multinational Labor Activities

  • Globalization Effects

  • Union Response

    • European Union

    • European Trade Union Conference

    • AFL-CIO

  • International Labor Organization

    • What does it do?

  • Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD

    • What does it do?

  • Would harmonized labor standards boost trade and income?

    • Unions

    • IMF


Worker participation

Worker Participation

  • Codetermination

    • Originated in Europe

    • How does it work?

    • Expansion

      • U.S.?

  • Works Councils

    • Objective:

    • Two forms

    • Spreading to the U.S.?


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