atl i ablative and accusative
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ATL I: Ablative and Accusative

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ATL I: Ablative and Accusative. Advanced Ablatives . Salvius , cum de morte regis audivisset , e castris discessit . Salvius , when he had heard about the death of the king, left the camp. You are used to the ablative with a preposition but you don’t always need a preposition.

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advanced ablatives
Advanced Ablatives
  • Salvius, cum de morteregisaudivisset, e castrisdiscessit.
    • Salvius, when he had heard about the death of the king, left the camp.
  • You are used to the ablative with a preposition but you don’t always need a preposition.
  • Sometimes the ablative can stand alone and imply a preposition.
examples
Examples
  • miles, vulnereimpeditus, tandem cessit.
  • iuvenis, gladioarmatus, ad castracontendit.
  • servi, catenisvincti, in fundolaborabant.
further examples
Further examples
  • Salvius, audaciāBelimiciattonitus, nihil dixit.
  • mercator, fustibusverberatus, in fossa exanimatusiacebat.
  • milites, vallodefensi, barbarīsdiuresistebant.
  • uxor mea anulum, gemmīsornatum, emit.
  • hospites, arte ancillaedelectati, plauserunt.
ablative of time when
Ablative of time (when)
  • nonahora ad aulamvenit.
    • He came to the palace in the ninth hour.
  • decimo die discessit.
    • He left on the tenth day.
  • In these examples the ablative is being used to indicate time when.
accusative of time duration
Accusative of time (duration)
  • multosannoshīchabito
  • duashoraslaborabant.
  • In these examples the accusative is used to indicate a duration or extent of time. Latin uses the accusative case with no preposition.
examples1
Examples
  • hospitestreshorascenabant.
  • quarto die revenitrex
  • Agricola provinciamseptemannosadministrabat.
  • secundahoralibertusMemoremexcitaretemptavit.
  • media noctehostescastra nostra oppugnaverunt.
  • sex dies navigabamus; septimo die ad portumadvenimus.
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