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Problems for Russia. I Russian Effort Weakened. A. By 1917, Russia had lost more men in 3 years, than in the previous 300. B. Russian army did not have the basics: food, clothes, shoes; OR equipment!. Problems for Russia. C. Czar Nicholas II of Russia was an absolute monarch

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Problems for russia

Problems for Russia

I Russian Effort Weakened

A. By 1917, Russia had lost more men in 3 years, than in the previous 300.

B. Russian army did not have the basics: food, clothes, shoes; OR equipment!


Problems for russia1
Problems for Russia

C. Czar Nicholas II of Russia was an absolute monarch

  • 75% of pop. were still serfs

  • War losses ( battles and men)

    and food shortages made the people desperate

    F. Russians want out of the war

    G. Nicholas II did not get out of war and did nothing for the people


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Problems for Russia

II Russian revolution of March 1917

A. Nicholas II, last of the Romanov rulers of Russia, is driven out.

B. The 1st revolutionary leaders (Kerensky) did not get Russia out of the war.

III 2nd Russian revolution of Nov. 1917

A. Led by Vladimir Lenin- “peace, bread & land”- toppled Kerensky’s gov.

B. Lenin’s party: The Bolsheviks

(later the Communists) negotiate with Germany


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Problems for Russia

IV Russia exits the war

A. Russia negotiates a separate peace with Germany

B. 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

1. harsh terms for Russia

2. Russia lost western

territory to Germany

3. Russia’s allies were not pleased

C. Revolutionaries execute the Czar and his family


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Problems for Russia

V. War Ends

A. Oct-Ottoman empire withdraws from war

B. Early Nov: monarchy is toppled in A-H; empire splits

C. Austria and Hungry each sign

separate armistice with Allied Powers

D. Nov. 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates

E. Germany becomes a republic

F. Nov. 11, 1918- armistice signed.

WAR IS OVER!!


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