Worldview
Download
1 / 51

worldview - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 416 Views
  • Updated On :
loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'worldview' - jaden


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Personal philosophy of professional ethics l.jpg
Personal Philosophy of Professional Ethics

The Student will develop a written personal statement of their philosophy of ethics as a health care professional. The student will articulate the ethical basis on which they make moral judgments and conduct their behavior as a health care professional. The statement will include guiding principles and values that the student uses to make critical decisions and resolve ethic dilemmas. Although brevity and conciseness are laudable, the statement should be at least one page or more in length providing a clear statement of philosophy yet avoiding repetitious ambiguity.



Conflicting world views l.jpg
Conflicting world views?

“I am aware that no one….is neutral on such emotionally charged issues. None of us can tolerate the notion that our worldview may be based on a false premise and, thus, our whole life headed in the wrong direction.”

Dr. Armand M. Nicholi Jr.


Slide5 l.jpg

Read not to contradict…but weigh and consider.

Sir Francis Bacon

Seek first understand, then to be understood.

Steven Covey


Slide6 l.jpg

“Most of us make one of two basic assumptions:

we view the universe as a result of random events and life in this planet is a matter of chance;

Or we assume an Intelligence beyond the universe who gives the universe order, and life meaning.”

Dr. Armand M. Nicholi Jr.


The basis for an approach to ethics l.jpg
The basis for an approach to ethics

  • Worldview establishes the foundation that individuals rely on to form their approach to ethics. There are two fundamental worldviews from which ethics and values manifest in behavior and decision-making:

    • A belief that humans are created beings accountable to a creator.

    • A belief that humans evolved from the result of a chance event.


Worldview8 l.jpg
Worldview.

“Every individual bases his thoughts, decisions and actions on a worldview.”

“Because worldviews are pertinent to every person’s life—the way we think and the way we act—and because virtually all worldviews promise salvation or utopia, the study of worldviews is of critical importance.”

David Noebel


Slide9 l.jpg

“Our worldview informs our personal, social, and political lives. It influences how we perceive ourselves, how we relate to others, how we adjust to adversity, and what we understand our purpose to be.”

Dr. Armand M. Nicholi Jr.


Slide10 l.jpg

“Our worldview helps determine our values, our ethics, and our capacity for happiness. It helps us understand

where we come from, our heritage;

who we are, our identity;

why we exist on this planet, our purpose;

what drives us, our motivation; and

where we are going, our destiny.”

Dr. Armand M. Nicholi Jr.


Slide11 l.jpg

“Nothing short of a great Civil War of Values rages today throughout North America. Two sides with vastly differing and incompatible worldviews are locked in a bitter conflict that permeates every level of society.”

James Dobson and Gary Bauer


Slide12 l.jpg

The Roots of Two Worldviews. throughout North America. Two sides with vastly differing and incompatible worldviews are locked in a bitter conflict that permeates every level of society.”

“The spiritual worldview, rooted primarily in ancient Israel, with it emphasis on moral truth and right conduct and its motto of Thus saith the Lord;

..The materialist or ‘scientific’ worldview, rooted in ancient Greece, with its emphasis on reason and acquisition of knowledge and it motto What Says Nature?”

Dr. Armand M. Nicholi Jr.


Slide13 l.jpg

“To be more precise, it is a battle between worldviews, On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.”

David Noebel


The unbelievers bill of rights l.jpg

Secular Humanism On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.”

The Unbelievers Bill of Rights

The freedoms of thought and expression count among our most fundamental and cherished rights, and promote both individual welfare and the common good in a democratic state. Historically, however, unbelievers such as secular humanists, atheists, agnostics, rationalists, and freethinkers have faced prejudice, intolerance, and discrimination for their opinions and discoveries.

In the firm conviction that the principle of Church-State separation guarantees the equal rights of the religious and non-religious, we the Campus Freethought Alliance, on this 12th Day of July, 1998, hereby present the following Bill of Rights for Unbelievers.


