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Take out your journal and take a slip off the front desk. Read the directions and begin. Lord of the Flies. By William Golding. William Golding (1911-1993). Born: September 19, 1911 in Cornwall, England Studied Science and English at Oxford Witnessed WWI- “the war to end all wars”

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Lord of the flies

Lord of the Flies Read the directions and begin.

By William Golding


William golding 1911 1993
William Golding Read the directions and begin.(1911-1993)

Born: September 19, 1911 in Cornwall, England

Studied Science and English at Oxford

Witnessed WWI- “the war to end all wars”

Fought in Royal Navy during WWII Participated in invasion of Normandy on D-Day

At war’s end, returned to teaching and writing

Earned the Nobel Prize in Literature


The world golding knew
The World Golding Knew Read the directions and begin.

The fall of France to Nazi Germany in 1940

Britain feared an invasion and evacuated children to other countries

1940- A German U-Boat torpedoed a British ship carrying children, killing the boys, thus suspending the oversees evacuation program


Major events of wwii
Major Events of WWII Read the directions and begin.

  • 1939- Britain joined France in war against Nazi Germany

  • 1940- Fall of France

  • 1940- Fascist Italy joins the Axis with Germany

  • 1941- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor causing USA to declare war on Japan and enter the war

  • 1944- D-Day Normandy Landings

  • 1945- Bombing of Dresden

  • 1945- European victory celebrated

  • 1945- Atomic Bomb dropped in Hiroshima immediately killing 60-80,000 people (final death toll 135,000 people)


On writing lord of the flies
On writing Read the directions and begin.Lord of the Flies…

“It was simply what seemed sensible for me to write after the war when everyone was thanking God they weren’t Nazis. I’d seen enough to realize that every single one of us could be Nazis.”

--William Golding


Inspirations influences
Inspirations/Influences Read the directions and begin.

  • Golding once allowed his class of boys total freedom in a debate, but had to intervene as mayhem soon broke out

  • Experiences in war

  • Critical response to Coral Island by R.M. Ballanytyne(ideal vs. real)

  • Philosophical questions about human nature


  • Re Read the directions and begin.jected 21 times before it was published

  • It was his first novel- published in 1954

  • Not successful until the early 1960’s

  • On the American Library Association’s list of the 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990-2000.

FACTS


Lord of the flies in pop culture
Lord of the Flies in Pop Culture Read the directions and begin.

  • The Simpsons-Das Bus

  • Hook

  • Rock band Gatsby’s American Dream has a song inspired completely by Lord of the Flies entitled “Fable”

  • The Offspring mention Lord of the Flies in their song, "You're Gonna Go Far Kid“

  • In Melbourne, Australia, there is a business called Lord of the Fries


Title Read the directions and begin.

  • Translation of “Beelzebub” or Satan

    Setting

  • A tiny coral island in the South Pacific during a war when the atomic bomb may have (and most likely has) been used. This world becomes their ‘microcosm’, which is definitely one of your symbols!

    Plot

  • A group of young boys is stranded on an island and they must negotiate the social issues of cooperation and self-government. The outside world is consumed with war


Golding s message
Golding’s Read the directions and begin. Message

“The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature.”

--William Golding


Guiding questions
Guiding Questions Read the directions and begin.

  • Does every human being have a dark side? Are humans inherently good or evil?

  • What does it mean to be civilized?

  • Rules of government – democracy vs. dictatorship? What type of government works best? Why?

  • What are the outcomes when evil is an influence?


Symbols
Symbols Read the directions and begin.

  • The island

  • The conch

  • Piggy’s glasses

  • The fire

  • The “beastie”

  • The “littluns”

  • The pig

  • The names of the boys


Allusions
Allusions Read the directions and begin.

  • Use of the names Ralph and Jack as the main characters from The Coral Island.

  • Simon from the Bible “Simon called Peter”, Peter was the other boy’s name in TheCoral Island

  • Mention of Coral Island and TreasureIsland

  • Numerous biblical allusions throughout


Basic philosophies to consider while reading
Basic Philosophies to Consider While Reading Read the directions and begin.

  • Humans are inherently evil; society establishes government to curb evil instincts

    • “We all saw a hell of a lot in the war that can’t be accounted for except on the basis of original evil”

  • Humans are inherently good; humans are born good and are corrupted by society

  • Humans are inherently neutral; our experiences determine the balance between good and evil

    • Which do you agree/disagree with now? Choose the one with the closet alignment to your own ideas.


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