Atl i ablative and accusative
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ATL I: Ablative and Accusative. Advanced Ablatives . Salvius , cum de morte regis audivisset , e castris discessit . Salvius , when he had heard about the death of the king, left the camp. You are used to the ablative with a preposition but you don’t always need a preposition.

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Advanced ablatives
Advanced Ablatives

  • Salvius, cum de morteregisaudivisset, e castrisdiscessit.

    • Salvius, when he had heard about the death of the king, left the camp.

  • You are used to the ablative with a preposition but you don’t always need a preposition.

  • Sometimes the ablative can stand alone and imply a preposition.


Examples
Examples

  • miles, vulnereimpeditus, tandem cessit.

  • iuvenis, gladioarmatus, ad castracontendit.

  • servi, catenisvincti, in fundolaborabant.


  • cattus, poculāinculsus, eratiratus.


Further examples
Further examples

  • Salvius, audaciāBelimiciattonitus, nihil dixit.

  • mercator, fustibusverberatus, in fossa exanimatusiacebat.

  • milites, vallodefensi, barbarīsdiuresistebant.

  • uxor mea anulum, gemmīsornatum, emit.

  • hospites, arte ancillaedelectati, plauserunt.


  • canis, polypocaptus, exclamavit “ferauxiliummihi!”


Ablative of time when
Ablative of time (when)

  • nonahora ad aulamvenit.

    • He came to the palace in the ninth hour.

  • decimo die discessit.

    • He left on the tenth day.

  • In these examples the ablative is being used to indicate time when.


  • octo die iterfacimus.


Accusative of time duration
Accusative of time (duration)

  • multosannoshīchabito

  • duashoraslaborabant.

  • In these examples the accusative is used to indicate a duration or extent of time. Latin uses the accusative case with no preposition.


  • tres dies sumus in lamā.


Examples1
Examples

  • hospitestreshorascenabant.

  • quarto die revenitrex

  • Agricola provinciamseptemannosadministrabat.

  • secundahoralibertusMemoremexcitaretemptavit.

  • media noctehostescastra nostra oppugnaverunt.

  • sex dies navigabamus; septimo die ad portumadvenimus.


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