Unbelievers shall have the right to l.jpg
Unbelievers shall have the right to: On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.”

1.Think freely and autonomously, express their views forthrightly, and debate or criticize any and all ideas without fear of censure, recrimination, or public ostracism.

2.Be free from discrimination and persecution in the workplace, business transactions, and public accommodations.

3.Exercise freedom of conscience in any situation where the same right would be extended to believers on religious grounds alone.

4.Hold any public office, in accordance with the constitutional principle that there shall be no religious test for such office.


The unbelievers bill of rights con t l.jpg
The Unbelievers Bill of Rights (Con’t) On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.”

5.Abstain from religious oaths and pledges, including pledges of allegiance, oaths of office, and oaths administered in a court of law, until such time as these are secularized or replaced by non-discriminatory affirmations.

6.Empower members of their community to perform legally-binding ceremonies, such as marriage.

7.Raise and nurture their children in a secular environment, and not be disadvantaged in adoption or custody proceedings because of their unbelief.

8.Conduct business and commerce on any day of their choosing, without interference from laws or regulations recognizing religious days of prayer, rest, or celebration.


The unbelievers bill of rights con t17 l.jpg
The Unbelievers Bill of Rights (Con’t) On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.”

9.Enjoy freedom from taxation supporting the government employment of clergy, and access to secular counseling equivalent to that provided by chaplains.

10.Declare conscientious objection to serving in the armed forces under any circumstance in which the religious may do so.

11.Live as citizens of a democracy free from religious language and imagery in currency, public schools and buildings, and government documents and business.


Slide18 l.jpg

“Secular humanists should be On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.” aware of a new book recently published…..By Tim Lahaye and DavidNoebel…The main theses of LaHaye and Noebel are, first, that secular humanism is a "religion."….Secular humanists should be apprehensive about this vicious indictment. Let us hope that it is not thebeginning of a major new assault, and that it will not be used by the Religious Right or their cohorts in the Bush administration and the conservative media to restrict not only the rights and freedom of secular humanists but of all Americans.”

Another Assault From the Religious Right

by Paul Kurtz


Marxism leninism l.jpg
Marxism/Leninism On one side is the Christian worldview. On the other is the Humanist worldview divided into three easily definable branches: Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Cosmic Humanism or the New Age movement.”

“…law is based squarely on the assumptions that God does not exist and man is an evolving animal.”

“…law carries the burden of biological evolution, class warfare, and its own demise. The victory of communism brings with it the end of all class conflicts, the elimination of private property, and paradise on earth.”

Noebel

“capital ethics is based on private property, as is the law in which that ethics is enacted.” Selsam


Slide20 l.jpg

“Just as it is impossible to find eternal moral principles in the form of commandments and maxims, it is impossible to find eternal justice embodied in statutes and legal codes. Just as a maxim becomes obsolete through changing conditions, so does a principle of legal right require reinterpretation in each new epoch, and, in periods of far-reaching social reconstruction, complete overthrow and replacement by a new principle meeting new situations and needs.” Selsam


Cosmic humanism new age l.jpg
Cosmic Humanism in the form of commandments and maxims, it is impossible to find eternal justice embodied in statutes and legal codes. Just as a maxim becomes obsolete through changing conditions, so does a principle of legal right require reinterpretation in each new epoch, and, in periods of far-reaching social reconstruction, complete overthrow and replacement by a new principle meeting new situations and needs.”“New Age”

Ethics

Ethical perspective based on theological pantheism and philosophical monism.

“Free will is simply the enactment of the realization that you are God, a realization that you are divine: free will is making everything accessible to you.”

“It [is] not possible to judge another’s truth.”

Shirley MacLaine

“Autonomous human beings can create and invent. And they can change their minds, repudiating values they once held.”

Gawain


Cosmic humanism new age22 l.jpg
Cosmic Humanism in the form of commandments and maxims, it is impossible to find eternal justice embodied in statutes and legal codes. Just as a maxim becomes obsolete through changing conditions, so does a principle of legal right require reinterpretation in each new epoch, and, in periods of far-reaching social reconstruction, complete overthrow and replacement by a new principle meeting new situations and needs.”“New Age”

LAW

All authority resides within the individual

“we must establish a world system where international law, courts, and enforcement are a reality.” Ferencz & Keyes

“As each of us connects with our inner spiritual awareness, we learn that the creative power of the universe is within us. We also learn that we can create our own reality and take responsibility for for doing so.” Gawain


Slide23 l.jpg

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

John 1: 1

“To cut off Law from its ethical sources is to strike a terrible blow at the rule of law.” Russell Kirk

“The fundamental basis of this nation’s law was given to Moses on the Mount. The fundamental basis of our Bill of Rights comes from the teachings which we get from Exodus and St. Matthew, from Isaiah and St. Paul. I don’t think we emphasize that enough these days. If we don’t have the proper fundamental moral background, we will finally wind up with a totalitarian government which does not believe in rights for anybody except the state.”

Harry S. Truman


Has 4400 legal aspects of health care l.jpg

HAS 4400 with God, and the Word was God.”Legal Aspects of Health Care

Ethical Principles and Approaches

Dr. Burton


Theories of moral obligation l.jpg
Theories of Moral Obligation with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Utilitarian and Other Teleological Theories

    • Choosing the alternative that produces the greatest balance of good over evil for members of a moral reference group.

  • Deontological Theories

    • A duty-based theory


Utilitarianism l.jpg
Utilitarianism with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Three questions are left unanswered:

    • Who is to be included in the moral reference group?

    • What is to count as good or bad?

    • What sort of alternative is to be considered?

Source: Graber 1989


Moral reference group l.jpg
Moral Reference Group with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Egoism

  • Racism

  • Sexism

  • Nationalism

  • One’s patients

  • Utilitarianism “all sentient beings” (human?)


Theories of value l.jpg
Theories of Value with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Subjective Preference

    • Maximize satisfaction of preferences and minimize frustration.

  • Hedonism

    • Pleasure is good, pain is bad.

  • Pluralism

    • Four fundamental intrinsic goods

      • Pleasure

      • Knowledge

      • Virtue

      • Justice


Act versus rule l.jpg
Act versus Rule with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Should a standard be applied to individual concrete actions or more generally in formulating policies for action in all situations of a certain type?


Kant s deontological theory l.jpg
Kant’s Deontological Theory with God, and the Word was God.”

Maintained that it is absolutely and always wrong to treat persons “merely as a means and not at the same time as an end in themselves.”

Absolute duties:

It is wrong to kill an innocent person.

It is wrong to tell a lie.

It is wrong to do physical harm to an innocent person.


Ross s prima facie duties l.jpg
Ross’s Prima Facie Duties with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Fidelity

  • Reparation

  • Gratitude

  • Justice

  • Beneficence

  • Self-Improvement

  • Nonmaleficence


Beauchamp and childress four basic principles l.jpg
Beauchamp and Childress with God, and the Word was God.”(Four basic principles)

Autonomy

Free to make choices

Nonmaleficence

Do no harm

Beneficence

Doing good

Justice

Strive for equality in welfare and opportunity


Making ethical decisions edmund erde l.jpg
Making ethical decisions with God, and the Word was God.”Edmund Erde

  • A methodology

    1. Characterize the dilemma as fully as possible

    2. Keeping the nature of morality in mind, discard those constituents that arise as a result of inclinations and prejudices.

    3. If step 2 does not suffice to solve the problem, consider fully the characterized case in the light of the available moral theories.


Common rationalizations l.jpg
Common Rationalizations with God, and the Word was God.”

  • “It’s not really illegal or immoral.”

  • “It’s in my (or the organization’s) best interest.”

  • “No one will find out.”

  • “Since it helps the organization, the organization will condone it and protect me.”


Exhibit 5 7 three views on ethics l.jpg

Does it provide with God, and the Word was God.”

the greatest good

for the greatest

number?

Does it respect

the rights of the

individual

affected?

Is it fair

and equitable?

Exhibit 5-7 Three views on ethics.

Ethical questions

The

Utilitarian

View

The

Rights

View

The

Justice

View

Times are changing. Individual rights and social justice

are challenges which will require supervisors to base

ethical standards on nonutilitarian criteria.


A guide for ethical behavior questions to ask yourself l.jpg
A guide for ethical behavior. with God, and the Word was God.”Questions to ask yourself.

1. How did this problem occur in the first place?

2. Would you define the problem differently if you stood on the other side of the fence?

3. To whom and to what do you give your loyalty as a person and as a member of your organization/

4. What is your intention in making this decision?

5. What is the potential for your intentions to be misunderstood by others in the organization?

6. How does your intention compare with the probable result?

7. Whom could your decision injure?

8. Can you discuss the problem with affected parties before you make the decision?

9. Are you confident that your position will be as valid over a long period of time as it seems now.

10. Could you disclose your decision to your boss or your immediate family?

11. How would you feel if your decision was described, in detail, on the front page of your local newspaper?


Slide37 l.jpg

* with God, and the Word was God.”

There

is

no right way to

do

a wrong thing

*


Slide38 l.jpg

Values Clarification Process with God, and the Word was God.”

Choosing Values

Prizing Values

Acting on Values


The five p s of ethical power l.jpg
The Five P’s of Ethical Power with God, and the Word was God.”

Purpose

Perspective

Pride

Persistence

Patience


Purpose l.jpg
Purpose with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Objective or Intention

  • “ongoing”

  • Living by your word

  • Congruence

    • “being right with life”

  • Your epitaph?


Pride l.jpg
Pride with God, and the Word was God.”

NOT Big I,

little you.

Self-worth vs Worthless

No one can make you feel inferior without your permission


Slide42 l.jpg

* with God, and the Word was God.”

People with humility don’t think less of themselves..

They just think about themselves less

*


Patience l.jpg
Patience with God, and the Word was God.”

Nice guys may appear to finish last,

but usually they are running in a different race


Persistence l.jpg
Persistence with God, and the Word was God.”

*

Never!

Never!

Never!

Never!

Give up!

*


Slide45 l.jpg

  • Nothing can take the place of Persistence with God, and the Word was God.”

  • Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with great talent

  • Genius will not unrewarded genius is almost a proverb

  • Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts.

  • Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent.


Perspective l.jpg
Perspective with God, and the Word was God.”

*

Every problem

can be solved

if you take

some quiet time

to reflect,

seek guidance,

and put things

into

Perspective.

*


Slide47 l.jpg

Ethical dilemmas. with God, and the Word was God.”


Slide48 l.jpg

“I don’t care how you get results— with God, and the Word was God.”

just get them.!”

How can you get acceptable bottom-line results, stay competitive, and at the same time, be committed to ethical practices?


If you are always confronted with easy choices you don t build character l.jpg
“If you are always confronted with God, and the Word was God.”with easy choices,you don’t buildCHARACTER”


If we take care in the beginning the end will take care if itself l.jpg
* with God, and the Word was God.”IfWeTake CareIn theBeginning,The EndWillTake careIfItself*


Blanchard and peale s ethics check l.jpg

Ethics Check with God, and the Word was God.”

1. Is it legal?

2. Is it balanced?

3. How will it make me feel about myself?

Consider

Will I be violating either civil law or company policy?

Is it fair to all concerned in the short term as well as the long term?

Does it promote win-win relationship?

Would I feel good if my decision were published in the news paper?

Would I feel good if my family knows about my decision?

Blanchard and Peale’s“Ethics Check”


ad